|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]林宝平,何宗明,郜士垒,等.林火干扰对滨海沙地人工林土壤碳氮库的影响*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(05):780-786.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.03013]
 LIN Baoping,HE Zongming,et al.Effects of fire disturbance on soil carbon and nitrogen pools in coastal sandy plantation forests*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(05):780-786.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.03013]
点击复制

林火干扰对滨海沙地人工林土壤碳氮库的影响* ()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
22卷
期数:
2016年05期
页码:
780-786
栏目:
生态系统的环境互作与表生过程专栏
出版日期:
2016-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of fire disturbance on soil carbon and nitrogen pools in coastal sandy plantation forests*
作者:
林宝平何宗明郜士垒林宇黄志群林思祖
1福建农林大学林学院 福州 350002 2国家林业局杉木工程技术研究中心 福州 350002 3福建省长乐大鹤国有防护林场 长乐 350212 4福建师范大学地理科学学院 福州 350007 5湿润亚热带山地生态国家重点实验室培育基地 福州 350007
Author(s):
LIN Baoping1 2 HE Zongming1 2** GAO Shilei1 2 LIN Yu3 HUANG Zhiqun4 5 & LIN Sizu1 2
1Forestry College of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China 2Chinese Fir Engineering Technology Research Center, State Forestry Administration, Fuzhou 350002, China 3Changle Dahe State-Owned Protection Forest Farm of Fujian Province, Changle 350212, China 4College of Geographical Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China 5Cultivation Base of State Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Mountain Ecology, Fuzhou 350007, China
关键词:
火烧土壤碳氮储量土壤可溶性有机碳氮微生物量碳氮沿海防护林
Keywords:
fire disturbance soil carbon and nitrogen stocks soil dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen coastal protection forest
分类号:
S714 : S762
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.03013
摘要:
了解林火对滨海沙地人工林土壤碳氮库的影响,选择滨海沙地上受轻度林火干扰的尾巨桉和木麻黄人工林为研究对象,对比其土壤碳氮储量、可溶性有机碳(DOC)、可溶性有机氮(DON)、微生物量碳(MBC)、微生物量氮(MBN)和矿质氮含量与对照林分之间的差异. 结果显示:轻度林火干扰对滨海沙地木麻黄人工林土壤碳氮库产生显著影响,对尾巨桉影响不显著. 林火干扰3年后,尾巨桉人工林土壤碳储量、氮储量、DOC、MBC与对照林分相比分别升高13.5%、27.7%、2.9%、13.7%,DON、MBN、矿质氮含量分别下降51.3%、14.7%、58.0%,而木麻黄人工林土壤碳储量、氮储量、DOC、DON、MBC、MBN、矿质氮含量分别下降27.9%、24.6%、38.6%、41.1%、24.5%、25.4%、31.7%. 两种人工林的土壤pH值与硝态氮、DON、MBN极显著相关. 本研究表明,轻度林火通过干扰土壤碳氮储量和易变性碳氮,进而对土壤碳氮库产生影响,且这种影响因树种而异. (图3 表3 参45)
Abstract:
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of mild forest fire disturbance on soil carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) pools in coastal sandy plantation forests. Soil C and N stocks, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and nitrogen (DON) concentration, microbial biomass carbon (MBC) and nitrogen (MBN) concentration and mineral N concentration were measured after three year of fire disturbance in Eucalyptus urophylla × E. grandis and Casuarina equisetifolia plantations. The results showed that fire disturbance significantly affected soil C and N pools of Casuarina equisetifolia plantation, but had little effect on those of Eucalyptus urophylla × E. grandis plantation. Compared with the unburned stands, the Eucalyptus urophylla × E. grandis soils after fire disturbance had 13.5%, 27.7%, 2.9%, 13.7%, respectively, higher C and N stocks, DOC and MBC, and 51.3%, 14.7%, 58.0%, respectively, lower DON, MBN and mineral N. However, for the Casuarina equisetifolia plantation, mild fire disturbance decreased soil C and N stocks, DOC, DON, MBC, MBN, mineral N by 27.9%, 24.6%, 38.6%, 41.1%, 24.5%, 25.4%, 31.7%, respectively. Regression analysis indicated that soil pH was significantly correlated with NO3-N, DON and MBN. In conclusion, our study suggested that mild fire changes soil C and N pools through its effect on soil C and N stocks and labile C and N, and such effect depends on tree species.

参考文献/References:

1 Lal R. Forest soils and carbon sequestration [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2005, 220 (1/3): 242-258 2 周才平. 中国主要类型森林生态系统及区域单循环研究[D]. 北京: 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 2000 [Zhou CP. Regional Nitrogen Cycling of Forest Ecosystems in China [D]. Beijing: Geographic Science and Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2000] 3 Whitlock C, Higuera PE, McWethy DB, Briles CE. Paleoecological perspectives on fire ecology: revisiting the fire-regime concept [J]. Open Ecol J, 2010, 3: 6-23 4 Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, Linden PJ van der, Hanson CE. Climate change 2007: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability: working group Ⅱ contribution to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC intergovernmental panel on climate change [M]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007 5 Overpeck JT, Rind D, Goldberg R. Climate-induced change in forest disturbance and vegetation [J]. Nature, 1990, 343: 51-53 6 Wiedinmyer C, Hurteau MD. Prescribed fire as a means of reducing forest carbon emissions in the western United States [J]. Environ Sci Technol, 2010, 44 (6): 1926-1932. 7 Roman-Cuesta RM, Salinas N, Asbjornsen H, Oliveras I, Huaman V, Gutiérrez Y, Puelles L, Kala J, Yabar D, Rojas M, Astete R, Jordán DY, Silman M, Mosandl R, Weber M, Stimm B, Günter S, Knoke T, Malhi Y. Implications of fires on carbon budgets in Andean cloud montane forest: the importance of peat soils and tree resprouting [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2011, 261 (11):1987-1997 8 Boerner REJ, Giai C, Huang JJ, Miesel J R. Initial effects of fire and mechanical thinning on soil enzyme activity and nitrogen transformations in eight North American forest ecosystems [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2008, 40: 3017-3085 9 吕爱锋, 田汉勤. 气候变化、火干扰与生态系统生产力[J]. 植物生态学报, 2007, 31 (2): 242-251 [Lü AF, Tian HQ. Interaction among climatic change, fire disturbance and ecosystem productivity [J]. J Plant Ecol, 2007, 31 (2): 242-251] 10 郭剑芬, 杨玉盛, 陈光水, 刘乐中. 采伐和火烧对森林氮动态的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2008, 28 (9): 4460-4468 [Guo JF, Yang YS, Chen GS, Liu LZ. Effects of harvesting and burning on forest N dynamics [J]. Acta Ecol Sn, 2008, 28 (9): 4460-4468] 11 杨达, 吴志伟, 梁宇, 贺红士. 火干扰对森林碳库影响的量化研究进展[J]. 世界林业研究, 2015, 28 (1): 37-42 [Yang D, Wu ZW, Liang Y, He HS. Research progress on quantifying the influence of fire disturbance on forest carbon sink [J]. World For Res, 2015, 28 (1): 37-42] 12 韩春兰, 邵帅, 王秋兵, 李甄, 孙仲秀, 毛伟伟. 兴安落叶松林火干扰后土壤有机碳含量变化[J]. 生态学报, 2015, 35 (9): 3023-3033 [Han CL, Shao S, Wang QB, Li Z, Sun ZX, Mao WW. The variability of soil organic carbon content in Larix gmelinii forests after fire disturbances. Acta Ecol Sin, 2015, 35 (9): 3023-3033] 13 Hatten JA, Zabowski D, Ogden A, Thies W. Soil organic matter in a ponderosa pine forest with varying seasons and intervals of prescribed burn [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2008, 255 (7): 2555-2565 14 Certini G. Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: a review [J]. Oecologia, 2005, 143 (1): 1-10 15 Gonzalez-Qui?ones V, Stockdale EA, Banning NC, Hoyle FC, Sawada Y, Wherrett AD, Jones DL, Murphy DV. Soil microbial biomass-Interpretation and consideration for soil monitoring [J]. Soil Res, 2011, 49 (4): 287-304 16 刘占锋, 傅伯杰, 刘国华, 朱永官. 土壤质量与土壤质量指标及其评价[J]. 生态学报, 2006, 26 (3): 901-913 [Liu ZF, Fu BJ, Liu GH, Zhu YG. Soil quality: concept, indicators and its assessment [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2006, 26 (3): 901-913] 17 Magill AH, Aber JD. Dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen relationships in forest litter as affected by nitrogen deposition [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2000, 32 (5): 603-613 18 莫小香, 叶功富, 游水生, 何玉霜, 危伟, 黄买. 海岸退化沙地不同植被恢复模式的土壤微生物量及其土壤养分的关系[J]. 福建林学院学报, 2013, 33 (2): 16-150 [Mo XX, Ye GF, You SS, He YS, Wei W, Huang M. Soil microbial biomass and their relationships with soil nutrients in different vegetation restoration patterns on degraded coastal sand [J]. J Fujian Coll For, 2013, 33 (2): 146-150] 19 林宇, 何宗明, 丁国昌, 林思祖, 曹光球, 黄秀勇, 张勇. 闽东南沿海2种防护林土壤有机碳和全氮垂直分布[J]. 东北林业大学学报, 2015, 43 (9): 67-71 [Lin Y, He ZM, Ding GC, Lin SZ, Cao GQ, Zhang Y. Vertical distribution of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen under two shelterbelt forests in southeast coastal area of Fujian province, China [J]. J Northeast For Univ, 2015, 43 (9): 67-71] 20 秦富仓, 王玉霞. 林火原理[M]. 北京: 机械工业出版社, 2014: 15 [Qin FC, Wang YX. The Principle of Fire [M]. Beijing: China Machine Press, 2014: 15] 21 Curtin D, Wright CE, Beare MH, McCallum FM. Hot water-extractable nitrogen as an indicator of soil nitrogen availability [J]. Soil Sci Soc Am J, 2006, 70 (5): 1512- 1521 22 Johnson DW, Curtis PS. Effects of forest management on soil C and N storage: meta analysis [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2001, 140 (2/3): 227-238 23 Certini G. Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: a review [J]. Oecologia, 2005,143 (1):1-10 24 Kimmins JP. Forest Ecology [M]. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1987: 112-136 25 O’Connell AM. Litter decomposition, soil respiration and soil chemical and biochemical properties at three contrasting sites in kari (Eucalyptus diversicolor F. Muell. ) forests of south-western Australian [J]. J For Res, 1987, 12 (1): 31-40 26 耿玉清, 周荣伍, 李涛, 任云卯, 王晓辉. 北京西山地区林火对土壤性质的影响[J]. 中国水土保持科学, 2007, 5 (5): 66-70 [Geng YQ, Zhou RW, Li T, Ren YM, Wang XH. Influences of forest fire on soil properties in Xishan area of Beijing [J]. Sci Soil Water Conserv, 2007, 5 (5): 66-70] 27 Wang QK, Zhong MC, Wang SL. A mate-analysis on the response of microbial biomass, dissolved organic matter, respiration, and N mineralization in mineral soil to fire in forest ecosystems [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2012, 271: 91-97 28 孔健健, 杨健. 林火对大兴安岭落叶松林土壤性质的短期与长期影响[J]. 生态学杂志, 2014, 33 (6): 1445-1450 [Kong JJ, Yang J. Short-and long-term effects of fire on soil properties in a Dahurian larch forest in Great Xing’ an Mountains. Chin J Ecol, 2014, 33 (6): 1445-1450] 29 万晓华, 黄志群, 何宗明, 胡振宏, 余再鹏, 王民煌, 杨玉盛, 范少辉. 杉木采伐迹地造林树种转变对土壤可溶性有机质的影响[J]. 应用生态学报, 2014, 25 (1): 12-18 [Wan XH, Huang ZQ, He ZM, Hu ZH, Yu ZP, Wang MH, Yang YS, Fan SH. Effects of tree species transfer on soil dissolved organic matter pools in a reforested Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) woodland [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2014, 25 (1): 12-18] 30 万晓华, 黄志群, 何宗明, 余再鹏, 王民煌, 刘瑞强, 郑璐嘉. 改变碳输入对亚热带人工林土壤微生物生物量和群落组成的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2016, 36 (12): 2-9 [Wan XH, Huang ZQ, He ZM, Yu ZP, Wang MH, Liu RQ, Zheng LJ. Changes of above-and belowground carbon inpur affected soil microbial biomass and community composition in two tree species plantations in subtropical China [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2016, 36 (12): 1-9 ] 31 徐华勤, 章家恩, 冯丽芳, 全国明, 毛丹娟, 秦钟. 广东省不同土地利用方式对土壤微生物量碳氮的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2009, 29 (8): 4112-4118 [Xu HQ, Zhang JE, Feng LF, Quan GM, Mao DJ, Qin Z. Effects of different land use patterns in microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen in Guangdong Province [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2009, 29 (8): 4112-4118] 32 黄羌维, 陈由强. 滨海风沙地龙眼园土壤特性的研究[J]. 生态学报, 1994, 14 (2): 180-187 [Huang QW, Chen YQ. Study on the properties of coastal sandy soil in Euphoria Longana plantation [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 1994, 14 (2): 180-187] 33 庞学勇, 包维楷, 吴宁. 森林生态系统土壤可溶性有机质(碳)影响因素研究进展[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2009, 15 (3): 390-398 [Pang XY, Bao WK, Wu N. Influence factors of soil dissoluble organic matter (carbon) in forest ecosystems: a review [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2009, 15 (3): 390-398] 34 Lajthal K, Crow SE, Yano Y, Kaushal SS, Sulzman E. Sollins P. Spears JDH. Detrital controls on soil solution N and dissolved organic matter in soils: a field experiment [J]. Biogeochem, 2005, 76 (2): 26-281 35 郭剑芬, 杨玉盛, 陈光水, 伊云锋, 谢锦升. 火烧对森林土壤有机碳的影响研究进展[J]. 生态学报, 2015, 35 (9): 2800-2809 [Guo JF, Yang YS, Chen GS, Yi YF, Xie JS. A review of effects of fire on soil organic carbon in forests [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2015, 35 (9): 2800-2809] 36 Thibodeau L, Raymond P, Camiré C, Munson AD. Impact of precommercial thinning in balsam fir stands on soil nitrogen dynamics, microbial biomass, decomposition, and foliar nutrition [J]. Can J For Res, 2000, 30 (2): 229-238 37 Kalbitz K, Solinger S, Park JH, Michalzik B, Malzner E. Controls on the dynamics of dissolved organic matter in soils a review [J]. Soil Sci, 2000, 165 (4): 277-304 38 王利利, 董民, 张璐, 杜相革. 不同碳氮比有机肥对有机农业土壤微生物生物量的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2013, 21 (9): 1073-1077 [Wang LL, Dong M, Zhang L, Du XG. Effects of organic manures with different carbon-to-nitrogen ratios on soil microbial biomass of organic agriculture [J]. Chin J Eco-Agric, 2013, 21 (9): 1073-1077] 39 黄莉, 吴福忠, 杨万勤, 宋会兴, 陈良华, 谭波, 苟小林, 李志萍. 炼山及遮阳网覆盖对马尾松人工林土壤微生物生物量碳和氮的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2014, 20 (2): 261-267 [Huang L, Wu FZ, Yang WQ, Song HX, Chen LH, Tan B, Gou XL, Li ZP. Effects of controlled burning and sun-shading net covering on soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen in a Pinus massoniana plantation [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2014, 20 (2): 261-267] 40 赵彤, 蒋跃利, 闫浩, 黄懿梅, 安韶山. 黄土丘陵区不同坡向对土壤微生物生物量和可溶性有机碳的影响[J]. 环境科学, 2013, 34 (8): 3223-3230 [Zhao T, Jiang YL, Yan H, Huang YM, An SS. Effects of different aspects on soil microbial biomass and dissolved organic carbon of the loess hilly area [J]. Environ Sci, 2013, 34 (8): 3223-3230] 41 黄昌勇. 土壤学[M]. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 2000 [Huang CY. Soil Science [M]. Beijing: China Agricultural Press, 2000] 42 Cleveland CC, Liptzin D. C:N:P stoichiometry in soil: is there a “Redfield ratio” for the microbial biomass [J]? Biogeochemistry, 2007, 85 (3): 235-252 43 张敏, 胡海清. 林火对土壤氮含量的扰动作用[J]. 防护林科技, 2002, 53: 1-4 [Zhang M, Hu HQ. Disturbed effect of forest fire on nitrogen content of soil [J]. Prot For Sci Technol, 2002, 53: 1-4] 44 Grogan P, Bruns TD, Chapin Ⅲ FS. Fire effects on ecosystem nitrogen cycling in a Californian bishop pine forest [J]. Oecologia, 2000, 122 (4): 537-544 45 王果. 土壤学[M]. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 2009 [Wang G. Soil Science [M]. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 2009]

更新日期/Last Update: 2016-10-25