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[1]毛亚娟,卫海燕** 尚忠慧,朱俐南 桑满杰 顾 蔚,等.基于GIS与模糊物元模型的东北地区五味子 生境适宜性评价[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(22卷02):241-248.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.06015]
 MAO Yajuan,WEI Haiyan**,et al.Habitat suitability assessment of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. in northeast China based on GIS and fuzzy matter element model*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(22卷02):241-248.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.06015]
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基于GIS与模糊物元模型的东北地区五味子 生境适宜性评价()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
22卷
期数:
2016年22卷02期
页码:
241-248
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2016-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Habitat suitability assessment of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. in northeast China based on GIS and fuzzy matter element model*
作者:
毛亚娟1 2 卫海燕1** 尚忠慧1 2 朱俐南1 桑满杰1 顾 蔚2 3**
1陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院 西安 710062 2陕西师范大学西北濒危药材资源开发国家工程实验室 西安 710062 3陕西师范大学生命科学学院 西安 710062
Author(s):
MAO Yajuan1 2 WEI Haiyan1** SHANG Zhonghui1 2 ZHU Linan1 SANG Manjie1 & GU Wei2 3**
1College of Tourism and Environment, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China 2National Engineering Laboratory for Resource Development of Endangered Chinese Crude Drugs in Northwest of China, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China 3College
关键词:
五味子GISFuzzy最大信息熵生境适宜性评价空间分布
Keywords:
Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. GIS Fuzzy maximum information entropy habitat suitability assessment spatial distribution
分类号:
Q949.747.108 : R282
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.06015
摘要:
为评价东北地区五味子[Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill.]生境状况,确定各评价因子的最优值、阈值以及高适 宜生境面积和该生境中各评价因子的范围,结合资源调查报告、文献报道以及标本馆记录,获得集中于东北地区的87 个分布点,依据Fuzzy建立五味子果实中总木脂素含量与18个评价因子之间的模糊隶属函数,采用最大信息熵模型确 定评价因子的权重,利用GIS空间分析功能确定五味子在研究区的生境适宜性空间分布. 结果显示:五味子高适宜生 境占研究区面积的20.85%,主要集中于黑龙江西南部、吉林中部以及辽宁大部,年平均气温6.6-8.5 ℃,年降水量899- 943.57 mm,生长期平均气温18.69-20.99 ℃,生长期降水162.88-172.01 mm,海拔457-700 m,土壤pH值6.38-6.51,有机质 含量1.91%-2.24%,气候湿润,土层深厚,呈微酸性,且有机质含量较丰富,无积水的杂木林及阔叶林混交林. 本研究 表明基于Fuzzy及最大信息熵的模糊物元模型与GIS技术相结合可以准确对我国东北地区五味子生境适宜性作出科学 评价,可量化适宜生境面积及空间分布,为五味子药材道地性研究、药材标准化种植与质量评价以及资源保护和管理 提供数据和参考. (图2 表3 参35)
Abstract:
This research aimed to comprehensively assess the distribution of suitable habitats of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. in northeast China by investigating the evaluation factors and their relationship with lignan contents. We calculated the area and the range of evaluation factors of different habitats through species distribution model. Based on the 87 distribution points from resource investigation report, literature and specimen records, we assessed the habitat conditions of S.chinensis, the influence of evaluation factors on lignan contents, the optimum value, threshold value in study area and the range of evaluation factors in highly suitable area, by the fuzzy membership function, maximum entropy model and GIS space analysis function. The results showed that 20.85% of the study area was highly suitable habitat for Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill., mainly as shaw and broad-leaved mixed forest without ponds. These areas were mainly in the southwest of Heilongjiang, central section of Jilin and large parts of Liaoning, with humid climate, deep soil, slightly acidic and richer organic matter content. The areas had an annual average temperature of 6.6–8.5 °C, annual precipitation of 899–943.57 mm, average growing-season temperature of 18.69–20.99 °C, growing-season precipitation of 162.88–172.01 mm, an altitude of 457–700 m, pH value of 6.38–6.51, and organic matter content of 1.91%–2.24%. This research revealed that GIS technology combined with the fuzzy matter element model based on fuzzy and maximum entropy could make a scientific and accurate evaluation for S. chinensis habitat suitability in northeast China, quantify the suitable habitat area and spatial distribution. The results provide reference for the planting standardization and quality assessment of medicinal herbs in addition to the scientific basis for resources protection and management.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2016-04-25