|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]张美文,李波,王勇,等.洞庭湖区退田还湖区域草本植物群落多样性特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(03):434-443.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00434]
 ZHANG Meiwen,LI Bo,WANG Yong,et al.Characteristics of Species Diversity of Herb Community in the Polder of Returning Farmland to Lake in the Dongting Lake Region[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(03):434-443.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00434]
点击复制

洞庭湖区退田还湖区域草本植物群落多样性特征()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
19卷
期数:
2013年03期
页码:
434-443
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2013-06-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics of Species Diversity of Herb Community in the Polder of Returning Farmland to Lake in the Dongting Lake Region
作者:
张美文李波王勇蒋道松黄璜侯志勇
(1中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所,亚热带农业生态过程重点实验室,洞庭湖湿地生态研究站 长沙 410125)
(2湖南农业大学 长沙 410128)
Author(s):
ZHANG MeiwenLI BoWANG YongJIANG DaosongHUANG HuangHOU Zhiyong
(1Dongting Lake Station for Wetland Ecosystem Research, Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha 410125, China)
(2Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China)
关键词:
草本植被群落退田还湖洞庭湖区物种多样性演替
Keywords:
herb community Return Farmland to Lake Dongting Lake region diversity of species succession
分类号:
Q948.1 (264)
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00434
摘要:
为了解洞庭湖区退田还湖区域小兽群落演替相适应的植被群落,于2005和2009年调查了洞庭湖区不同生境类型(未退农田、单退农田、双退垸和成熟湖滩生境)的草本植被群落,比较了其物种多样性特征. 结果显示,单退垸农田生境与未退农田生境基本相似,从物种数、优势集中指数、多样性指数和均匀性指数看,基本没有显著性差异,维持原有农田生境的特征. 而双退垸生境,与原有农田相比,草本植物群落已有较大变化,物种数减少,多样性指数降低;与成熟湖滩草地相比,也有显著性差异,且季节变化明显. 在刚退水时,与成熟湖滩草地群落更为相似,但到春季,被淹没前,又与农田生境更接近. 因此认为目前双退垸的草本植被群落正处于演替的中间形态,处于演替过程之中. 比较2005和2009年的数据,可以看出,双退垸植被虽与湖滩的终极群落特征有一点距离,但物种多样指标4年间变化不大,目前处于较慢的演替变化阶段.
Abstract:
In order to understand the species diversity of herb community which small mammals would depend on in the area of “Returning Farmland to Lake” in the Dongting Lake region, field investigation were conducted in 2005 and 2009 in different habitats, including farmland, single restoration polders (SRP), reconverted beach from farmland (RBF) and aboriginal beach. The species abundance, dominant concentration index, Shannon-Weiner diversity index and evenness index by Pielou were compared. Results indicated that herb community in SRP was still similar to the characteristic of species diversity of the normal farmland. However, herb community in RBF changed significantly, where species abundance became less than that in the normal farmland, and at the same time, differed from that in the beach (climax herb community adapted to submergence in summer). The characteristics of herb community in RBF swung among seasons, more like that in original beach in autumn after flooding withdrawal, but more like that in farmland in spring before flooding submergence. Therefore it was concluded that the herb community was being in succession procession from farmland to beach. Comparison of data from 2005 and 2009 showed that the succession of herb community was in the low speed stage.

参考文献/References:

姜加虎, 张琛, 黄群, 邓学建. 洞庭湖退田还湖及其生态恢复过程分析. 湖泊科学, 2004, 16 (4): 325-330 [Jiang JH, Zhang C, Huang Q, Deng XJ. Analysis on the restoration and ecological recovery of Dongting Lake by stopping cultivation [J]. J Lake Sci, 2004, 16 (4): 325-330]
陶卫春, 王克林, 陈洪松, 张明阳. 退田还湖工程对洞庭湖生态承载力的影响评价[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2007, 15 (3): 155-160 [Tao WC, Wang KL, Chen HS, Zhang MY. Evaluation of ecological carrying capacity of “re-submerging polders” of Dongting Lake [J]. Chin J Eco-Agric, 2007, 15 (3): 155-160]
杨刚, 谢永宏, 陈心胜, 侯志勇, 李峰. 洞庭湖区退田还湖后不同恢复模式下土壤酶活性的变化[J]. 应用生态学报, 2009, 20 (9): 2187-2192 [Yang G, Xie YH, Chen XS, Hou ZY, Li F. Soil enzyme activities under different restoration modes after returning farmland to lake in Dongting Lake area [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2009, 20 (9): 2187-2192]
杨刚, 谢永宏, 陈心胜, 李峰, 任波, 秦先燕. 退田还湖后洞庭湖区土壤颗粒组成和化学特性的变化[J]. 生态学报, 2009, 29 (12): 6392-6400 [Yang G, Xie YH, Chen XS, Li F, Ren B, Qin XY. Changes of soil particle composition and chemical characteristics after “returning farmland to lake” in the Dongting Lake area [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2009, 29 (12): 6392-6400]
任勃, 李峰, 谢永宏, 陈心胜, 侯志勇, 李旭. 洞庭湖区不同退田还湖模式下湿地植被恢复特征的比较[J]. 湖泊科学, 2011, 23 (3): 389-394 [Ren B, Li F, Xie YH, Chen XS, Hou ZY, Li X. Comparation between the characteristic of wetland vegetations under different restoration modes after returning farmland to lake in the Lake Dongting area [J]. J Lake Sci, 2011, 23 (3): 389-394]
刘娜, 王克林, 谢永宏, 杨刚, 段亚锋. 洞庭湖湿地土壤环境及其对退田还湖方式的响应[J]. 生态学报, 2011, 31 (13): 3758-3766 [Liu N, Wang KL, Xie YH, Yang G, Duan YF. Characteristics of the soil environment of Dongting Lake wetlands and its response to the converting farmland to lake project [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2011, 31 (13): 3758-3766]
邓学建, 王斌, 米小其, 周毅. 退田还湖对洞庭湖鸟类群落结构的影响[J]. 长江流域资源与环境, 2006, 15 (5): 588-592 [Deng XJ, Wang B, Mi XQ, Zhou Y. Impacts of reimbursement cropland for lakes in avifauna community [J]. Resour Environ Yangtze Basin, 2006, 15 (5): 588-592]
张美文, 王勇, 李波. 洞庭湖区东方田鼠2007年暴发成灾的原因剖析[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2007, 28: 601-605 [Zhang MW, Wang Y, Li B. Analysis on causes of population outbreak of Microtus fortis in Dongting Lake region in 2007 [J]. Res Agric Mod, 2007, 28: 601-605]
谢春花, 王克林, 陈洪松, 张明阳, 柳易林. 湿地功能变化与生态系统管理——以洞庭湖区双退垸为例[J]. 农村生态环境, 2005, 21 (3): 6-10 [Xie CH, Wang KL, Chen HS, Zhang MY, Liu YL. Functional variation of wetlands and managemen t of wetland ecosystem—a case study of the Dongting Lake Region [J]. Rural Eco-Environ, 2005, 21 (3): 6-10]
张美文, 王勇, 李波, 黄璜, 陈剑, 韩立亮. 洞庭湖不同退田还湖类型区东方田鼠和黑线姬鼠繁殖特性[J]. 兽类学报, 2009, 29: 396-405 [Zhang MW, Wang Y, Li B, Huang H, Chen J, Han LL. Reproduction characteristics of striped field mouse (Apodemus agrarius) and Yangtze voles (Microtus fortis) in the polder of return farmland back into lake in Dongting Lake region [J]. Acta Theriol Sin, 2009, 29: 396-405]
张美文, 李波, 王勇, 郭聪. 洞庭湖区退田还湖过程中小型兽类的生态位特征[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2012, 18 (2): 177-185 [Zhang MW, Li B, Wang Y, Guo C. Niche characteristics of small mammal during process of returning cropland back into lake in Dongting Lake region [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2012, 18 (2): 177-185]
Hutcheson K. A test for comparing diversities based on Shannon formula [J]. J Theor Biol, 1970, 29: 151-154
吴林, 张美文, 李波. 洞庭湖区东方田鼠的食物组成调查[J]. 兽类学报, 1998, 18 (4): 282-291 [Wu L, Zhang MW, Li B. Studies on the food composition of Microtus fortis in Dongting Lake area [J]. Acta Theriol Sin, 1998, 18 (4): 282-291]
雍仲禹, 张美文, 郭聪, 王勇, 李波, 朱俊霞. 洞庭湖区东方田鼠夏季迁移期在防洪堤坝上的食性[J]. 中国媒介生物学及控制杂志, 2012, 23 (1): 10-14 [Yong ZY, Zhang MW, Guo C, Wang Y, Li B, Zhu JX. Summer migration feeding habits of Microtus fortis at Dongting Lake dam [J]. Chin J Vector Biol Control, 2012a, 23 (1): 10-14]
雍仲禹, 张美文, 郭聪, 王勇, 李波, 朱俊霞, 杨玉超, 徐正刚. 洞庭湖区黑线姬鼠食性调查[J]. 动物学杂志, 2012b, 47 (3): 115-121 [Yong ZY, Zhang MW, Guo C, Wang Y, Li B, Zhu JX, Yang YC, Xu ZG. Dietary habit of Apodemus agrarius in Dongting Lake area [J]. Chin J Zool, 2012b, 47 (3): 115-121]
李倩, 曾光明, 黄国和, 张硕辅, 焦胜, 曾涛, 王玲玲, 熊樱, 何静. 三峡工程对洞庭湖水力梯度及其湿地植物生长的影响[J]. 安全与环境学报, 2005, 5 (1): 12-15 [Li Q, Zeng GM, Huang GH, Zhang SF, Jiao S, Zeng T, Wang LL, Xiong Y, He J. Effects of Three-Gorge Project on hydraulic gradient and vegetation growth in Dongting Lake wetland [J]. J Saf Environ, 2005, 5 (1): 12-15]
谢永宏, 陈心胜. 三峡工程对洞庭湖湿地植被演替的影响[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2008, 29 (6): 684-687 [Xie YH, Chen XS. Effects of Three-Gorge Project on succession of wetland vegetation in Dongting Lake [J]. Res Agric Mod, 2008, 29 (6): 684-687]

相似文献/References:

[1]张美文,李波,王勇,等.洞庭湖区退田还湖过程中小型兽类的生态位特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2012,18(02):177.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00177]
 ZHANG Meiwen,LI Bo,WANG Yong,et al.Niche Characteristics of Small Mammal During Process of Returning Cropland back into Lake in Dongting Lake Region[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2012,18(03):177.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00177]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金项目(30870402)和中国科学院院知识创新重要方向项目(KSCX-EW-N-05)资助
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-06-20