|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]秦嘉励,杨万勤,张健.岷江上游典型生态系统水源涵养量及价值评估[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(04):453-458.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00453]
 QIN Jiali,YANG Wanqin,ZHANG Jian.Assessment of Ecosystem Water Conservation Value in the Upper Minjiang River, Sichuan, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(04):453-458.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00453]
点击复制

岷江上游典型生态系统水源涵养量及价值评估()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
15卷
期数:
2009年04期
页码:
453-458
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2009-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Assessment of Ecosystem Water Conservation Value in the Upper Minjiang River, Sichuan, China
作者:
秦嘉励杨万勤 张健
四川农业大学林学园艺学院 雅安 625014
Author(s):
QIN JialiYANG WanqinZHANG Jian
Faculty of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya’an 625014, Sichuan, China
关键词:
水源涵养岷江上游生态价值生态经济学
Keywords:
water conservationthe upper reaches of the Minjiang Riverecological valueecological economics
分类号:
Q948.112.3
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00453
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
岷江上游自然生态系统由于具有重要的水源涵养功能,被誉为长江流域“水塔”的重要组成部分. 通过野外实地调查和已有文献资料收集分析,初步核算了岷江上游典型生态系统的水源涵养量;并利用生态经济学价值量评估方法,分别估算了该区典型生态系统的水源涵养价值. 岷江上游森林、灌丛和草地3种典型生态系统的水源涵养量分别为21.23×108 m3、17.92×108 m3和14.00×108 m3,价值6.34×108元、5.36×108元和4.19×108元. 植被冠层和土壤层是水源涵养的主要作用层,而枯枝落叶层水源涵养量和价值均较小. 3种典型生态系统中以森林生态系统水源涵养价值最大,占总价值的39.92%,灌丛和草地生态系统分别占33.73%和26.35%. 森林生态系统中以冷杉林的水源涵养量和价值为最高,占整个森林系统涵养水源价值的51.22%,整个研究区价值的20.48%,在涵养水源过程中占据主导地位. 图2 表4 参31
Abstract:
The natural ecosystems in the upper reaches of the Minjiang River in Sichuan, China have great water stock, which is an important component for the “water tower” of the Yangtze River. The field investigation combined with the analysis of inventory data and published literature was used to evaluate the water conservation quantity of the major ecosystems (forest, shrub and grass) in the upper reaches of the Minjiang River. Furthermore, economic value of water conservation was also accounted according to the ecological economics assessment methods. The water conservation quantity was 21.23×108 m3, 17.92×108 m3 and 14.00×108 m3 in the forest, shrub and grass ecosystems in the study region, respectively. Correspondingly, the values were 6.34×108 Yuan, 5.36×108 Yuan and 4.19×108 Yuan in forest, shrub and grass ecosystems, respectively. The majority of water conservation in the three systems was distributed to the canopy and soil layer, and relatively smaller in the litter layer. The forest ecosystems showed the largest water conservation economic value, which accounted for 39.92% of the total value in the study region. Comparatively, the shrub and grass systems accounted for only 33.73% and 26.35% of the total value. In addition, the spruce forests played the most dominant role in conserving water, which accounted for 51.22% of the total forest ecosystem value and 20.48%of the total study region value. Fig 2, Tab 4, Ref 31

参考文献/References:

1 Zeiher LC. The ecology of architecture, a complete guide to creating the environmentally conscious building. New York, USA: Whitney Library of Design, 1996
2 Cheng CL. Evaluating water conservation measures for Green Building in Taiwan. Building & Environ, 2003, 38: 369~379
3 Wu JS (吴季松). Modern Water Resources Management Methodology. Beijing, China (北京): China Water Power Press, 2002
4 Wen YG (温远光), Liu SR (刘世荣). Quantitative analysis of the characteristics of rainfall interception of main forest ecosystems in China. Sci Silv Sin (林业科学), 1995, 31 (4): 289~298
5 Primack R, Rozzi R, Feinsinger P, Dirzo R, Massado F. Fundamentos de conservacion biologica. Perspectivas Latinoamericanas Fondo de Cultura Economica, Mexico, 2001
6 Wilcox, BP, Thurow TL. Emerging issues in rangeland ecohydrology: Vegetation change and the water cycle. Rangeland Ecol & Manage, 2006, 59: 220~224
7 Deng KM (邓坤枚), Shi PL (石培礼), Xie GD (谢高地). Water conservation of forest ecosystem in the upper reaches of Yangtze River and its benefits. Resour Sci (资源科学), 2002, 24 (6): 68~73
8 Yao J (姚建), Ding J (丁晶), Ai NS (艾南山). Assessment of ecological valnerability in upper reaches of Minjiang River. Resour & Environ Yangtze Basin (长江流域资源与环境), 2004, 13 (4): 380~383
9 Chen ZJ (陈治谏). The strategic position and the ecological and environmental function of the upper reaches of the Yangtze river. J Mountain Sci (山地学报), 2000, 8 (3): 258~262
10 Zhang WG (张文广), Hu YM (胡远满), Zhang J (张晶), Liu M (刘淼), Yang ZP (杨兆平),Chang Y (常禹),Li XZ (李秀珍). Forest water conservation and its benefits in upper reaches of Min jiang river in recent 30 years.. Chin J Ecol (生态学杂志), 2007, 26 (7): 1063~1067
11 Man ZC (满正闯), Su CJ (苏春江), Xu Y (徐云), Liu XL (刘兴亮), Zhang JY (张金盈). An Analysis on Water Conservation Capacity Variation of Forest in the Upper Reaches of Minjiang River. Res Soil & Water Conserv (水土保持研究), 2007, 14 (3): 223~226
12 Virginia HD, Stephen P. Measures of the effects of agricultural practices on ecosystem services. Ecol Econ, 2007, 64: 286~296
13 Li ZX (李振新),Ouyang ZY (欧阳志云), Zheng H (郑华), Liu XN (刘兴良), Su YM (宿以明). Comparison of rainfall redistribution in two ecosystems in Minjiang upper catchments, China. J Plant Ecol (植物生态学报), 2006, 30 (5): 723~731
14 Li J (李晶), Ren ZY (任志远). Study on function and value of vegetation water conservation on Qinba mountain. J Soil & Water Conserv (水土保持学报), 2003, 17 (4): 132~134, 138
15 Zhang LG (张立恭). A comprehensive evaluation of water-storage ability of water conservation forest in the upper reaches of Minjiang river. Sichuan For Exploration & Assign (四川林勘设计), 1997, (4): 27~31
16 Wang KY (王开运). Processes of Subalpine Forest Ecosystems in the West of Sichuan. Chengdu, China (成都): Sichuan Publishing House of Science &Technology, 2004
17 Yang C (杨澄), Dang KN (党坤良), Liu JJ (刘建军). Water-source conservation and regulating efficacy of artificial forest of Quercus acutissima. J Northwest For Coll (西北林学院学报), 1997, 12 (2): 15~19
18 Shi PL (石培礼), Wu B (吴波), Cheng GW (程根伟), Luo J (罗辑). Water retention capacity evaluation of main forest vegetation types in the upper Yangtze basin. J Nat Resour (自然资源学报), 2004, 19 (3): 351~360
19 Cheng GW (程根伟), Yu XX (余新晓). Hydrologic cycle and mathematical simulation of mountain forest ecosystem. Beijing, China (北京): Science Press, 2004
20 Dong TS (董铁狮), Zhao YS (赵雨森), Li CJ (李成军), Jiang ZH (姜忠灏). Study on water conservation function of scrub of Corylus spp.in eastern of Heilongjiang province. Prot For Sci & Technol (防护林科技), 2006, 71 (2): 3~6
21 Lin B (林波), Liu Q (刘庆), Wu Y (吴彦), He H (何海), Pang XY (庞学勇). Water holding capacity of moss and litter of subalpine coniferous plantations in western Sichuan, China. Chin J Appl Environ Biol (应用与环境生物学报), 2002, 8 (3): 234~238
22 Yang YP (杨玉坡). Sichuan Forest. Beijing, China (北京): China Forestry Publishing House, 1992
23 Sun YH (孙艳红), Zhang HJ (张洪江), Cheng JH (程金花), Wang YJ (王玉杰),Shi J (石健), Cheng Y (程云). Soil characteristics and water conservation of different forest types in Jinyun mountain. J Soil & Water Conserv (水土保持学报), 2006, 20 (2): 106~109
24 Dong W (董伟), Han B (韩波), Wang ZP (王兆品). Water conservation of forests in the south mountain areas of Jinan city. Shandong For Sci & Technol (山东林业科技), 2006, (2): 18~19
25 Zhu PF (朱鹏飞). Sichuan Forest Soil. Chengdu, China (成都): Sichuan Technology Press, 1989
26 Hou YZ (侯元兆). Assessment of the forest resources in China. Beijing, China (北京): China Forestry Publishing House, 1995
27 Gao SP (高素萍). The currency valuation of ecological benefit of nature forest based on GIS in the west of Sichuan province. Nanjing, China (南京): Nanjing Forestry University (南京林业大学), 2002
28 Wang JN (王金南), Zhuang GT (庄国泰). Ecological compensation mechanism and its policy design. Beijing, China (北京): China Environmental Science Press, 2005
29 Li JC (李金昌). Value assessment is the key of environmental assessment. China Population Resour & Environ (中国人口资源与环境), 2002, 12 (3):11~17
30 Chen DL (陈东立), Yu XX (余新晓), Liao BH (廖邦洪). Analysis on the function of conservation water of the Chinese forest ecosystem. World For Research (世界林业研究), 2005, 18 (1): 49~54
31 Cheng GW (程根伟), Shi PL (石培礼). Benefits of forest water conservation and its economical value evaluation in upper reaches of Yangtze River. Sci Soil & Water Conserv (中国水土保持科学), 2004, 2 (4): 17~20

相似文献/References:

[1]刘庆,包维楷,乔永康,等.岷江上游茂县半干旱河谷灌丛优势种间关系的研究[J].应用与环境生物学报,1996,2(01):36.
 Liu Qing,Bao Weikai,Qiao Yongkang,et al.STUDIES ON THE INTERSPECIFIC RELATIONSHIP AMONG DOMINANT SPECIES OF THE SEMI-ARID VALLEY SCRUBS IN MAOXIAN ON THE UPPER REACHES OF THE MINJIANG RIVER[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1996,2(04):36.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金项目(30771702,30471378),教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划项目(NCET-07-0592),国家“十一五”重大科技支撑计划课题(2006BAC01A11)和四川省杰出青年学科带头人培养基金(07ZQ026-022)
更新日期/Last Update: 2009-08-26