|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]高宇,章龙珍,张婷婷,等.点篮子鱼对人工湿地的水生态系统工程师效应[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(04):734-738.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.09039]
 GAO Yu,ZHANG Longzhen,ZHANG Tingting,et al.Antibiotic and disinfectant resistance of Escherichia coli isolated from a chicken farm[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(04):734-738.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.09039]
点击复制

点篮子鱼对人工湿地的水生态系统工程师效应()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
23卷
期数:
2017年04期
页码:
734-738
栏目:
研究简报
出版日期:
2017-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Antibiotic and disinfectant resistance of Escherichia coli isolated from a chicken farm
作者:
高宇章龙珍张婷婷胡成硕庄平王妤刘鉴毅
中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所,农业部东海与远洋渔业资源开发利用重点实验室,农业部东海与长江口渔业资源环境科学观测实验站 上海 200090
Author(s):
GAO Yu ZHANG Longzhen ZHANG Tingting HU Chengshuo ZHUANG Ping WANG Yu & LIU Jianyi**
Key Laboratory of East China Sea & Oceanic Fishery Resources Exploitation and Utilization; Scientific Observing and Experimental Station of Fisheries Resources and Environment of East China Sea and Yangtze Estuary, Ministry of Agriculture, East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, 200090 Shanghai, China)
关键词:
点篮子鱼水生态系统工程师人工湿地浒苔生态养殖
Keywords:
Siganus guttatus aquatic ecosystem engineer artificial wetland Enteromorpha prolifra ecological breeding
分类号:
X17
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.09039
摘要:
选取需要人工定期实施清理浒苔的海参养殖区为研究对象,以投放点篮子鱼(Siganus guttatus)混养为处理组,以不投放点篮子鱼为对照组,通过监测处理组和对照组浒苔生长覆盖率和水质参数(包括氨氮和磷酸盐)等指标的动态变化探讨点篮子鱼作为水生态系统工程师对水域资源环境引起的资源配置变化,在此基础上研究点篮子鱼体重与对浒苔日摄食量之间的关系以定量化水生态系统工程师效应. 结果显示,投放点篮子鱼的处理组不仅浒苔覆盖率比未投放点篮子鱼的对照组下降速度显著要快,而且水质指标在浒苔腐败的后期能依然保持平稳,与对照组形成显著性差异;随着点篮子鱼体重的增加,其单位时间内对浒苔的摄食量以对数形式增长. 综上,点篮子鱼能通过改变自身以外生命(浒苔)或非生命物质(水质)的状态,产生水生态系统工程师效应;未来运用水生态系统工程师的同时需要综合考量潜在的生物入侵风险. (图3 参32)
Abstract:
“Aquatic ecosystem engineering” refers to the direct or indirect regulations on resource allocation and the effects on other aquatic species by changing both the living and non-living parts of environment. The breeding zones of sea cucumber (Holothurians) were selected as the study subject, and two groups with (treatment) and without (control) Siganus guttatus polycultures were established. The dynamics of Enteromorpha prolifra coverage and water quality parameters (e.g. ammonia nitrogen and phosphate) were monitored for both the treatment and control groups, to evaluate S. guttatus as an engineer in ingesting E. prolifra, and changing physical properties of water quality. Based on this finding, we also discussed the relationship between the body weight of S. guttatus and their daily intake of E. prolifra in order to quantify its impact as an aquatic ecosystem engineer. The results indicate that the treatment group not only showed a significantly faster decline of E. prolifra coverage than the control group, but also significantly more stable water quality parameters during the stage of E. prolifra death and decay. With the increase of S. guttatus body weight, their intake of E. prolifra as food within a unit time period increased logarithmically. The results also suggest that S. guttatus demonstrated the engineering effects in this coastal wetland, and thus could be considered as a tool in ingesting E. prolifra, and changing the physical properties of water quality; the potential risks with biological invasion in applications of this new concept are proposed.

参考文献/References:

1 Tian B, Zhou YX, Thom RM, Diefenderfer HL, Yuan Q. Detecting wetland changes in Shanghai, China using FORMOSAT and Landsat TM imagery [J]. J Hydrol, 2015, 529: 1-10
2 Ma ZJ, Melville DS, Liu JG, Chen Y, Yang HY, Ren WW, Zhang ZW, Piersma T, Li B. Rethinking China抯 new great wall [J]. Science, 2014, 346 (6212): 912-914
3 秦传新, 张安凯, 于刚, 董双林. 水产生态养殖模式研究进展[J]. 广东农业科学, 2013, 40 (12): 140-143 [Qin CX, Zhang AK, Yu G, Dong SL. Research and development of ecological aquaculture model [J]. Guangdong Agric Sci, 2013, 40 (12): 140-143]
4 Jones CG, Lawton JH, Shachak M. Organisms as ecosystem engineers [J]. Oikos, 1994, 69: 373-386
5 唐龙, 高扬, 赵斌, 梁宗锁, 李博. 生态系统工程师: 理论与应用[J]. 生态学报, 2008, 28 (7): 3344-3355 [Tang L, Gao Y, Zhao B, Liang ZS, Li B. Ecosystem engineers: theory and applications [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2008, 28 (7): 3344-3355]
6 何永涛, 石培礼, 闫巍. 高山垫状植物的生态系统工程师效应研究进展[J]. 生态学杂志, 2010, 29 (6): 1221-1227 [He YT, Shi PL, Yan W. Ecosystem engineering of cushion plants in alpine plant community: a review [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2010, 29 (6): 1221-1227]
7 孟丰收, 石培礼, 闫巍, 何永涛. 垫状植物在高山生态系统中的功能: 格局与机制[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2013, 19 (4): 561-568 [Meng FS, Shi PL, Yan W, He YT. The function of cushion plants in alpine ecosystems: patterns and mechanisms [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2013, 19 (4): 561-568]
8 刘鉴毅, 章龙珍, 庄平, 赵峰, 张涛, 冯广朋, 黄晓荣, 闫文罡, 侯俊利. 点篮子鱼人工繁育技术研究[J]. 海洋渔业, 2009, 31(1): 73-81 [Liu JY, Zhang LZ, Zhuang P, Zhao F, Zhang T, Feng GP, Huang XR, Yan WG, Hou JL. Study on artificial propagation of Siganus guttatus [J]. Mar Fish, 2009, 31 (1): 73-81]
9 高荣兵, 庄平, 章龙珍, 刘鉴毅, 侯俊利, 冯广朋, 邹雄. 豆粕替代鱼粉对点篮子鱼生长性能的影响[J]. 水产学报, 2010, 34 (10): 1534-1540 [Gao RB, Zhuang P, Zhang LZ, Liu JY, Hou JL, Feng GP, Zou X. Effects of replacement of fish meal by soybean meal on growth characters of Siganidae (Siganus guttatus) [J]. J Fish China, 2010, 34 (10): 1534-1540]
10 闫文罡, 章龙珍, 庄平, 刘鉴毅, 赵峰, 张涛, 冯广朋, 黄晓荣, 侯俊利, 庄平. 点篮子鱼驯养与繁殖技术总结[J]. 现代渔业信息, 2010, 25 (4): 30-32 [Yan WG, Zhang LZ, Zhuang P, Zhao F, Zhang T, Huang XR, Hou JL. Technical summary of S. guttatus domestication and propagation [J]. Mod Fish Inform, 2010, 25 (4): 30-32]
11 王妤, 庄平, 章龙珍, 刘鉴毅, 赵峰. 盐度对点篮子鱼的存活、生长及抗氧化防御系统的影响 [J]. 水产学报, 2011, 35 (1): 66-73 [Wang Y, Zhuang P, Zhang LZ, Liu JY, Zhao F. Effects of salinity on survival, growth and antioxidant defense system of Siganus guttatus [J]. J Fish China, 2011, 35 (1): 66-73]
12 Xie B, Qin J, Yang H, Wang X, Wang YH, Li TY. Organic aquaculture in China: a review from a global perspective [J]. Aquaculture, 2013, 414-415 (11): 243-253
13 李晓, 王颖, 吴志宏, 刘天红, 孙元芹, 李红艳. 浒苔对刺参幼参生长影响的初步研究[J]. 中国水产科学, 2013, 20(5): 1092-1099 [Li X, Wang Y, Wu ZH, Liu TH, Sun YQ, Li HY. Effect of Enteromorpha prolifera on growth of Apostichopus japonicus [J]. J Fish Sci China, 2013, 20 (5): 1092-1099]
14 宋超, 胡成硕, 章龙珍, 赵峰, 刘鉴毅. 人工饲料和浒苔饲喂对点篮子鱼幼鱼生长性能和消化酶活性影响[J]. 海洋渔业, 2015, 37 (6): 525-532 [Song C, Hu CS, Zhang LZ, Zhao F, Liu JY. On growth performance and digestive enzyme activity of juvenile Siganus guttatus fed with artificial feed and Enteromorpha prolifra [J]. Mar Fish, 2015, 37 (6): 525-532]
15 胡成硕, 刘鉴毅, 赵峰, 宋超, 章龙珍. 点篮子鱼幼鱼摄食浒苔的习性及生长特征[J]. 海洋渔业, 2015, 37 (4): 349-356 [Hu CS, Liu JY, Zhao F, Song C, Zhang LZ. Feeding habits on Enteromorpha prolifra and growth characteristics of juvenile Siganus guttatus [J]. Mar Fish, 2015, 37 (4): 349-356]
16 胡则辉, 徐君卓, 柴学军, 石建高, 吴祖杰. 海水网箱单养及混养褐篮子鱼试验效果初探[J]. 渔业现代化, 2008, 35(6): 26-28 [Hu ZH, Xu JZ, Chai XJ, Shi JG, Wu ZJ. Preliminary study on monoculture and polyculture modes for Siganus fuscescens in sea net cage [J]. Fish Modern, 2008, 35 (6): 26-28]
17 张卫信, 陈迪马, 赵灿灿. 蚯蚓在生态系统中的作用[J]. 生物多样性, 2007, 15 (2): 142-153 [Zhang WX, Chen DM, Zhao CC. Functions of earthworm in ecosystem [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2007, 15 (2): 142-153]
18 李葳, 侯俊利, 章龙珍, 庄平, 刘鉴毅, 张涛. 饲料糖水平对点篮子鱼生长性能的影响[J]. 海洋渔业, 2012, 34 (1): 64-70 [Li W, Hou JL, Zhang LZ, Zhuang P, Liu JY, Zhang T. Effects of dietary carbohydrate on growth performance of Siganus guttatus [J]. Mar Fish, 2012, 34 (1): 64-70]
19 庄平, 王妤, 章龙珍, 赵峰. 盐度骤降对点篮子鱼存活率及肝脏抗氧化酶活性的影响[J]. 复旦学报(自然科学版), 2011, 50 (3): 366-372 [Zhuang P, Wang Y, Zhang LZ, Zhao F. The effects of ambient salinity decrement on survival and the activity of antioxidant enzymes in livers of Siganus guttatus [J]. J Fudan Univ (Nat Sci), 2011, 50 (3): 366-372]
20 邹雄, 庄平, 章龙珍, 刘鉴毅, 闫文罡, 高荣兵. 点篮子鱼形态特征及其相关性参数分析[J]. 海洋渔业, 2010, 32 (4): 395-400 [Zou X, Zhuang P, Zhang LZ, Liu JY, Yan WG, Gao RB. Biological characteristics and correlation analysis of morphological characteristics in Siganus guttatus [J]. Mar Fish, 2010, 32 (4): 395-400]
21 罗集光, 章龙珍, 庄平, 赵峰, 王妤. 盐度对点篮子鱼消化酶活性的影响[J]. 海洋渔业, 2011, 33 (1): 33-38 [Luo JG, Zhang LZ, Zhuang P, Zhao F, Wang Y. Effects of salinity on digestive enzyme activity in Siganus guttatus [J]. Mar Fish, 2011, 33 (1): 33-38]
22 宋超, 章龙珍, 刘鉴毅, 赵峰, 庄平, 王妤, 黄晓荣. 池塘低盐养殖点篮子鱼肌肉营养成分的分析与评价[J]. 海洋渔业, 2012, 34 (4): 444-450 [Song C, Zhang LZ, Liu JY, Zhao F, Zhuang P, Wang Y, Huang XR. Analysis and evaluation of nutritional components in muscle of Siganus guttatus reared in low salinity pond [J]. Mar Fish, 2012, 34 (4): 444-450]
23 刘鉴毅, 宋志明, 王妤, 庄平, 章龙珍. 温度对点篮子鱼幼鱼生长、摄食和消化酶活性的影响 [J]. 海洋渔业, 2015, 37 (5): 442-448 [Liu JY, Song ZM, Wang Y, Zhuang P, Zhang LZ. Effects of water temperature on growth, feeding and activities of digestive enzymes of juvenile Siganus guttatas [J]. Mar Fish, 2015, 37 (5): 442-448]
24 朱卫, 刘鉴毅, 庄平, 赵峰, 宋超, 邹雄, 章龙珍. 饲料脂肪水平对点篮子鱼生长和体成分的影响[J]. 海洋渔业, 2013, 35 (1): 65-71 [Zhu W, Liu JY, Zhuang P, Zhao F, Song C, Zou X, Zhang LZ. Effects of dietary lipid level on growth and body composition of Siganus guttatus [J]. Mar Fish, 2013, 35 (1): 65-71]
25 朱晓梅, 章龙珍, 刘鉴毅, 赵峰, 宋超, 王妤, 张涛. 不同营养素配比对点篮子鱼幼鱼生长及肌肉组成的影响[J]. 海洋渔业, 2014, 36 (4): 342-349 [Zhu XM, Zhang LZ, Liu JY, Zhao F, Song C, Wang Y, Zhang T. Effects of different nutrition ratios on growth and muscle composition of Siganus guttatus [J]. Mar Fish, 2014, 36 (4): 342-349]
26 徐兆礼, 叶属峰, 徐韧. 2008年中国浒苔灾害成因条件和过程推测[J]. 水产学报, 2009, 33 (3): 430-437 [Xu ZL, Ye SF, Xu R. Possible conditions and process of the massive blooms of Enteromorpha prolifera in China during 2008 [J]. J Fish China, 2009, 33 (3): 430-437]
27 胡军华, 胡慧建, 蒋志刚. 大空间尺度上物种多样性的分布规律[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2007, 13 (5): 731-735 [Hu JH, Hu HJ, Jiang ZG. Distribution regularities of species diversity at large spatial scale [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2007, 13 (5): 731-735]
28 丁月旻. 黄海浒苔绿潮中生源要素的迁移转化及对生态环境的影响[D]. 青岛: 中国科学院海洋研究所, 2014 [Ding YM. Impacts of Ulva (Enteromorpha) prolifera in the green tide on the Yellow Sea ecological environment - Implications from migration and transformation of biogenic elements [D]. Qingdao: Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2014]
29 Rout ME, Callaway RM. An invasive plant paradox [J]. Science, 2009, 324 (5928): 734-735
30 刘东, 李思发, 唐文乔. 世界范围内“四大家鱼”入侵现状及其适应特性[J]. 动物学杂志, 2012, 47 (4): 143-152 [Liu D, Li SF, Tang WQ. Invasion status worldwide of the four major culture fishes and their adaptive features [J]. Chin J Zool, 2012, 47 (4): 143-152]
31 Devaney SC, Mcnyset KM, Williams JB, Peterson AT, Wiley EO. A tale of four 揷arp? invasion potential and ecological niche modeling [J]. PLoS ONE, 2009, 4 (5): e5451
32 Mosepele K, Moyle PB, Merron GS, Purkey DR, Mosepele B. Fish, floods, and ecosystem engineers: aquatic conservation in the Okavango Delta, Botswana [J]. Bioscience, 2009, 59 (1): 53-64

更新日期/Last Update: 2017-08-25