|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]江荣风,韩琅丰,王建民,等.垃圾肥在潮土上对花生的增产效果[J].应用与环境生物学报,1995,1(04):358-363.
 Jiang Rongfeng,Han Langfeng,Wang Jianmin,et al.EFFECT OF REFUSE COMPOST APPLICATION ON PEANUT PRODUCTION FROM CALCAREOUS MEADOW SOIL[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1995,1(04):358-363.
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垃圾肥在潮土上对花生的增产效果()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
1卷
期数:
1995年04期
页码:
358-363
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
1995-11-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
EFFECT OF REFUSE COMPOST APPLICATION ON PEANUT PRODUCTION FROM CALCAREOUS MEADOW SOIL
作者:
江荣风1 韩琅丰1 王建民2 程伟2
1. 北京农业大学, 北京 100094;
2. 北京市环境卫生研究所, 北京 100028
Author(s):
Jiang Rongfeng Han Langfeng Wang Jianmin Cheng Wei
1. Beijing Agricultural University, Beijing 100094;
2. Beijing Environ, Sanit.Scientific Res. Inst, Beiging 100028
关键词:
潮土花生垃圾肥增产效果品质
Keywords:
calcareous meadow soilpeanutrefuse compostproduction incrementquality
摘要:
在潮土上施用垃圾肥对花生产量和品质影响的研究结果表明,在较贫瘠的土壤上,垃圾肥单独或与N、P化肥配合施用,都有明显的增产效果:单独施用比对照增产率为9.3%~29.1%,与化肥配合施用增产率为10.8%~20.5%.垃圾肥施用量在15~30t/hm2时可获较高的增产效益。施用垃圾肥对花生仁中的粗蛋白质、粗脂肪和全磷含量有一定的提高。尽管所施用垃圾肥中含有一定量的有害元素,如Cd、Pb、Cr等,但花生仁中这些元素含量并不高,说明施垃圾肥是安全的。试验结果还表明;施用垃圾肥能提高土壤有机质、全氮以及有效N、P、K的含量。特别是有效微量元素含量提高幅度较大,Zn、Cu、B各处理平均是对照的2~10倍,Fe、Mn、Mo比对照提高17%~38%.
Abstract:
A field experiment was conducted to study the effect of compost applied to calcareous meadow soil on the production and quality of peanut. The result showed that compost application could increase the yield of peanut by 9.3%~29.1%,and mixed application of compost and chemical fertilizers increase the yield by 10.8%~20.5%. The suitable application rate of the compost is 15~30 t/hm2. Although the contents of some heavy metals are hight in the compost,they are found very low in shelled peanut. The result also indicated that compost application led to increase both available macronutrients and available micronutrients in the soil.

参考文献/References:

[1] Gouin FR. Using composted waste for growing horticultural crop. Brocycle. 1982,22(1):44~47
[2] Leep NW,Earelley GT. Growth and trace metal content of European Sycamore seedling grown in soil mended with sewage sludge.J Bnviron Qual.1978,7(3):413~416
[3] 张增强,薛漫泽,赵子定.污泥堆肥对花卉及草坪生长的影响.见:第五届全国青年土壤科学工作者学术讨论会论文编委编.现代土壤科学研究.北京:中国农业科技出版社,1994.770~774
[4] 江荣风.黑龙港流域古河道细质沙土施用微量元素有效性研究.北京农业大学学报.1994,增刊:85~90
[5] 中国土壤学会农业化学专业委员会编.土城农业化学常规分析方法.北京:科学出版社,1983
[6] 周德智,尹瑞龄,顾希贤等.天然腐热垃圾的徽生物活性和肥效.土壤.1993,25(4):205~208

相似文献/References:

[1]王建民,程伟,韩琅丰,等.垃圾堆肥在北方潮土地区的农用研究[J].应用与环境生物学报,1995,1(04):379.
 Wang Jianmin,Cheng Wei,Han Langfeng,et al.AGRICULTURAL STUDY ON REFUSE COMPOST APPLIED TO THE DAMP SOIL IN NORTH CHINA[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1995,1(04):379.
[2]张小平,李登煜,K. Lindstrom,等.花生根瘤菌的生长特性和脂肪酸组成研究[J].应用与环境生物学报,1997,3(01):44.
 Zhang Xiaoping,Li Dengyu,Giselle Nick,et al.GROWTH CHARACTERISTICS AND FATTY ACID ANALYSES OF BRADYRHIZOBIUM STRAINS ISOLATED FROM THE ROOT NODULES OF PEANUT(ARACHIS)[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1997,3(04):44.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:1995-2-25;接受日期:1995-5-30。
基金项目:“八五”国家科技攻关项目。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01