|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]唐永良,高坤林,徐俊祥,等.生活垃圾堆肥对花生和猕猴桃生产品质的影响及其改土效果[J].应用与环境生物学报,1995,1(04):364-370.
 Tang Yongliang,Gao Kunlin,Xu Junxiang,et al.EFFECTS OF GARBAGE COMPOST ON THE OUTPUT AND QUALITY OF PEANUT AND ACTINIDIA CHINENSIS AND ON SOIL IMPROVEMENT[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1995,1(04):364-370.
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生活垃圾堆肥对花生和猕猴桃生产品质的影响及其改土效果()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
1卷
期数:
1995年04期
页码:
364-370
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
1995-11-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
EFFECTS OF GARBAGE COMPOST ON THE OUTPUT AND QUALITY OF PEANUT AND ACTINIDIA CHINENSIS AND ON SOIL IMPROVEMENT
作者:
唐永良 高坤林 徐俊祥 石华
中国科学院南京土壤研究所, 南京 210008
Author(s):
Tang Yongliang Gao Kunlin Xu Junxiang Shi Hua
Nanjing Institute of Soil Science, Academia Sinica, Nanjing 210008
关键词:
垃圾堆肥作物品质改土效果
Keywords:
garbage compostcrop qualitysoil improvement
摘要:
研究了在红壤地区垃圾堆肥的肥效及改土效果。田间试验结果表明,施用垃圾堆肥45~90t/hm2,猕猴桃鲜果增产59.2%~332.35%;花生增产16.2%~21.6%.猕猴桃鲜果维生素C含量提高29.87%~35.12%;总糖由43.4g/kg增加到80.48/kg;重金属元素Cu、Cr、Pb、Cd的含量基本上近似对照,与此同时,垃圾堆肥使土壤中对植物根系具毒害作用的交换性Al由12.66mol/kg降为0.32mol/kg.土壤容重由原来的1.3~1.27g/cm3降为1.11~1.10g/m3;田间持水量由15.89%提高到19.04%;总孔隙度由52.6%增加到56.5%;土壤(m/g)微生物的总菌数由0.97×106/g增加到22.5×106/g.
Abstract:
Garbage compost was studied for its fertilizer effeciency and soil improvement in red soil region. The results obtained from field tests indicated; Production of fresh fruit of Actinulia chinensis was increased by 59.2%~332.35% and peanut by 16.2%~1.6%. when 45~90 ton of garbage compost was applied per hectare; vitamin C in fresh fruit of A. chinensis was increased by 29.87%~35.42%; total sugar from 43.4g/kg to 80.4g/kg; the contents of heavy metal elements. including Cu. Cd, Pb and Cr. were similar to CK.Garbage compost could be used not only as a fertilizer for crops. but also to raise pH value of soil and remove toxic action of Al ion on plant root. Exchangeable Al was dropped from 12.66 mol/kg to 6.32 mol/kg; bulk density of soil from 1.3~1.27t/m3 to 1.11~1.10t/m3; field capacity was increased from 15.89% to 19.04% and total porosity from 52.6% to 56.5%.

参考文献/References:

[1] 王建林.土壤中铝的胁迫与水稻生长.土壤.1991.23(6):302~306
[2] 王敬华.施用石灰石粉对红壤酸度的影响.见:红壤生态研究.北京.科学出版社,1992.141~145
[3] 龚子同.土壤环境变化.北京:中国科学技术出版社,1992
[4] 中国预防医学科学院标准处编.食品卫生国家标准汇编(1).北京:中国标准出版社.1992
[5] 中科院南京土壤所.土壤理化分析.上海:上海科技出版社.1978
[6] Foy C D. Soil aluminum toxicity and plant growth. Comnum Soil Sci Plant.Annl.1988.19:959~987
[7] Taylor G J. The physiology of aluminum tolerance in higher plants. in:Sigel H.Sigel A.Metal Ions in Biological System. Vol 24:Aluminum and its Role in Biology. New Yock:Maccel Dekker Inc. 1988.123~163

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:1995-3-2;接受日期:1995-5-30。
基金项目:“八五”国家科技攻关项目。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01