|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]马莉,贾辉,殷秀琴,等.蚯蚓在处理活性污泥过程中的生长繁殖[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(01):147-151.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00147]
 MA Li,JIA Hui,YIN Xiuqin,et al.Growth and Propagation of Earthworm in Activated Sewage Sludge Treatment[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(01):147-151.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00147]
点击复制

蚯蚓在处理活性污泥过程中的生长繁殖()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
19卷
期数:
2013年01期
页码:
147-151
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2013-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Growth and Propagation of Earthworm in Activated Sewage Sludge Treatment
作者:
马莉贾辉殷秀琴王毅彰
(1东北师范大学城市与环境科学学院 长春 130024)
(2赤峰学院资源与环境科学学院 赤峰 024000)
(3哈尔滨第162中学 哈尔滨 150060)
(4吉林省动物资源保护与利用重点实验室 长春 130024)
(5安阳师范学院 安阳 455002)
Author(s):
MA LiJIA HuiYIN XiuqinWANG Yizhang
(1School of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China)
(2Resources and Environment Sciences Department, Chifeng University, Chifeng 024000, Inner Mongolia, China)
(3Harbin No. 162 Middle School, Harbin 150060, China)
(4Jilin Key Laboratory of Animal Resource Conservation and Utilization, Changchun 130024, China)
(5Anyang Normal University, Anyang 455002, Henan, China)
关键词:
赤子爱胜蚓活性污泥生长繁殖
Keywords:
Eisenia foetida activated sewage sludge growth propagation
分类号:
Q959.193.8 : X703
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00147
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
利用蚯蚓处理污泥、畜禽粪便、植物残体、工业废弃物等已经成为当前有机废弃物资源化利用的有效实例,而处理过程中蚯蚓的生长繁殖变化对有效利用蚯蚓具有重要意义. 研究了污水厂活性污泥及污泥与牛粪不同比例条件对蚯蚓平均增重、生长率、日增重倍数、产茧量和蚓茧孵化率等生长繁殖指标的影响. 污泥和牛粪分别以1:1、2:1、3:1、4:1、5:1和1:0的比例混合喂养赤子爱胜蚓(Eisenia foetida),每个配比4个重复,共计24个样品(盆). 每盆基质干物质量为500 g. 实验期为60 d. 结果表明:在污泥所占比例较大的处理中蚯蚓生长较好,增重较多;污泥所占比例较小的处理则较利于蚯蚓繁殖;其中4:1配比条件下蚯蚓的体重[(17.55±0.30) g]是处理中的最大值,而且平均增重[(354.70±35.30) mg/条]最多,生长率也较高,因此最适合蚯蚓生长. Duncan多重比较结果表明1:1与其他配比条件下蚯蚓总产茧量之间存在显著差异,蚯蚓周产茧量、总产茧量[(538.5±28.3)个]最多,蚓茧孵化率(89.2%)较高,最适合蚯蚓繁殖.
Abstract:
The technique of using earthworm to clean up sewage sludge, animal feces, plant residue and industrial wastes is an effective way to treat organic solid wastes for recycling. Furthermore, the growth and propagation of earthworm is the key factor for the treatment process. In this study, the variance of earthworms’ average increased weight, rate of growth, multiple of average increased weight per day, cocoon production and hatchability of cocoon were collected in different proportions of sewage sludge to cattle. Samples of Eisenia foetida were fed by sewage sludge and cattle dung with the proportions of 1:1, 2:1, 3:1, 4:1, 5:1 and 1:0 with 4 repeated tests, respectively. Totally 24 treatments lasting 60 days were checked in our experiment, and the dry weight of each treatment were 500 g. The results indicated that the growing environment with a higher proportion of sewage sludge to cattle dung was more beneficial to the growth of E. foetida, but the rearing condition with a lower proportion of sewerage sludge to cattle dung was more beneficial to the propagation of E. foetida. The indices of the weight [(17.55±0.30) g], average increased weight [(354.70±35.30) mg], and rate of growth were all the largest when sewage sludge and cattle dung were mixed with a 4:1 proportion, and the fastest growth of E. foetida was also observed in 4:1. Additionally, the total cocoon production of 1:1 ratio of sewage sludge to cattle dung was significantly different to the vales of other groups (Duncan’s multiple range test at 5% level). The cocoon production each week, the number of total cocoon (538.5±28.3) and hatchability of cocoon (89.2%) in 1:1 were larger than the others, which suggesting that the 1:1 ratio of sewage sludge to cattle dung was the optimum condition to the propagation of earthworms.

参考文献/References:

1 Yin XQ, Song B, Dong WH, Xin WD. A review on the eco-geography of soil fauna in China [J]. J Geogr Sci, 2010, 20 (3): 333-346
2 董炜华, 殷秀琴. 蚯蚓对不同阔叶落叶的摄食作用[J]. 动物学报, 2007, 53 (1): 69-75 [Dong WH, Yin XQ. Earthworms’ ingestion on different broad-leafed litters [J]. Acta Zool Sin, 2007, 53 (1): 69-75]
3 张宝贵, 李贵桐, 申天寿. 威廉环毛蚯蚓对土壤微生物量及活性的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2000, 20 (1): 168-172 [Zhang BG, Li GT, Shen TS. Influence of the earthworm Pheretima guillelmi on soil microbial biomass and activity [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2000, 20 (1): 168-172]
4 Hartenstein R. Utilization of Soil Organisms in Sludge Management [M]. Virginia: National Technical Information Service, 1978
5 Hartenstein R, Hartenstein F. Physicochemical changes affected in activated sludge by the earthworm Eiseniafoetida [J]. J Environ Qual, 1981, 10: 372-376
6 孙新利, 陈彦. 利用蚯蚓处理剩余活性污泥的研究[J]. 化工环保, 1991, 11: 200-204 [Sun XL, Chen Y. Study on excess sludge treatment by earthworms [J]. Environ Prot Chem Ind, 1991, 11: 200-204]
7 Elvira C, Goicoechea M, Sampdro L, Mato S, Nogales R. Bioconversion of solid paper-pulp mill sludge by earthworms [J]. Bioresour Technol, 1996, 75: 173-177
8 Maboeta MS, Rensburg L. Vermicomposting of industrially produced woodchips and sewage sludge utilizing Eisenia fetida [J]. Ecotox Environ Saf, 2003, 56(2): 265-270
9 Kaushik P, Garg VK. Dynamics of biological and chemical parameters during vermicomposting of solid textile mill sludge mixed with cow dung and agricultural residues [J]. Bioresour Technol, 2004, 94: 203-209
10 Lee KE. Earthworms: Their Ecology and Relationships with Soil and Land Use [M]. Australia: Acdemic Press, 1985
11 Edwards CA. Earthworm Ecology [M]. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 1998
12 Elvira C, Sampedro L, Benitez E, Nogales R. Vermicomposting of sludges from paper mill and dairy industries with Eisenia Andrei: a pilot scale study [J]. Bioresour Technol, 1998, 63: 205-211
13 陈玉成, 皮广洁, 黄伦先, 丁德蓉, 杨勇. 城市生活垃圾蚯蚓处理的因素优化及其重金属富集研究[J]. 应用生态学报, 2003, 14 (11): 2006-2010 [Chen YC, Pi GJ, Huang LX, Ding DR,Yang Y. Factor optimization for municipal domestic wastes treatment by earthworms and its concentration of heavy metals [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2003, 14 (11): 2006-2010]
14 白春节. 低繁殖量蚯蚓养殖法处理剩余污泥的可行性研究[J]. 安全与环境学报, 2006, 6 (6): 9-12 [Bai CJ. Feasibility study on municipal excess sludge treatment by cultivating low-multiplication rate earthworms [J]. J Saf Environ, 2006, 6 (6): 9-12]
15 辛未冬. 利用蚯蚓对长春地区两种农业废弃物分解作用研究[D].长春: 东北师范大学, 2006 [Xin WD. Study on decomposition of earthworm to two kinds of agricultural wastes in Changchun [D]. Changchun: Northeast Normal University, 2006]
16 杨文霞, 郑金伟, 李志鹏, 刘强, 胡锋, 李辉信. 果皮、菜叶混合垃圾的蚯蚓堆制处理[J]. 生态与农村环境学报, 2006, 22 (2): 49-53 [Yang WX, Zhen JW, Li ZP, Liu Q, Hu F, Li HX. Vermicomposting of mixed waste of pericarp and vegetable offal using Eisenia foetida [J]. J Ecol Rural Environ, 2006, 22 (2): 49-53]
17 Silvia M, Contreras R, Dioselina A´B, Luc D. Characteristics of earthworms (Eisenia fetida) in PAHs contaminated soil amended with sewage sludge or vermicompost [J]. Appl Soil Ecol, 2009, 41 (3): 269-276
18 杨敬辉, 张松林. 蚯蚓堆肥污泥研究述评[J]. 湖北农业科学, 2011, 50 (9): 1729-1730 [Yang JH, Zhang SL. Progresses in vermicomposting of sluges [J]. Hubei Agric Sci, 2011, 50 (9): 1729-1730]
19 赖发英, 周颖, 王国峰, 陈文姬, 杨林, 余跑兰. 蚯蚓对农村有机生活垃圾分解处理的研究[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2011, 30 (7): 1450-145 [Lai FY, Zhou Y, Wang GF, Chen WJ, Yang L, Yu PL. Earthworm decomposing organic solid waste in rural areas [J]. J Agro-Environ Sci, 2011, 30 (7): 1450-145]
20 Liu XL, Hu CX, Zhang SZ. Effects of earthworm activity on fertility and heavy metal bioavailability in sewage sludge [J]. Environ Int, 2005, 31: 874-879
21 Zhao LM, Wang YY, Yang J, Xing MY, Li XW, Yi DH, Deng DH. Earthworm–microorganism interactions: A strategy to stabilize domestic wastewater sludge [J]. Water Res, 2010, 44 (8): 2572-2582
22 白春节. 城市剩余活性污泥直接饲养蚯蚓可行性研究[J]. 微生物学通报, 2007, 34 (1): 116-118 [Bai CJ. Feasibility study on earthworm feed directly on excess sludge [J]. Microbiology, 2007, 34 (1): 116-118]
23 Elvira C, Sampedro L, Dominguez J, Mato S. Vermicomposting of wastewater sludge from paper-pulp industry with nitrogen rich materials [J]. Soil Biol &Biochem, 1997, 29 (3/4): 759-762
24 Garg VK, Kaushik P. Vermistabilization of textile mill sludge spiked with poultry droppings by an epigeic earthworm Eisenia foetida [J]. Bioresour Technol, 2005, 96: 1063-1071
25 Kaushik P, Garg VK. Vermicomposting of mixed solid textile mill sludge and cow dung with the epigeic earthworm Eisenia foetida [J]. Bioresour Technol, 2003, 90: 311-316
26 Gupta R, Garg VK . Stabilization of primary sewage sludge during vermicomposting [J]. J Hazard Mater, 2008, 153: 1023-1030

相似文献/References:

[1]高平平,陈迎春,刘彬彬,等.原废水培养基分离活性污泥中的苯酚降解细菌[J].应用与环境生物学报,2003,9(02):189.
 GAO Pingping,et al..Isolation of novel phenoldegrading bacteria from activated sludge using feed water medium (FWM)[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2003,9(01):189.
[2]周可新,许木启,曹宏,等.活性污泥系统原生动物多样性动态及其与运转效能的关系[J].应用与环境生物学报,2007,13(06):840.
 ZHOU Kexin,et al..Dynamics of Protozoa Diversity and Their Relationship with Performance of Activated Sludge System[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2007,13(01):840.
[3]金敏,赵祖国,王景峰,等.活性污泥宏基因组芯片DNA的制备方法[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(02):245.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00245]
 JIN Min,ZHAO Zuguo,WANG Jingfeng,et al.DNA Extraction from Activated Sludge for Metagenomic Array[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(01):245.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00245]
[4]翟思媛,王亚娥,魏志勇,等.兼氧/厌氧条件下pH和温度对活性污泥异化还原Fe(Ⅲ)的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(06):1040.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.01040]
 ZHAI Siyuan,WANG Yae WEI Zhiyong,LI Jie.Effects of pH and Temperature on the Dissimilatory Reduction of Fe(Ⅲ) by Activated Sludge under Anoxic/anaerobic Condition[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(01):1040.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.01040]
[5]胡少达,郭锦,邹少兰,等.宏蛋白质组学在活性污泥研究中的应用[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(22卷04):725.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.11009]
 HU Shaoda,GUO Jin,ZOU Shaolan,et al.Application of metaproteomics in study of activated sludge*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(01):725.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.11009]
[6]岳士忠,张慧琦,黄财德,等.不同基质及硒添加量对蚯蚓生长、繁殖和富硒能力的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(04):885.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.10014]
 YUE Shizhong,ZHANG Huiqi,HUANG Caide,et al.Effects of different culture materials and selenium contents on the growth, reproduction, and tissue selenium enrichment of the earthworm Eisenia fetida[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(01):885.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.10014]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
吉林省环保局项目、国家环境保护总局项目、国家自然科学基金项目(40871120)和东北师范大学测试中心基金项目资助 Supported by the Program from Environmental Protection Bureau of Jilin, China, the Program from State Environmental Protection Administration of China, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40871120), and the Foundation from Test Center of Northeast Normal University
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-02-26