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[1]侯宁,戴强,冉江洪,等.大相岭山系泥巴山大熊猫生境廊道设计[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(06):1039-1045.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.06003]
 HOU Ning,DAI Qiang,RAN Jianghong,et al.A corridor design for the giant panda in the Niba Mountain of China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(06):1039-1045.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.06003]
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大相岭山系泥巴山大熊猫生境廊道设计()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
20卷
期数:
2014年06期
页码:
1039-1045
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2014-12-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
A corridor design for the giant panda in the Niba Mountain of China
作者:
侯宁 戴强 冉江洪 焦迎迎 程勇 赵成
1四川大学生命科学学院生物资源与生态环境教育部重点实验室 成都 610065 2中国科学院成都生物研究所. 成都 610041 3四川省荥经县林业局 荥经 625200
Author(s):
HOU Ning DAI Qiang RAN Jianghong JIAO Yingying CHEN Yong ZHAO Cheng
1Key Laboratory of Bio-Resources and Eco-environment of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China 2Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China 3Forestry Bureau of Yingjing County, Yingjing 625200, China
关键词:
大熊猫廊道栖息地Maxent模型大相岭
Keywords:
giant panda corridor habitat Maxent model Daxiangling Moutains
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.06003
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
生境廊道是促进基因交流,避免生物小种群灭绝的有效手段. 大相岭是现存大熊猫栖息地面积和数量都很少的山系,泥巴山是大相岭大熊猫核心种群与邛崃山大熊猫种群的关键连接区域. 为了探讨大熊猫生境廊道的设计方法,促进泥巴山廊道的建设,有效保护大熊猫栖息地,利用全国第三次大熊猫调查(2000-2001年)资料和2011-2012年的野外调查资料,采用Maxent模型、Linkage mapper廊道设计软件和最小成本路径法(Least-cost path,LCP),对大相岭泥巴山大熊猫生境廊道进行设计. 研究结果显示:所设计廊道位于海拔1 400-3 000 m,宽度设置为2 250 m,长度为15.76 km,面积为38.5 km2. 廊道内部植被以阔叶林、灌丛和针叶林为主;其中 74.19%的面积为相对适宜栖息地,25.29%的面积为不适宜栖息地,0.52%的面积为适宜栖息地. 本研究表明,廊道内部适宜栖息地所占的比例非常小,需要对廊道进行改造并加以保护,使不适宜的栖息地转变为适宜栖息地,保障大熊猫的顺利通行.
Abstract:
Habitat corridor is an effective way to enhance gene communication, and avoid extinction of small populations. The Niba Mountain, as a part of the Daxiangling Mountains, is the key area to connect the central populations of the giant panda in the Daxiangling Mountains with the populations in the Qionglai Mountains. In order to research the design method of the corridor for the giant panda and promote the construction of the Niba Mountain corridor, we designed a giant panda habitat corridor in the Niba Mountain based on the third national survey on the giant panda (2000-2001) and field survey data from 2011 to 2012. Maxent model, Linkage mapper corridor design software, and a least-cost path model (LCP) were used to design the corridor. The habitat corridor to build is 2 250 m in width and 15.76 km in length, covering an area of 38.5 km2 and distributing between the altitudes of 1 400 m and 3 000 m. Vegetation types of the corridor are mainly broad-leaved forests, shrubs, and coniferous forests. Most of the areas are moderately suitable and unsuitable habitat, accounting for 74.19% and 25.29%, respectively, of the total area. Only 0.52% is suitable habitat. Therefore, to ensure smooth passing-through of the giant panda, the designed corridor needs further transformation and protection to increase the area of suitable habitat.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家林业局国际合作项目和四川省林业厅四川省第四次大熊猫调查项目资助 Supported by the International Partnership Program of State Forestry Administration and the Forth Survey on the Giant Panda of Sichuan Forestry Department
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-01-05