|Table of Contents|

Diversity and niche characteristics of herbaceous layer plants in the early stage of forest gap reconstruction of inefficient Cupressus funebris plantations(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

Issue:
2021 05
Page:
1178-1185
Research Field:
Articles
Publishing date:

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Title:
Diversity and niche characteristics of herbaceous layer plants in the early stage of forest gap reconstruction of inefficient Cupressus funebris plantations
Author(s):
CHEN Luman1 L? Qian1 LIU Size1 LUO Yan1 CHEN Xiaohong1 2 CHEN Yuqin1 CHEN Gang1 FAN Chuan1 2 & LI Xianwei1 2 3?
1 College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China 2 Key Laboratory of National Forestry and Grassland Administration on Forest Resources Conservation and Ecological Security in the Upper Reaches of Yangtze River, Chengdu 611130, China 3 Forestry Ecological Engineering in the Upper Reaches of Yangtze River Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu 611130, China
Keywords:
Cupressus funebris inefficient plantation forest gap reconstruction herbaceous layer plant diversity niche
CLC:
-
PACS:
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2020.05025
DocumentCode:

Abstract:
The herbaceous layer is sensitive to environmental change; it can rapidly reflect the impact of reconstruction in inefficient Cupressus funebris plantations to effectively improve their ecological service function and forest quality. In this study, inefficient Cupressus funebris plantations in the hilly area of central Sichuan were selected for research, and the herbaceous layer plant diversity and niche change pattern of different area forest gaps after one year of gap reconstruction were analyzed using three different forest gap scales (50 m2, 100 m2, and 200 m2). The results showed that in comparison with the control (CK), the Simpson index, Shannon-Wiener index, and richness index of herbaceous plants in the forest land increased significantly after gap reconstruction (P < 0.05), and reached the optimum within the 100 m2 forest gap. With the increase in the forest gap area (from 50 m2 to 200 m2), the changes in different indexes differed and the Pielou index continued to increase. The Simpson index and Shannon-Wiener index both increased first and then stabilized, while richness index stabilized first and then decreased, and 100 m2 was the dividing point for the change trend. The niche breadth of shade-requiring plants such as Ficus tikoua was the largest before the gap reconstruction, and the ability of regeneration species, such as Miscanthus floridulus, to adapt to the environment and use resources was stronger after the gap reconstruction, and the niche breadth continuously widened. With the increase in forest gap area (from 50 m2 to 200 m2), the whole herbaceous community in the forest presented a positive neutral succession pattern. Because of the short gap reconstruction time, the regeneration species were still in the resource utilization and expansion stage. The niche overlap of each treatment was low (< 0.1), the niche differentiation difference was large, the interspecific competition was small, and the change rule between niche breadth and niche overlap was not obvious. The overall niche differentiation of the herbaceous layer in the 100 m2 forest gap was more uniform. This study shows that the initial stage of forest gap reconstruction can improve the diversity of herbaceous layer plants and change the structure of the herbaceous community of inefficient Cupressus funebris plantations. Considering the improvement of biodiversity function and the stability of ecosystem, 100 m2 is a suitable area for forest gap reconstruction.

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