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[1]李芊芊,罗柳青,陈洋芳,等.高盐污水处理人工湿地中耐盐植物的筛选[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(05):873-878.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.10044]
 LI Qianqian,LUO Liuqing,CHEN Yangfang & WANG Wenqing,et al.Selection of salt-tolerant plants for high-salinity wastewater treatment by constructed wetlands[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(05):873-878.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.10044]
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高盐污水处理人工湿地中耐盐植物的筛选()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
23卷
期数:
2017年05期
页码:
873-878
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2017-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Selection of salt-tolerant plants for high-salinity wastewater treatment by constructed wetlands
作者:
李芊芊罗柳青陈洋芳王文卿
1厦门大学环境与生态学院 厦门 361102 2福建省滨海湿地保护与生态恢复工程技术研究中心 厦门 361102
Author(s):
LI Qianqian1 LUO Liuqing1 CHEN Yangfang1 & WANG Wenqing1 2**
1 College of Environment & Ecology, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China 2 Engineering Research Center of Fujian Province for Coastal Wetland Protection and Ecological Restoration, Xiamen 361102, China
关键词:
人工湿地高盐污水耐盐植物耐污植物植物筛选
Keywords:
constructed wetland wastewater with high salinity salt-tolerant plant pollution-resistant plant plant selection
分类号:
X173:X52
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.10044
摘要:
人工湿地作为一种新兴污水处理工艺,具有高效、低成本等优点,但因缺乏能够在高盐环境中生存的湿地植物,因此应用于高盐污水处理还存在诸多难题. 基于对我国南方海岸及海岛的大量野外调查及文献调研,依据生理指标、形态指标、经济成本和应用潜力等,筛选出耐盐、耐水湿、耐污、净化能力强、生长快、生物量大、栽培简单、分布广泛并具有景观效果的南方滨海耐盐植物23种,进一步对每一种植物的耐盐能力进行分级,其中耐盐能力最强的种类为扁秆荆三棱(Bolboschoenus planiculmis)、海雀稗(Paspalum vaginatum)、川蔓藻(Ruppia maritima)、海马齿(Sesuvium portulacastrum)和盐地碱蓬(Suaeda salsa). 本研究结果可为人工湿地的构建提供更多植物种类选择,并促进人工湿地可持续的净化功能与景观功能的有机结合. (图1 表1 参31)
Abstract:
Currently, efficient technology for combining wastewater treatment and water reuse is urgently required to cope with water shortage and increased high-salinity wastewater. As an emerging technique for wastewater treatment, constructed wetlands have the advantages of high efficiency, low cost, and so on. However, owing to the scarcity of wetland plants that can survive in environments with high salt concentrations, constructed wetlands encounter huge obstacles in the treatment of high-salinity wastewater. In this study, based on extensive field investigations and literature review, 23 salt-tolerant coastal plants with characteristics of salt tolerance, waterlogging resistance, pollution tolerance, high purification ability, rapid growth, large biomass, simple cultivation, wide distribution and landscape effect were selected, and salt tolerance of each species was rated. The species with the highest salt tolerance were Bolboschoenus planiculmis, Paspalum vaginatum, Ruppia maritima, Sesuvium portulacastrum, and Suaeda salsa. The result can provide more choices of plants for constructing artificial wetlands, and contribute to integration of sustainable purification function and landscape service.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2017-10-25