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Advances in conservation biology of the rare and threatened butterfly genus Luehdorfia (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae)(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

2014 06
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Advances in conservation biology of the rare and threatened butterfly genus Luehdorfia (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae)
DONG Siyu JIANG Guofang HONG Fang
Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biodiversity and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
Luehdorfia Luehdorfia chinensis Luehdorfia japonica feeding behavior conservation biology bioecology

Luehdorfia is one of the rare and endangered butterfly genera widely researched in the world. This paper introduces the research progress on the four species of the genus Luehdorfia butterflies in the past 50 years, mainly on L. chinensis and L. japonica. The review covers the Luehdorfia phylogenetic relationships, biological characteristics, molecular ecology, behavioral ecology, population status and protection. By means of morphological identification and molecular systematics, most scholars believe that the Luehdorfia butterflies originated in China, whereas a few Japanese scholars think it may have originated in Japan, hence these ideas need further validation. The scholars observed, the Luehdorfia butterflies can aestivate and hibernate through the pupal stage as long as 280 days or so. The early Luehdorfia larvae have aggregation behavior. Butterflies of this genus feed only on Saruma henryi or Asarum species of Aristolochia. The male has exclusive sexual behavior; and the female forms a sphragis at the end of abdomen after mating for one time. Up to now, mitochondrial genome sequences were completely sequenced for only L. chinensis and L. taibai. Overall, Japanese scholars have conducted a wide range of in-depth research for L. japonica endemic to Japan, while China’s research is limited to the biological traits, artificial propagation and the dynamics of population quantity of L. chinensis. Therefore, we propose effective population size and the population viability analysis for L. chinensis, to provide a scientific basis for effective conservation and management of the tiger stripes butterflies. In addition, ecological genomic research is also needed to identify the oligophagous key genes and smell, taste and detoxifying enzyme genes, for further exploration of the molecular mechanism of the endangered butterfly.


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Last Update: 2015-01-06