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 Ultrastructure and function of anaerobic ammonium oxidation bacteria cells(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

2014 05
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 Ultrastructure and function of anaerobic ammonium oxidation bacteria cells
 JIA Fangxu PENG Yongzhen WANG Shanyun WANG Shuying YANG Qing
 1Beijing Key Laboratory for Water Quality Science and Water Environment Recovery Engineering, Engineering Research Center of Beijing, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
2State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
 anaerobic ammonium oxidation ultrastructure anammoxosome ladderane storage particles cell division ring S-layer
X703.1 : X172

Anaerobic ammonium oxidation bacteria are chemolitho-autotrophs belonging to a clade of deeply branching Planctomycetes. The anammox bacteria use ammonium as an electron donor for nitrite reduction to dinitrogen gas under anoxic conditions. The anammox process is an attractive treatment option for removing nitrogen from wastewater with high efficiency and low consumption. In order to fully apply this process, it is necessary to study the cell biology of anammox bacteria, which is made possible by the fast development of electron-microscopy technology. The structure of anaerobic ammonium oxidation bacteria cells is special, with three separate compartments of cytoplasm bounded by individual bilayer membranes, namely the anammoxosome membrane, intracytoplasmic membrane, and cytoplasmic membrane, respectively. This study selected the anammox bacteria cells as the research object to investigate and describe the morphological specificity of organelle, membrane structure, storage particles and cell appendages from inside to outside, and make a further explanation and assumption of their functions. We found that 1) the anammoxosome occupies about fifty percent cell volume, with the intracytoplasmic compartment the very important place for anammox catabolism. 2) The ladderane lipids occur in the membrane of the anammoxosome and it can protect the cell from the toxic anammox intermediates. 3) Iron particles in anammoxosome can provide heme with iron to expedite the cell metabolism; the function of glycogen and the riboplasmic particles in riboplasm could be that anammox bacteria store glycogen and riboplasmic particles for biofilm formation and energy storage, respectively. 4) The function of the pilus-like appendages is for adherence to the environment or in cell-to-cell communication, and S-layer of Anammox bacteria plays a key role in maintaining cell shape and integrity. Further researches are suggested to focus on ultrastructure changes in the anammox treatment of different wastewater and operating conditions.



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