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[1]毕京芳,黄钧,关梦龙,等. 微生物菌剂发酵中草药渣生产有机肥[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(05):840-845.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.03051]
 BI Jingfang,HUANG Jun,GUAN Menglong,et al. Composting Chinese herbal residues with inoculum of microbial agents to produce organic fertilizer[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(05):840-845.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.03051]
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 微生物菌剂发酵中草药渣生产有机肥()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
20卷
期数:
2014年05期
页码:
840-845
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2014-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
 Composting Chinese herbal residues with inoculum of microbial agents to produce organic fertilizer
作者:
 毕京芳 黄钧 关梦龙 何京钟
1中国科学院成都生物研究所,中国科学院环境与应用微生物重点实验室,四川省环境微生物重点实验室 成都 610041
2中国科学院大学 北京 100049
Author(s):
 BI Jingfang HUANG Jun GUAN Menglong HE Jingzhong
1Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Environmental Microbiology Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
关键词:
 中草药渣微生物菌剂好氧堆肥木质素纤维素
Keywords:
 Chinese herbal residue microbial agents aerobic composting lignin cellulose
分类号:
S141.4 : X787
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.03051
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
以中草药渣为堆肥原料,接入微生物菌剂模拟好氧堆肥,研究过程中理化性质的变化及接种对堆肥的影响,分析不同时期堆肥的温度、含水率、pH、纤维素、木质素、总干重、C/N、T值、有机质和种子发芽指数(GI). 结果表明,在不调pH(5.43)、C/N(21.76)和高含水率(73%)的条件下,接入微生物菌剂能提高堆肥的温度,加快水分挥发,快速启动纤维素和木质素的降解,提高木质素降解率,增加总氮含量. 接种组种子发芽率28 d就达到85%,比对照组高25%. 经过40 d发酵,接种组的木质素和纤维素降解率分别达到23.33%和63.09%,其中木质素降解率比对照组提高了40.43%. 堆肥的C/N降到了11.65,T值0.54,pH 7.08,GI 91.89%,有机质含量约80%,总养分和重金属含量均符合有机肥料标准(NY525-2012). 因此采用微生物菌剂发酵中草药渣生产有机肥是可行的,并且能加快堆肥的腐熟.
Abstract:
This research aimed to investigate the physical and chemical properties of Chinese herbal residues as composting materials and the effects of microbial agents on production of organic fertilizer. The temperature, moisture content, pH, cellulose content, lignin content, total dry weight, C/N, T value, organic matter and seed germination index of different composting period were measured and analyzed. The results showed that without adjusting the initial pH (5.43), C/N (21.76) and high moisture content (73%), inoculating microbial agents raised the compost temperature, reduced the moisture content, prompted cellulose and lignin degradation, increased the lignin degradation efficiency and total nitrogen content. The seed germination index of the inoculated group reached 85% on 28 d, which was 25% higher than that of the control group. The degradation efficiencies of cellulose and lignin were 23.33% and 63.09% on 40 d, respectively. Compared to the control group, the lignin degradation efficiency of the inoculated group was improved by 40.43%. At the same time, the compost showed a C/N rate of 11.65, T value of 0.54, pH of 7.08 and seed germination index 91.89%; the organic matter was about 80%. The total nutrient and heavy metals content also conformed to the standards of organic fertilizer (NY525-2012). The results indicated that it is feasible to compost Chinese herbal residues into organic fertilizer with microbial agents, which can effectively accelerate composting.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 四川省科技支撑计划项目资助 Supported by the Key Techno-logy R & D Program of Sichuan Province (2011FZ0122)
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-10-30