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[1]范周周,卢舒瑜,李志茹,等.岩溶与非岩溶地区不同林分根际土壤微生物对碳酸盐岩的溶蚀作用[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(04):751-757.[doi: 10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.09031]
 FAN Zhouzhou,LU Shuyu,LI Zhiru,et al.Roles of rhizospheric soil microbes of different forest stands in karst and non-karst areas in the dissolution of calcium carbonate[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(04):751-757.[doi: 10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.09031]
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岩溶与非岩溶地区不同林分根际土壤微生物对碳酸盐岩的溶蚀作用
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
24卷
期数:
2018年04期
页码:
751-757
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-08-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Roles of rhizospheric soil microbes of different forest stands in karst and non-karst areas in the dissolution of calcium carbonate
作者:
范周周卢舒瑜李志茹庞丹波周金星肖桂英彭霞薇
1北京林业大学生物科学与技术学院 北京 100083 2北京林业大学水土保持学院国家林业局水土保持重点实验室 北京 100083 3建水县林业技术推广所 建水 654300
Author(s):
FAN Zhouzhou1 LU Shuyu1 LI Zhiru1 PANG Danbo2 ZHOU Jinxing2 XIAO Guiying3 & PENG Xiawei1**
1 College of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China 2 Key Laboratory of Soil and Water Conservation of State Forestry Administration, School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China 3 Forest Technology Extension Institute of Jianshui County, Jianshui 654300, China
关键词:
碳酸酐酶土壤微生物岩溶溶蚀碳循环
Keywords:
carbonic anhydrase soil microorganism karst dissolution carbon cycle
分类号:
Q939.9
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.09031
摘要:
以云南建水岩溶与非岩溶地区针叶林云南松、阔叶林桉树的根际土壤为样品,比较不同地质背景条件下不同林分岩溶与非岩溶地区可培养土壤微生物及其分泌的碳酸酐酶对碳酸盐岩溶蚀作用的影响. 结果显示,岩溶地区的溶蚀速率均高于非岩溶地区,针叶林的溶蚀速率大于阔叶林,且岩溶地区云南松的溶蚀率最高为5.01%,说明岩溶地区云南松的土壤根际微生物对岩溶地区的溶蚀效应最大;加入碳酸酐酶抑制剂的处理组溶蚀速率较未加入碳酸酐酶的处理低3.6%-16%,表明碳酸酐酶对碳酸盐岩的溶蚀具有促进作用. 本研究表明岩溶地区针叶林根际土壤微生物有利于碳酸盐岩的溶蚀,加快成土速率,结果可为深入研究自然生态系统中微生物对碳循环的驱动作用以及微生物对喀斯特地区的风化作用提供理论依据. (图4 表4 参26)
Abstract:
To understand the effects of different culturable microbial communities of soils on the dissolution of calcium carbonate rocks under different geological conditions, soil samples were collected from the rhizosphere of coniferous Pinus yunnanensis forests and broadleaf Eucalyptus sp. forests growing in the karst and non-karst areas of Jianshui, Yunnan. The impact of soil microbes in the karst and non-karst areas and the effect of the carbonic anhydrase secreted by them on the process of formation of the karst topography were explored. The results revealed that the rate of dissolution of calcium carbonate in the karst areas was higher than that of the non-karst areas, and the rate of dissolution of calcium carbonate in the coniferous forests was greater than that of the broadleaf forests. The rate of dissolution of calcium carbonate was highest in the P. yunnanensis forest, being nearly 5.01%, indicating that the corrosive effect of the microorganisms growing in the rhizosphere of P. yunnanensis in the karst areas was the highest. The dissolution rate of calcium carbonate in the treatment group, to which carbonic anhydrase inhibitors were added, was 3.6%-16% lower than the group to which carbonic anhydrase was not added, suggesting that carbonic anhydrase accelerated the dissolution of calcium carbonate from the rocks. Thus, the microbes thriving in the rhizosphere of coniferous forests in the karst areas enhanced the dissolution of calcium carbonate rocks and accelerated the formation of soil, which provides a theoretical basis for further research studies exploring the driving function of microorganisms in carbon cycling in natural ecosystems and the weathering of karst areas.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-08-25