|Table of Contents|

Potential short-term effects of yak excreta addition on peat soil gross nitrogen transformations of Zoige peatland under laboratory conditions(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

Issue:
2019 01
Page:
53-62
Research Field:
Articles
Publishing date:

Info

Title:
Potential short-term effects of yak excreta addition on peat soil gross nitrogen transformations of Zoige peatland under laboratory conditions
Author(s):
WANG Xingling1 2 3# XUE Dan1 2# CHEN Huai1 2** LIU Jianliang1 2 ZHAN Wei1 2 HU Ji1 2 ZHANG Jinbo4 & Christoph Müller5
1 Key Laboratory of Mountain Ecological Restoration and Bioresource Utilization & Ecological Restoration Biodiversity Conservation Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China 2 Zoige Peatland and Global Change Research Station, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Aba 624400, China 3University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China 4School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China 5Department of Plant Ecology, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Giessen 35392, Germany
Keywords:
gross nitrogen transformation MCMC numerical model yak excreta Zoige peatland
CLC:
Q148
PACS:
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.04004
DocumentCode:

Abstract:
Yak graze extensively on the alpine Zoige peatland in the eastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, and large amounts of excrements are directly deposited onto the alpine peatland. However, information on peat soil gross nitrogen transformations after yak excreta return is limited. In this study, we investigated the potential short-term effects of yak excrements on peat soil gross nitrogen transformation by performing 15N tracing under laboratory conditions. The results showed that the total NH4+-N production was approximately twice higher in the dung-affected soil (17.49 mg kg-1 d-1) than in the CK treatment (8.94 mg kg-1 d-1). The mineralization of organic nitrogen was the main source of NH4+-N in both treatments, with approximately 57% of the total nitrogen mineralization resulting from the recalcitrant organic matter in the dung-affected soil, while amounting to 63% from the mineralization of soil-labile organic matter in CK. The total consumption of NH4+-N was higher than its production in both soils, leading to net NH4+-N consumption in the soils. Approximately 70% and 91% of the total NH4+-N consumption in the CK and dung-affected soils, respectively, were used for microbial immobilization to recalcitrant organic nitrogen pool. Autotrophic nitrification was the major NO3--N formation mechanism in both soils, which were 5.31 mg kg-1 d-1 and 2.13 mg kg-1 d-1 in the CK and drug-affected soil, respectively. Meanwhile, dissimilatory nitrate reduction in the dung-affected soil was slightly higher than in the CK soil, indicating that yak dung addition could reduce potential NO3--N leaching risks. Over the 19 incubation periods, the largest cumulative N2O emission, which was 7.81 mg/kg, occurred in the dung-affected soil, while the lowest value (3.04 mg/kg) appeared in the urine-affected soil. The addition of both yak dung and urine significantly (P < 0.01) increased soil CH4 and CO2 emissions. In conclusion, our findings suggested that yak dung might increase soil nitrogen supply capacity and decrease potential nitrate leaching risks by increasing gross NH4+-N mineralization, inhibiting autotrophic nitrification, and promoting dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium. Yak dung slightly increased soil N2O emission, while yak urine addition significantly decreased it. In addition, the addition of both yak dung and urine largely increased soil CO2 and CH4 emissions.

References

1 Heil J, Vereecken H, Brüggemann N. A review of chemical reactions of nitrification intermediates and their role in nitrogen cycling and nitrogen trace gas formation in soil [J]. Eur J Soil Sci, 2016, 67 (1): 23-39
2 Tietema A, Bouten W, Wartenbergh PE. Nitrous oxide dynamics in an oak-beech forest ecosystem in the Netherlands [J]. For Ecol Manag, 1991, 44 (1): 53-61
3 Vitousek PM, Gosz JR, Grier CC, Melillo JM, Reiners WA, Todd L. Nitrate losses from disturbed ecosystems [J]. Science, 1979, 204 (4392): 469-474
4 Stark JM, Hart SC. High rates of nitrification and nitrate turnover in undisturbed coniferous forests [J]. Nature, 1997, 385 (6611): 61-64
5 Huygens D, Boeckx P, Templer P, Paulino L, Cleemput OV, Oyarzún C, Müller C, Godoy R. Mechanisms for retention of bioavailable nitrogen in volcanic rainforest soils [J]. Nat Geosci, 2008, 1 (8): 543-548
6 Aber JD. Nitrogen cycling and nitrogen saturation in temperate forest ecosystems [J]. Trends Ecol Evol, 1992, 7 (7): 220-224
7 Beek CLV, Pleijter M, Jacobs CMJ, Velthof GL, Gnenigen JWV, Kuikman PT. Emissions of N2O from fertilized and grazed grassland on organic soil in relation to groundwater level [J]. Nutr Cycl Agroecosys, 2010, 86 (3): 331-340
8 Sala OE, Jackson RB, Mooney HA, Howarth RW. Methods in Ecosystem Science [M]. New York: Springer, 2000
9 Muller C, Rutting T, Kattge J, Laughlin RJ, Stevens J. Estimation of Parameters in Complex 15N Tracing models by Monte Carlo Sampling [M]. Penguin Books, 2007: 715-726
10 Boer WD, Duyts H, Laanbroek HJ. Autotrophic nitrification in a fertilized acid heath soil [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 1988, 20 (6): 845-850
11 Cai Z, Wang B, Xu M, Zhang H, He X, Zhang L, Gao S. Intensified soil acidification from chemical N fertilization and prevention by manure in an 18-year field experiment in the red soil of southern China [J]. J Soils Sediments, 2015, 15 (2): 260-270
12 Cheng Y, Wang J, Mary B, Zhang JB, Cai ZC, Chang SX. Soil pH has contrasting effects on gross and net nitrogen mineralizations in adjacent forest and grassland soils in central Alberta, Canada [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2013, 57 (3): 848-857
13 Cheng Y, Zhang JB, Müller C, Wang SQ. 15 N tracing study to understand the N supply associated with organic amendments in a vineyard soil [J]. Biol Fert Soils, 2015, 51 (8): 983-993
14 Stemarie C, Pare D. Soil, pH and N availability effects on net nitrification in the forest floors of a range of boreal forest stands [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 1999, 31 (11): 1579-1589
15 Cheng Y, Cai Y, Wang SQ. Yak and Tibetan sheep dung return enhance soil N supply and retention in two alpine grasslands in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau [J]. Biol Fert Soils, 2016, 52 (3): 413-422
16 Davidson EA, Stark JM, Firestone MK. Microbial production and consumption of nitrate in an annual grassland [J]. Ecology, 1990, 71 (5): 1968-1975
17 Robert LB. An alternative explanation for the post-disturbance in some forest ecosystems [J]. Ecol Lett, 2001, 4 (5): 412-416
18 Burger M, Jackson LE. Microbial immobilization of ammonium and nitrate in relation to ammonification and nitrification rates in organic and conventional cropping systems [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2003, 35 (1): 29-36
19 Tiedje JM. Ecology of denitrification and dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium [J]. Bbiol Anaerobic Microorg, 1988: 179-244
20 Rolston DE, Duxbury JM, Harper LA, Mosier AR. Processes for production and consumption of gaseous nitrogen oxides in soil [C]. 1993
21 Granli T. Nitrous oxide from agriculture [J]. Norwegian J Agric Sci, 1994, 24 (1): 200
22 Lovell RD, Jarvis SC. Effect of cattle dung on soil microbial biomass C and N in a permanent pasture soil [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 1996, 28 (3): 291-299
23 Maljanen M, Martikkala M, Koponen HT, Virkaja?Rvi P, Martikainen PJ. Fluxes of nitrous oxide and nitric oxide from experimental excreta patches in boreal agricultural soil [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2007, 39 (4): 914-920
24 Cai Y, Wang X, Ding W, Tian L, Zhao H, Lu X. Potential short-term effects of yak and Tibetan sheep dung on greenhouse gas emissions in two alpine grassland soils under laboratory conditions [J]. Biol Fert Soils, 2013, 49 (8): 1215-1226
25 Yamulki S, Jarvis SC, Owen P. Methane emission and uptake from soils as influenced by excreta deposition from grazing animals [J]. J Environ Qual, 1999, 28 (2): 676-682
26 Liebig MA, Kronberg SL, Gross J R. Effects of normal and altered cattle urine on short-term greenhouse gas flux from mixed-grass prairie in the northern Great Plains [J]. Agr Ecosyst Environ, 2008, 125 (1-4): 57-64
27 Mosier A, Schimel D, Valentine D, Bronson K, Parton W. Methane and nitrous oxide fluxes in native, fertilized and cultivated grasslands [J]. Nature, 1991, 350 (6316): 330-332
28 Maljanen M, Virkaj?rvi P, Martikainen PJ. Dairy cow excreta patches change the boreal grass swards from sink to source of methane [J]. Agric Food Sci, 2015, 21 (2): 91-99
29 Dobbie KE, Smith KA. Comparison of CH4 oxidation rates in woodland, arable and set aside soils [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 1996, 28 (10-11): 1357-1365
30 Xiang S, Guo R, Wu N, Sun S. Current status and future prospects of Zoige Marsh in Eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau [J]. Ecol Eng, 2009, 35 (4): 553-562
31 郑群英, 泽柏, 李华德, 陈明胜. 若尔盖沼泽草甸载畜量变化[J]. 草业与畜牧, 2009 (6): 14-16 [Zheng QY, Ze B, Li HD, Chen MS. Stock capacity change of swamp meadow in Ruoergai [J]. Pratacult Anim Husb, 2009 (6): 14-16]
32 Hirota M, Tang Y, Hu Q, Kato T, Hirata S, Mo W, Cao G, Mariko S. The potential importance of grazing to the fluxes of carbon dioxide and methane in an alpine wetland on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau [J]. Atmos Environ, 2005, 39 (29): 5255-5259
33 周文昌, 索郎夺尔基, 崔丽娟, 王义飞, 李伟. 围栏禁牧与放牧对若尔盖高原泥炭地CO2和CH4排放的影响[J]. 生态环境学报, 2015, 23 (2): 183-189 [Zhou WQ, Suolang DEJ, Cui LJ, Wang YF, Li W. Effects of fencing and grazing on the emissions of CO2 and CH4 in Zoige Peatland, East Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau [J]. Ecol Environ, 2015, 23 (2): 183-189]
34 李霞. 放牧干扰对若尔盖高原湿地土壤性质的影响[J]. 农业与技术, 2015 (5): 44-46 [Li X. Effects of grazing disturbance on soil properties of wetlands in Zoige Plateau [J]. Agric Technol, 2015 (5): 44-46]
35 韩大勇, 杨永兴, 杨杨, 李珂. 放牧干扰下若尔盖高原沼泽湿地植被种类组成及演替模式[J]. 生态学报, 2011, 31 (20): 5946-5955 [Han DY, Yang YX, Yang Y, Li K. Species composition and succession of swamp vegetation along grazing gradients in the Zoige Plateau, China [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2011, 31 (20): 5946-5955]
36 Yang G, Chen H, Wu N, Tian J, Peng C, Zhu Q, Zhu D, He Y, Zheng Q, Zhang C. Effects of soil warming, rainfall reduction and water table level on CH 4 emissions from the Zoige peatland in China [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2014, 78: 83-89
37 Zhang J, Müller C, Zhu T, Cheng Y, Cai Z. Heterotrophic nitrification is the predominant NO3? production mechanism in coniferous but not broad-leaf acid forest soil in subtropical China [J]. Biol Fert Soils, 2011, 47 (5): 533
38 Song CY, Cong CC, Tao BX, Wang JY, Zhu XY, Wang XW. Sgort-term responses of soil enzyme activities and carbon mineralization to added nitrogen and litter in a freshwater marsh of Northeast China [J]. Eur J Soil Sci, 2014, 61 (5): 72-79
39 Booth MS, Stark JM, Rastetter E. Controls on nitrogen cycling in terrestrial ecosystems: a synthetic analysis of literature data [J]. Ecol Monogr, 2005, 75 (2): 139-157
40 Shindo H, Nishio T. Immobilization and remineralization of N following addition of wheat straw into soil: determination of gross N transformation rates by 15N-ammonium isotope dilution technique [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2005, 37 (3): 425-432
41 Brady NC, Weil RR. The nature and properties of soils [J]. 11th ed. J Range Manage, 1996, 5 (6): 333
42 Perakis SS, Hedin LO. Fluxes and fates of nitrogen in soil of an unpolluted old-growth temperate forest, southern Chile [J]. Ecology, 2001, 82 (8): 2245-2260
43 Rastetter EB, ?gren GI, Shaver GR. Response of N-limited ecosystems to increased CO2: a balanced nutrition, coupled- element- cycles model [J]. Ecol Appl, 1997, 7 (2): 444-460
44 Shi W, Norton JM. Microbial control of nitrate concentrations in an agricultural soil treated with dairy waste compost or ammonium fertilizer [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2000, 32 (10): 1453-1457
45 Shi W, Miller BE, Stark JM, Norton JM. Microbial nitrogen transformations in response to treated dairy waste in agricultural soils [J]. Soil Sci Soc Am J, 2004, 68 (68): 1867-1874
46 Recous S, Machet JM, Mary B. The partitioning of fertilizer-N between soil and crop: comparison of ammonium and nitrate applications [J]. Plant Soil, 1992, 144 (1): 101-111
47 Jones JM, Richards BN. Effect of reforestation on turnover of 15 N-labelled nitrate and ammonium in relation to changes in soil microflora [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 1977, 9 (6): 383-392
48 Rice CW, Tiedje JM. Regulation of nitrate assimilation by ammonium in soils and in isolated soil microorganisms [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 1989, 21 (4): 597-602
49 殷士学, 沈其荣. 缺氧土壤中硝态氮还原菌的生理生化特征[J]. 土壤学报, 2003, 40 (4): 624-630 [Yin SX, Shen QR. Physiological and biochemical characteristics of nitrate reducers in anaerobic soils [J]. Acta Pedol Sin, 2003, 40 (4): 624-630]
50 Buresh RJ, Patrick WH. Nitrate reduction to ammonium in anaerobic soil [J]. Soil Sci Soc Am J, 1978, 42 (6): 913-918
51 Fazzolari ?, Nicolardot B, Germon JC. Simultaneous effects of increasing levels of glucose and oxygen partial pressures on denitrification and dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium in repacked soil cores [J]. Eur J Soil Biol, 1998, 34 (1): 47-52
52 Smith K. The potential for feedback effects induced by global warming on emissions of nitrous oxide by soils [J]. Global Change Biol, 1997, 3 (4): 327-338
53 Freney JR, Denmead OT, Simpson JR. Nitrous oxide emission from soils at low moisture contents [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 1979, 11 (2): 167-173
54 Chen H, Li X, Hu F, Shi W. Soil nitrous oxide emissions following crop residue addition: a meta-analysis [J]. Global Change Biol, 2013, 19 (10): 2956-2964
55 G?k M, Ottow JCG. Effect of cellulose and straw incorporation in soil on total denitrification and nitrogen immobilization at initially aerobic and permanent anaerobic conditions [J]. Biol Fert Soils, 1988, 5 (4): 317-322
56 Lin X, Wang S, Ma X, Xu G, Luo C, Li Y, Jiang G, Xie Z. Fluxes of CO2, CH4, and N2O in an alpine meadow affected by yak excreta on the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau during summer grazing periods [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2009, 41 (4): 718-725
57 Boon A, Robinson JS, Chadwick DR, Cardenas LM. Effect of cattle urine addition on the surface emissions and subsurface concentrations of greenhouse gases in a UK peat grassland [J]. Agric Ecosyst Environ, 2014, 186 (4): 23-32
58 Sordi A, Dieckow J, Bayer C, Alburquerque MA, Piva JT, Zanatta JA, Tomazi M, da Rosa CM, de Moraes A. Nitrous oxide emission factors for urine and dung patches in a subtropical Brazilian pastureland [J]. Agric Ecosyst Environ, 2014, 190: 94-103
59 Jwvan G, Kuikman PJ, Wjmde G, Velthof GL. Nitrous oxide emission from urine-treated soil as influenced by urine composition and soil physical conditions [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2005, 37 (3): 463-473
60 Monaghan RM, Barraclough D. Nitrous oxide and dinitrogen emissions from urine-affected soil under controlled conditions [J]. Plant Soil, 1993, 151 (1): 127-138
61 Monaghan RM, Barraclough D. Some chemical and physical factors affecting the rate and dunamics of nitrification in urine-affected soil [J]. Plant Soil, 1992, 143 (1): 11-18
62 Cai Y, Wang X, Ding W, Tian L, Zhao H, Lu X. Potential short-term effects of yak and Tibetan sheep dung on greenhouse gas emissions in two alpine grassland soils under laboratory conditions [J]. Biol Fert Soils, 2013, 49 (8): 1215-1226
63 Clough TJ, Sherlock RR, Kelliher FM, Clough TJ, Sherlock RR, Kelliher FM. Can liming mitigate N2O fluxes from a urine-amended soil? [J]. Soil Res, 2003, 41 (3): 439-457
64 Lambie SM, Schipper LA, Balks MR, Baisden WT. Carbon leaching from undisturbed soil cores treated with dairy cow urine [J]. Soil Res, 2012, 50 (4): 320-327
65 Saggar S, Bolan NS, Bhandral R, Hedley CB, Luo J. A review of emissions of methane, ammonia, and nitrous oxide from animal excreta deposition and farm effluent application in grazed pastures [J]. New Zeal J Agric Res, 2004, 47 (4): 513-544
66 Chadwick DR, Pain BF. Methane fluxes following slurry applications to grassland soils: laboratory experiments [J]. Agric Ecosyst Environ, 1997, 63 (1): 51-60
67 Li Z, Kelliher FM. Methane oxidation in freely and poorly drained grassland soils and effects of cattle urine application [J]. J Environ Qual, 2007, 36 (5): 1241-1248
68 田光明, 何云峰, 李勇先. 水肥管理对稻田土壤甲烷和氧化亚氮排放的影响[J]. 土壤与环境, 2002, 11 (3): 294-298 [Tian GM, He YF, Li YX. Effect of water and fertilization management on emission of CH4 and N2O in paddy soil [J]. Soil Environ Sci, 2002, 11 (3): 294-298]
69 Knowles R. Methane: Processes of Production and Consumption [M]. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1993: 171-177
70 Price SJ, Kelliher FM, Sherlock RR, Tate KR, Condron L M. Environmental and chemical factors regulating methane oxidation in a New Zealand forest soil [J]. Soil Res, 2004, 42 (7): 767-776
71 Flessa H, D?rsch P, Beese F, K?nig H, Bouwman AF. Influence of cattle wastes on nitrous oxide and methane fluxes in pasture land [J]. J Environ Qual, 1996, 25 (6): 1366-1370

Memo

Memo:
-
Last Update: 2019-02-25