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[1]纪文婧 程小琴 韩海荣** 康峰峰 杨 杰 朱 江 赵 敬 白英辰 马俊勇.不同林龄华北落叶松人工林生物量及营养元素分布特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(02):277-284.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.09001]
 JI Wenjing,CHENG Xiaoqin,HAN Hairong**,et al.The biomass and nutrient distribution in Larix principis-ruppechtii Magyrplantations at different forest age*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(02):277-284.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.09001]
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不同林龄华北落叶松人工林生物量及营养元素分布特征()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
22卷
期数:
2016年02期
页码:
277-284
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2016-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
The biomass and nutrient distribution in Larix principis-ruppechtii Magyrplantations at different forest age*
作者:
纪文婧1 程小琴1 韩海荣1** 康峰峰1 杨 杰2 朱 江1 赵 敬1 白英辰1 马俊勇1
1 北京林业大学省部共建森林培育与保护教育部重点实验室 北京 1000832 山西省太岳山国有林管理局好地方林场 沁源 046505
Author(s):
JI Wenjing1 CHENG Xiaoqin1 HAN Hairong1** KANG Fengfeng1 YANG Jie2 ZHU Jiang1 ZHAO Jing1BAI Yingchen1 & MA Junyong1
1Key Laboratory of Ministry of Forest Cultivation and Conservation of Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China2Haodifang Forestry Station, Forestry Administration of Shanxi Taiyue Mountain, Qinyuan 046505, China
关键词:
华北落叶松林龄生物量营养元素积累与分配
Keywords:
Larix principis-ruppechtii Magyr forest age biomass nutrient elements accumulation and distribution
分类号:
S718.5
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.09001
摘要:
为揭示华北落叶松人工林的养分特征,以山西太岳山好地方林场3种林龄(15年生、26年生、40年生)华北落叶松人工林为研究对象,采用样地调查和实测生物量的方法,测定乔木层不同器官、林下植被层和凋落物层生物量、营养元素积累量和年存留量及土壤营养元素(C、N、P、K)含量. 结果显示:1)华北落叶松人工林的总生物量由林龄从小到大的顺序分别为61.89、175.81、163.15/t/hm2. 各层生物量分配规律为乔木层>凋落物层>草本层>灌木层. 2)华北落叶松人工林乔木层树皮中的C含量最高,树根最低;N、P、K含量中树叶最高,树干最低. 随着林龄增加,土壤中有机质和全N含量逐渐减少,全P和全K逐渐增加. 3)15年生、26年生和40年生华北落叶松人工林营养元素的总积累量分别为26.12 × 103、77.29 × 103、69.60 × 103 kg/hm2;随着林龄增加,林下植被层的营养元素积累量先增加后减小,凋落物层逐渐增加. 4)26年生华北落叶松人工林林木营养元素年存留量最高. 各器官中年存留量最高为树干,最低为树叶和树皮. 综上,与15年生和40年生相比,26年生华北落叶松人工林的生物量、营养元素积累量和年存留量较高,因此应定期对林龄较高的华北落叶松人工林进行间伐,使林下生境条件得到改善,林下植被多样性增加,达到维持华北落叶松人工林生态系统稳定和可持续经营的目的. (表7 参38)
Abstract:
This study aimed to interpret the nutrient utilization to provide theoretical basis for forest management throughinvestigating the biomass and the content, concentrations and distribution patterns of four nutrient elements (C, N, P and K) inLarix principis-ruppechtii Magyr plantations at the Haodifang Foresty Station of Taiyue Mountain, China. We investigatedthe biomass, the content, concentration of nutrient elements and annual nutrient retention in the layers of tree, shrub, grass,litter and soil in L. principis-ruppechtii plantations of different forest age (15-year-old, 26-year-old and 40-year-old). Theresults showed a total biomass of 61.89 t/hm2, 175.81 t/hm2 and 163.15 t/hm2 respectively in the L. principis-ruppechtiiplantation stands of 15, 26, and 40 years. The biomass was in the order of tree layer > litter layer > herb layer > shrub layer. Theconcentration of C in different components of L. principis-ruppechtii was in the order of bark > branch > leaves > stem > root.The concentrations of N, P and K was as leaves > branch > bark > root > stem. Soil organic matter and K decreased with standage, whereas the concentrations of N and P increased. The total nutrient retention among the three stands were 26.12 × 103kg/hm2, 77.29 × 103 kg/hm2 and 69.60 × 103 kg/hm2, respectively. With the stands growth, the nutrient accumulation decreasedin the forest floor layer, but increased in the the litter floor layer. The annual nutrient retention in 26-year-old L. principisruppechtiiplantations was the highest. Among all tree organs, the stem had the highest annual nutrient retention amountsbut the leaves and bark had the lowest. In contrast to the 15-year-old and 40-year-old plantations, 26-year-old L. principisruppechtiiplantations had higher biomass, concentration of nutrient elements and annual nutrient retention. For a stableecosystem and sustainable management, the L. principis-ruppechtii plantations of older ages should be thinned regularly toimprove the light, water and soil condition in the forest and increase vegetation diversity.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2016-04-25