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[1]夏万才,邵发亮,贾国清,等.贡嘎山鸟类的多样性、分布及区系[J].应用与环境生物学报,2020,26(04):1029-1040.
 XIA Wancai,SHAO Faliang,JIA Guoqing,et al.Avian diversity, distribution, and fauna of the Gongga Mountains[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2020,26(04):1029-1040.
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贡嘎山鸟类的多样性、分布及区系()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
26卷
期数:
2020年04期
页码:
1029-1040
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Avian diversity, distribution, and fauna of the Gongga Mountains
作者:
夏万才邵发亮贾国清崔鹏周华明杨陈王杰
1中国科学院成都生物研究所山地生态恢复与生物资源利用院重点实验室 成都 610041 2四川贡嘎山国家级自然保护区管理局 康定 626000 3生态环境部南京环境科学研究所 南京 210042 4甘孜藏族自治州林业科学研究所 康定 626001
Author(s):
XIA Wancai1 SHAO Faliang2 JIA Guoqing2 CUI Peng3 ZHOU Huaming4 YANG Chen1 & WANG Jie1?
1 Key Laboratory of Mountain Ecological Restoration and Bioresource Utilization, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China 2 Gongga Mountain National Nature Reserve, Kangding 626000, China 3 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China, Nanjing 210042, China 4 Ganzi Prefecture Forestry Research Institute, Kangding 626001, China
关键词:
贡嘎山鸟类多样性垂直分布水平分布区系
Keywords:
Gongga Mountain avian diversity elevational distribution horizontal distribution fauna
摘要:
鸟类是环境质量的指示物种,开展鸟类多样性的研究有助于了解区域生物多样性的现状和格局,为生物多样性的保护和管理提供科学参考. 2011-2018年采用固定样线法并辅以红外相机拍摄法,对贡嘎山东坡和西坡的鸟类进行调查. 共记录到鸟类259种,隶属14目52科. 其中非雀形目13目15科63种,雀形目37科196种,国家Ⅰ级重点保护鸟类5种,国家Ⅱ级重点保护鸟类20种,中国特有鸟类15种. 贡嘎山区域以留鸟为主,达179种(占69.1%),夏候鸟63种,冬候鸟9种,旅鸟8种;鸟类多样性整体上呈现中锋分布模式,即以中海拔带鸟类的多样性最为丰富. 东西坡鸟类的多样性和区系差异较大,东坡鸟类多样性高于西坡,虽均以东洋界物种为主,但古北界鸟种在西坡所占的比例高于东坡. 本研究为贡嘎山自然保护区增加鸟类新纪录11种. (图1 表4 参28)
Abstract:
Birds are environmental indicators. The analysis of avian diversity can be used to clarify the status and structure of regional biodiversity and thereby promote efficient management measures. We employed line transects and infrared camera traps for birds during 2011-2018 on the western and eastern slopes of the Gongga Mountains. We recorded 259 bird species belonging to 14 orders and 52 families, including 63 non-passerine species in 15 families and 13 orders and 196 passerine species in 37 families. Five, twenty, and fifteen species belonged to the National-protected Grade I and II, and Chinese endemic species, respectively. There were 179 (69.1%), 63, 9, and 8 bird residents, summer visitors, winter visitors, and migrants in the Gongga Mountains, respectively. Species richness was highest at the middle altitudes, supporting the mid-domain hypothesis. Bird species richness was greater on the eastern slopes than on the western slopes. Most of the species (on both slopes) were of Oriental origin, but Palearctic origin species occurred at a higher percentage on the western slopes. Eleven bird species were recorded for the first time in the Gongga Mountains National Nature Reserve.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2020-08-25