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[1]游巍斌,林巧香,何东进,等.天宝岩自然保护区森林景观格局与环境关系的尺度效应分析[J].应用与环境生物学报,2011,17(05):638-644.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00638]
 YOU Weibin,LIN Qiaoxiang,HE Dongjin,et al.Scale Effect of Relationship Between Forest Landscape Pattern and Environmental Factors in the Tianbaoyan Nature Reserve, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2011,17(05):638-644.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00638]
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天宝岩自然保护区森林景观格局与环境关系的尺度效应分析()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
17卷
期数:
2011年05期
页码:
638-644
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2011-10-24

文章信息/Info

Title:
Scale Effect of Relationship Between Forest Landscape Pattern and Environmental Factors in the Tianbaoyan Nature Reserve, China
作者:
游巍斌林巧香何东进游惠明洪伟覃德华朱乃新刘进山蔡昌棠
(1福建农林大学林学院 福州 350002)
(2河南科技大学农学院 洛阳 471003)
(3福建永安天宝岩国家级自然保护区 永安 366032)
Author(s):
YOU WeibinLIN QiaoxiangHE DongjinYOU HuimingHONG WeiQIN DehuaZHU NaixinLIU JinshanCAI Changtang
(1Forest College, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China)
(2Agricultural College, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471003, China)
(3Tianbaoyan National Nature Reserve, Yong’an 366032, Fujian, China)
关键词:
森林景观格局环境因子CCA尺度效应天宝岩国家级自然保护区
Keywords:
forest landscape pattern environmental factor CCA scale effect Tianbaoyan National Nature Reserve
分类号:
Q948.1
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00638
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为揭示景观格局内演机制,在3S技术平台支撑下,借助TM遥感像图、植被分类图和二类调查数据,并引入CCA(Canonical Correspondence Analysis)排序方法,对天宝岩森林景观格局与环境的关系及其尺度效应进行定量分析. 结果表明:随着取样尺度的递减,排序轴各特征值之和呈增大趋势,依次为:3.137、3.349、3.484、4.660及4.848;而累积景观–环境解释量和景观–环境相关系数皆呈先增后减的趋势,分别在scale3和scale2达到最大;景观类型分布呈现较为明显的纬度梯度变化规律(纬度与第一轴的相关系数:-0.2019~-0.3789)和垂直分布规律(海拔与第一轴的相关系数:-0.3218~-0.4760),其中沿纬度梯度上分布的景观类型依次为:竹林、落叶阔叶林、针阔混交林、农田、常绿阔叶林、山顶矮曲林、常绿针叶林、泥潭藓沼泽、灌草丛;在较低海拔上分布的景观类型主要有竹林和农田,在较高海拔上分布着泥潭藓沼泽、灌草丛和山顶矮曲林;景观格局与环境关系具有尺度效应,环境因子对景观格局分布的影响程度随着尺度的变化而变化. 图2 表2 参36
Abstract:
Analyzing on the relationship between environmental elements and landscape pattern contributes to the changing mechanism of landscape pattern. Based on TM image, topographic map and the second class investigation, and by means of 3S technology, the relationships between forest landscape pattern and environment factors were analyzed quantitatively with CCA (Canonical Correspondence Analysis) in the Tianbaoyan National Natural Reserve, China. The results showed that the total Eigen value of ordination axes were 3.137, 3.349, 3.484, 4.660 and 4.848, respectively, increasing with the downscaling. However, both the cumulative percentage variance of landscape-environment relation and landscape-environment correlation coefficients first increased and then decreased, with the maximum values at scale3 and scale2, respectively. The landscape presented an obvious latitude variation (the correlation coefficients between latitude and first axis were -0.2019~-0.3789) and vertical distribution regularity (the correlation coefficients between elevation and first axis were -0.3218~-0.4760) . The latitudinal gradient distribution regularity was as follows: bamboo grove, deciduous broad leaved forest, mixed broadleaf-conifer forest, farmland, evergreen broadleaf forest, mountaintop elfin forest, evergreen coniferous forest, sphagnum moss, shrub-meadow. Bamboo grove and farmland distributed at low elevation comparing with sphagnum moss, shrub-meadow and mountaintop elfin forest at high elevation. It is suggested that the relationship between landscape and environment have scale effect, and the environmental elements have different impacts on landscape pattern at different scales. Fig 2, Tab 2, Ref 36

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家教育部博士科学点基金项目(No. 20103515110005)、国家自然科学基金项目(No. 30870435)、福建省科技厅重点项目(No. 2009N0009)和福建省自然科学基金项目(No. 08J0116)资助
更新日期/Last Update: 2011-10-25