|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]王宏,沈英娃,卢玲,等.几种典型有害化学品对水生生物的急性毒性[J].应用与环境生物学报,2003,9(01):49-52.
 WANG Hong,et al..Acute toxicity of typical hazard chemicals to three kinds of aquatic organisms[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2003,9(01):49-52.
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几种典型有害化学品对水生生物的急性毒性()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
9卷
期数:
2003年01期
页码:
49-52
栏目:
综述
出版日期:
2003-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Acute toxicity of typical hazard chemicals to three kinds of aquatic organisms
作者:
王宏沈英娃卢玲朱红梅陈宏许永香高世荣
(国家环境保护总局化学品登记中心北京100012) (1中国预防医学科学研究院北京100050)
Author(s):
WANG Honget al.
关键词:
关键词 生态毒理学 有害化学品 急性毒性 水生生物
Keywords:
Keywords ecotoxicology hazard chemicals acute toxicity aquatic organisms
摘要:
摘要 采用水体中3个营养级别的水生生物(绿藻、水溞和鱼)测试卤代酚类、硝基苯类、烷基苯类典型有毒有害化学品对水生生物的急性毒性,同时对上述物质对水生生物的安全性进行初步评估,并预测了上述物质对水生生物的环境安全浓度.研究结果表明,在3类12种有机污染物中,卤代酚类物质对水生生物的毒性最强,其中五氯苯酚对水生生物具有极高毒性.在3个营养级别的受试生物中,剑尾鱼对上述毒物具有较好的敏感性,结果稳定,重现性好,说明剑尾鱼是一种优良的水生毒性试验材料. 图1 表3 参11
Abstract:
Abstract The acute toxicity of three kinds of typical chemicals to alga (Selenastrum capricornutum)、cladoceza(Daphina magna) and swordtail fish(Xiphophorus helleri)were studied, and safety assessment was also made. The results indicated that phenols were the pollutants with high toxicity, in which pentachlorophenol had the highest toxicity in all these tested chemicals. The results also showed that swordtail fish was more sensitive to these pollutant, and the result with swordtail fish had better reproduplication, so swordtail fish was a kind of good laboratory animals for aquatic toxic test. Fig 1, Tab 3, Ref 11

相似文献/References:

[1]张彤,金洪钧.4种石油化工污染物对15种水生动物急性毒性效应[J].应用与环境生物学报,1998,4(01):44.
 ZHANG Tong,et al..Acute toxicity of 4 pollutants from petrochemical industry to 15 species of aquatic animals[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1998,4(01):44.

更新日期/Last Update: 2003-02-17