|Table of Contents|

Effects of fertilization and plastic film mulching on yield formation and soil carbon pool of dry land wheat

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

Issue:
2019 03
Page:
603-610
Research Field:
Articles
Publishing date:

Info

Title:
Effects of fertilization and plastic film mulching on yield formation and soil carbon pool of dry land wheat
Author(s):
LI Shun1 LI Tingliang1 2** FANG Ling3 HE Bing1 JIAO Huan1 & LI Yan1
1 College of Resources and Environment, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, China 2 National Demonstration Center for Agricultural Resources and Environment Experimental Teaching, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, China 3 Shanxi Institute of Scientific and Technical Information, Taiyuan 030001, China
Keywords:
dry land wheat fertilization film mulching yield formation soil carbon pool
CLC:
S157.4 : S512.1
PACS:
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.201901045
DocumentCode:

Abstract:
The goal of this study was to overcome the problems of excessive fertilizer input and nutrient supply imbalance in dryland wheat production of the Loess Plateau. The effects quantitative fertilization of wheat yield and the soil carbon pool needs to be studied under typical mulching modes. Through field experiments, variation in population dynamics, dry matter accumulation, yield formation, and changes in soil organic carbon of dry land winter wheat were studied in four modes: farmer practice (FP), monitored fertilization (MF), ridge-furrow with plastic film mulching system (RF), and flat soil surface with plastic film mulching and hole sowing (FH) from 2012 to 2016. The results showed that FH treatment significantly improved the population structure of wheat. Compared with FP treatment, the number of basic seedlings, maximum tillers and the spike of FH treatment increased by 24.8%, 24.6% and 31.3% (P < 0.05), respectively. The increase of dry matter accumulation was mainly reflected in the late growth stage, and the dry matter quality at maturity increased by an average of 43.3% compared with that of the farmer practice. The grain yield of different treatments was significantly positively correlated with the spike number and 1 000-grain weight, with the correlation coefficients of 0.810** and 0.80**. The FH treatment had the highest number of spikes and 1 000-grain weight, which was 36.7% and 4.8% higher than that of the FP treatment, respectively, and the grain yield increased by 42.1%. Monitoring fertilization combined with mulching could significantly increase soil total organic carbon (TOC) content compared with the FP treatment. The RF treatment was more beneficial to the increase of light organic carbon (LFOC) in soil organic carbon active components, whereas FH treatment was more beneficial to the increase of recombinant organic carbon (HFOC) in soil organic carbon stability components. Compared with the MF treatment, the film-mulching planting significantly increased the content of particulate organic carbon (POC), but the difference in water-soluble organic carbon (SWOC) content in different treatments was not significant. In summary, the monitored fertilization combined flat soil surface with plastic film mulching and hole sowing could better construct the wheat population structure, increase the dry matter accumulation and grain yield, and increase the soil stable organic carbon and total organic carbon by increasing the amount of biological return, which is more suitable for high-yield and high-efficiency production and soil quality improvement of winter wheat in the dryland of the Loess Plateau.

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Last Update: 2019-06-25