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[1]史景宁 李 微 孟京辉**.海南岛热带原始天然林和次生林对比分析*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(22卷02):271-276.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.0728]
 SHI Jingning,LI Wei & MENG Jinghui**.A comparison between tropical primary and secondary forests on Hainan Island*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(22卷02):271-276.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.0728]
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海南岛热带原始天然林和次生林对比分析*()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
22卷
期数:
2016年22卷02期
页码:
271-276
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2016-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
A comparison between tropical primary and secondary forests on Hainan Island*
作者:
史景宁 李 微 孟京辉**
北京林业大学省部共建森林培育与保护教育部重点实验室 北京 100083
Author(s):
SHI Jingning LI Wei & MENG Jinghui**
Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation of Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
关键词:
原始天然林天然次生林物种组成林分结构物种多样性
Keywords:
primary forest secondary forest species composition forest structure species diversity
分类号:
S754.1
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.0728
摘要:
以海南岛生态关键区原始天然林和处于演替早期阶段的天然次生林为研究对象,对其物种组成、林分结构、 物种多样性进行对比分析,旨在为退化的天然次生林恢复提供必要依据. 结果显示: 原始天然林和天然次生林径阶结 构之间存在显著差异(P = 0.045);原始天然林、天然次生林的胸高断面积分别为(32.0 ± 7.9)m2/hm2、(6.4 ± 3.9)m2/ hm2,株数密度分别为(1 460 ± 310)/hm2、(81 ± 29)/hm2,原始天然林结构参数显著优于天然次生林(P < 0.05);原始 天然林Shannon指数(3.00 ± 0.30)显著高于天然次生林(2.16 ± 0.27)(P < 0.01);原始天然林物种丰富度(34 ± 5)极显 著高于天然次生林(16 ± 3)(P < 0.001);物种组成方面,PCoA排序分析、聚类分析表明两类森林之间相似度较低, Jaccard相似度系数为0.068. 本研究表明,两类森林在物种组成和林分结构上存在着巨大差异,40年的天然演替时间 远不够天然次生林恢复到理想的水平,应合理采取土壤改良、间伐等营林措施加速天然次生林自然演替的进程. (图 6 表2 参42)
Abstract:
This research investigated and compared the primary and secondary forests in the ecological core area of Hainan Island to provide information for forest restoration. The secondary forest was in the early successional stage, and the comparative analysis was about species composition, forest structure and species biodiversity. The result showed significant difference in diameter class structure between the primary forest and the secondary forest (P = 0.045). The basal area was 32.0 ± 7.9 m2/ hm2 for primary forest and 6.4 ± 3.9 m2/ hm2 for the secondary forest; the stem density was 1460 ± 310 n/ hm2 and 81 ± 29 n/ hm2, respectively for the two types of forest, with significant difference between (P < 0.05). The Shannon diversity index for primary forest (3.00 ± 0.30) was significantly different from that of secondary forest (2.16 ± 0.27) (P < 0.01). The species abundance for primary forest (34 ± 5) was much higher than that of secondary forest (16 ± 3) (P < 0.001). Regarding to species composition, PCoA ordination analysis and clustering analysis demonstrated low similarity between the tropical primary and secondary forests with the Jaccard similarity coefficient as 0.068. The results indicated differences in species composition and forest structure between the two types of forest. Forty years’ natural succession is far not enough for the secondary forest to restore to a reasonable level. The natural succession process can be accelerated for better restoration management.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2016-04-25