|Table of Contents|

Degradation of lignocellulose by Termitomyces

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

2019 03
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Degradation of lignocellulose by Termitomyces
WANG Chengpan1 LIANG Shiyou1 YIN Xuejie1 YU Baoting2 HU Yin2 & MO Jianchu1**
1Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology of Crop Pathogens and Insect Pests (Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Agricultural Entomology), Institute of Insect Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China 2National Termite Control Center of China, Hangzhou 310011, China
Odontotermes formosanus Termitomyces lignocellulose biodegradation biomass

The symbiotic system formed by termites, bacteria, and fungi plays a very important role in the degradation of biomass in the natural world. Studying the ability of the symbiotic fungus Termitomyces to degrade lignocellulose will help reveal the nature of the relationship between Termitomyces and termites, and should also provide a theoretical basis for using Termitomyces to develop biomass energy. Wood material with and without pretreatment with the fungus Gloeophyllum trabeum was treated with either Odontotermes formosanus fungus combs (OFC), solid cultures of Termitomyces (TA), or liquid cultures of Termitomyces (TL) to investigate the ability of Termitomyces to degrade lignocellulose. In the non-pretreated wood material, the degradation rates of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin by OFC were 15.22%, 29.34%, and 6.01%, respectively, when treated for 90 days, while the degradation rates of these by TA were 20.98%, 31.89%, and 11.68%, respectively, when treated for 120 days. The degradation rates of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin in the pretreated wood material by TL were 14.39%, 24.62%, and 5.05%, respectively. In the pretreated wood material the degradation rates of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin by OFC were 37.09%, 42.20%, and 24.95%, respectively, after 120 days of treatment, while the degradation rates of these by TA were 34.77%, 38.29%, and 29.74%, respectively, after 120 days. The degradation rates of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin by TL were 30.57%, 30.47%, and 24.36%, respectively. In addition, the degradation rates of lignocellulose in pretreated wood material by OFC, TA, and TL were higher than those in the non-pretreated wood material. Therefore, Termitomyces has some ability to degrade lignocellulose. In particular, the lignin biodegradation ability of Termitomyces shows that it can break the lignocellulosic lignin barrier. This confirms the potential for Termitomyces to be used to degrade lignocellulose to utilize the energy in woody biomass, and also indirectly provides reference values for the artificial cultivation of Termitomyces.


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Last Update: 2019-06-25