|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]许月蓉,顾希贤.垃圾堆肥对土壤微生物的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,1995,1(04):398-402.
 Xu Yuerong,Gu Xixian.EFFECT OF REFUSE COMPOST ON SOIL MICROBES[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1995,1(04):398-402.
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垃圾堆肥对土壤微生物的影响()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
1卷
期数:
1995年04期
页码:
398-402
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
1995-11-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
EFFECT OF REFUSE COMPOST ON SOIL MICROBES
作者:
许月蓉 顾希贤
中国科学院南京土壤研究所, 南京 210008
Author(s):
Xu Yuerong Gu Xixian
Nanjing Institute of Soil Science, Academia Sinica, Nanjing 210008
关键词:
垃圾堆肥微生物生物量微生物生化强度
Keywords:
refuse compostmicrobial biomassmicrobial biochemical capacity
摘要:
施垃圾堆肥并种2季蔬菜的潮土、黄棕壤及红壤中细菌、放线菌、真菌、固氮菌、纤维分解菌、亚硝化菌数量,纤维分解强度,呼吸强度和微生物生物量C、N含量的测定结果表明:当土壤本身含有的微生物数量多于或少于垃圾堆肥含有的微生物数量时,土壤中的微生物数量会随垃圾堆肥用量的增加而增加;当土壤本身含有的微生物数量与垃圾堆肥相同时,垃圾堆肥用量大小对土壤微生物数量影响不大。微生物生物量C、N含量,土壤有机质,全N,有效P含量,呼吸强度及纤维分解强度均随垃圾堆肥施用量提高而增加,并呈显着的正相关性。
Abstract:
After application of refuse compost, the changes in amounts of bacteria.actinomycetes. fungi. azotobacter. cellulose-decomposing bacteria, nitrogen fixing bacteria. microbial biomass C,N contents. respiratory intensity and cellulose-decomposing capacity were determined in fluvo-aquic soil, yellow brown earth and red earth after planting vegetables twice. The results indicated that the microbes in soil were increased with the increasing of the microbes in compost, when the microbes in the soil were more or less than those in the compost. The microbial biomass C,N contents,organic matters, total N.available P. respiratory intensity and cellulose-decomposing capacity in soil were increasing with increasing application of refuse compost.

参考文献/References:

[1] 周艺敏.王正祥,任顺荣等.城市垃圾肥农用对土壤生态环境的影响.土壤肥料.1992.(1):7~10
[2] 中国科学院南京土壤研究所微生物室编著.土壤微生物研究法.北京:科学出版社.1985
[3] 许光辉,郑洪元主编.土坡徽生物分析方法手册.北京:农业出版社,1986
[4] Schnurer J.Clarholm M.Rosswall T. Microbial biomass and activity in an agricultural soil with different organic matter contents. Soil liwl lliorhnn. 1985,17:611~618
[5] Bonde T A,Schnurer J,Rasswall T. Microbial biomass as a fraction of potentially mineralizable nitrogen in soils from long-term field experiments..Soil Biol Bicehem.1988.20:447~452
[6] Lopez-Real J M, Hodges R D.eds. The Microorganisms in a Sustainable Agriculture J. M.Hodges R. D des. A B Aca-demic pulbishers.UK (Printed in Great Britain),1986
[7] Perucci P. Effect of the addition of municipal soild-waste compost on microbial biomass and enzyme activities in soil.Biol Pertil Soils.1990.10:221~226

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:1995-2-25;接受日期:1995-5-30。
基金项目:“八五”国家科技攻关项目。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01