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[1]曾涛涛,李冬,谢水波,等.厌氧氨氧化菌微生物特性研究进展[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(06):1111-1116.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.03050]
 ZENG Taotao,LI Dong,XIE Shuibo,et al.A review on microbial properties of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) bacteria[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(06):1111-1116.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.03050]
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厌氧氨氧化菌微生物特性研究进展()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
20卷
期数:
2014年06期
页码:
1111-1116
栏目:
综述
出版日期:
2014-12-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
A review on microbial properties of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) bacteria
作者:
曾涛涛 李冬 谢水波 张杰
1南华大学污染控制与资源化技术湖南省高校重点实验室 衡阳 421001 2北京工业大学水质科学与水环境恢复工程北京市重点实验室 北京 100124 3南华大学铀矿冶生物技术国防重点学科实验室 衡阳 421001 4哈尔滨工业大学城市水资源与水环境国家重点实验室 哈尔滨 150090
Author(s):
ZENG Taotao LI Dong XIE Shuibo ZHANG Jie
1Hunan Province Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse Technology, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China 2Key Laboratory of Beijing for Water Quality Science and Water Environment Recovery Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China 3Key Discipline Laboratory for National Defense of Biotechnology in Uranium Mining and Hydrometallurgy, University of South China, Hengyang 421001,China 4State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
关键词:
厌氧氨氧化菌生物脱氮微生物特性环境因子污水处理
Keywords:
anaerobic ammonium oxidation bacteria biological nitrogen removal microbial properties environmental factor wastewater treatment
分类号:
X703.1 : X172
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.03050
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
与传统硝化反硝化生物脱氮技术相比,厌氧氨氧化(ANAMMOX)技术是一种节能降耗的新型生物脱氮技术. ANAMMOX菌是化能自养菌,具有独特的生理生化特性及生物脱氮机理,已成为污水生物脱氮中的研究热点. 本文总结了环境生态因子,包括基质浓度、温度和pH、溶解氧及有机物对ANAMMOX菌活性的影响;介绍ANAMMOX菌独特的细胞结构、生理生化特征及生态分布特征;介绍氮素转换的中心分解代谢途径及电子传递系统,解释ANAMMOX生物脱氮机理;着重介绍分子生物学技术,包括荧光原位杂交(FISH)、变性梯度凝胶电泳(DGGE)、荧光定量PCR及宏基因组技术在ANAMMOX菌群落结构解析、生态分布及基因功能检测中的应用. 未来还需要对ANAMMOX菌的适宜生长条件、生长代谢途径等进行深入研究,以期全面认识ANAMMOX菌的生命活动规律,为改善其生长弊端、扩大工艺在污水处理中的应用提供理论基础.
Abstract:
Compared with the conventional nitrification/denitrification process, anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing (ANAMMOX) process was considered to be a promising new and sustainable process for nitrogen removal. ANAMMOX bacteria belong to the chemoautotrophic microbe, one of the research hotspots in wastewater treatment because of their specificities in physiology and metabolism. This paper summarizes the effects of environmental and ecological factors on the activity of ANAMMOX bacteria, including the substrate concentration, temperature and pH, dissolved oxygen and organic compounds. It also introduces the unique cell structure, physiological and biochemical characteristics and ecological distribution of ANAMMOX. Hypothetical scheme is shown as a combination of the central catabolism of ANAMMOX bacteria together with the nitrate reductase to generate low-redox-potential electrons for the acetyl-CoA pathway, contributing to understanding biological nitrogen removal mechanism of ANAMMOX process. Fast-developing molecular biological techniques, such as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), denaturant gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), quantitative real-time PCR and metagenomic technology, provide us a convenient way to study ANAMMOX bacterial properties, including microbial community analysis, ecological distribution and functional genes test. With the development of theories and methods on molecular biology, new technologies including metagenomics and metaproteomics will provide more accurate information of ANAMMOX bacterial microbial properties, which will contribute to comprehensive understand of ANAMMOX activities and overcome the drawbacks of slow growth rate, and further expand ANAMMOX applications in wastewater treatment.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金项目(51408293)、中国博士后基金面上项目(2014M562114)、湖南省教育厅优秀青年项目(14B154)、南华大学博士科研启动基金资助项目(2013XQD10)和南华大学大学生创新试验项目资助 Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51408293), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2014M562114), the Educational Commission of Hunan Province in China (No. 14B154), the Research Fund for Doctoral Program of University of South China (2013XQD10) and the Undergraduate Innovative Research Training Program of University of South China
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-01-06