|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]杨天雪,何春光,罗文泊,等.柳属植物特性及其在污染底泥修复中的应用研究进展[J].应用与环境生物学报,2015,21(05):837-841.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.01046]
 YANG Tianxue,HE Chunguang,LUO Wenbo,et al.Progress in study of Salix characteristics and its application in sediment phytoremediation[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2015,21(05):837-841.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.01046]
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柳属植物特性及其在污染底泥修复中的应用研究进展()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
21卷
期数:
2015年05期
页码:
837-841
栏目:
综述
出版日期:
2015-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Progress in study of Salix characteristics and its application in sediment phytoremediation
作者:
杨天雪 何春光 罗文泊 王天驰 盛连喜
东北师范大学环境学院国家环境保护湿地生态与植被恢复重点实验室 长春 130117
Author(s):
YANG Tianxue HE Chunguang LUO Wenbo WANG Tianchi SHENG Lianxi
State Environment Protection Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Vegetation Restoration, Northeastern Normal University, Changchun 130117, China
关键词:
柳属植物植物修复污染底泥生物学特征修复潜力
Keywords:
Salix phytoremediation contaminated sediment biological characteristics remediation potential
分类号:
X173
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.01046
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
污染底泥具有处置困难、污染严重并可引起上覆水体二次污染从而造成恶性循环等特点,植物修复是一种绿色环保、高效、对环境扰动少、易于被公众所接受的污染修复方式,柳属植物因具有生态幅宽以及易繁殖、生长快,尤其是较禾本科植物更加适合污染底泥修复的生物学特性,被选作植物修复材料而倍受关注. 本文在介绍和分析柳属植物特性及其环境适应力的生态学意义的基础上,重点梳理其对污染物的修复方式与机理,包括植物萃取(Phytoextraction)、植物转化(Phytotransformation)、植物固定(Phytostabilization)、植物降解(Phytodegradation)和植物挥发(Phytovolatilization)等. 进一步详述柳属植物在底泥修复中应用的国内外进展,在累积重金属、降解有机物和改变底泥性质等方面的作用研究说明其对污染底泥的修复具有很好的效果. 最后结合目前柳属植物研究中的一些问题和应用实践,建议未来应更注重野外试验、延长试验周期、开展修复植物群落优化配置的研究等.
Abstract:
For its difficulty in remediation and possibility of vicious spiral formation, contaminated sediment becomes a hot spot of recent pollution control study. Among all methods, phytoremediation is widely used in treatment of polluted sediment because of its high efficiency and sustainability. The fast-growing willow, a perennial woody plant with long vegetative season and great adaptation in harsh environments, has been suggested to be a low-cost and ecologically sound solution for the phytoremediation of contaminated sediment. This article introduces the characteristics of Salix and the ecological significance of Salix adaption to harsh environment, and reviews research progress and mechanisms including phytoextraction, phytotransformation, phytostabilization, phytodegradation and phytovolatilization of Salix. It also analyzes the effect of Salix in accumulating heavy metal, degrading organic matter and changing the characteristic of sediment, to point out the potential application of Salix in phytoremediation of polluted sediment. The article also puts forward the existing problems and possible solutions in phytoremediation by Salix of sediment, including paying more attention to field experiment, extending of the test cycle, emphasizing on optimal allocation of remediation plant communities.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家水体污染控制与治理重大科技专项子课题(2012ZX07201-001)资助 Supported by the China National Special Funds of Science and Technology for Control and Remediation of Water Pollution (2012ZX07201-001)
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-10-28