|Table of Contents|

Distribution and Status of Silicon in Rice Plant(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

Issue:
2012 03
Page:
444-449
Research Field:
Articles
Publishing date:

Info

Title:
Distribution and Status of Silicon in Rice Plant
Author(s):
BAI Shuqin Amurishana Gaowanaren YANG Fan WANG Yuan WANG Guihua YOKOYAMA Takushi
(1College of Environment and Resources, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, China)
(2Biochemical Research Institute, Hohhot Vocational College, Hohhot 010051, China)
(3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 8128581, Japan)
Keywords:
rice plant distribution of silicion status of silicic acid X-ray analytical microscope scanning electron microscope (SEM)
CLC:
S511.01
PACS:
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00444
DocumentCode:

Abstract:
The content, distribution and existing form of silicon in tissues of rice plant were analyzed by UV-Vis spectrophotometer, X-ray analytical microscope and scanning electron microscope (SEM), and the chemical properties of silicic acid were investigated, which will provide a scientific basis for comprehensive utilization of silicon in rice plant. The results showed that silicic acid in soil was absorbed by rice plant in the form of monosilicic acid and transferred to different organs. The contents of the silicic acid varied with the growing periods, reaching 912 mg/L (expressed as SiO2) in maturity. The comparison of silicic acid concentrations in xylem sap and in soil solution showed that the silicic acid was selectively absorbed and concentrated during the transportation from soil to xylem, and the concentration ratio of silicic acid was considerably high being 85 fold at maximum. X-ray characteristic images of silicon showed that silicon existed widely in each tissue and its content was higher in the rigid parts. SEM image suggested that the silicon colloid deposited in different organs had specific shapes and was insoluble in strong acid. The content of silicic acid in each tissue was determined after decomposition of organic material with mixed acids, indicating that the highest content of silicic acid of 13.3% was observed in rice hull. As a result, the rice hull is one of the most potential nature resources to produce elemental silicon and silicon carbide materials.

References

1 Han XH (韩兴华), Wang GL (王广龙), Li DZ (李德志). Effect of silicon on increasing yield mechanics of rice and its application. Mod Agric Sci & Technol (现代农业科技), 2006, 8 (Suppl.): 94~94
2 Rao LH (饶立华), Tan LX (覃莲祥), Zhu YX (朱玉贤). Effect of silicon on the growth of rice plant. Plant Physiol Commun (植物生理学通讯), 1986, 3: 20~24
3 Zhu XP (朱小平), Wang YB (王义炳), Li JQ (李家全). Research on properties of silicon nutrition for rice. Chin J Soil Sci (土壤通报), 1995, 26 (5): 232~233
4 Ma JF, Yamaji N. Silicon up take and accumulation in higher plants. Trends Plant Sci, 2006, 11 (8) : 392~397
5 Ma JF. Role of silicon in enhancing the resistance of plants to biotic and abiotic stresses. Soil Sci Plant Nutr, 2004, 50: 11~18
6 Wei CX (魏成熙), Ouyang CT (欧阳昌亭), Zhu ZG (朱正国). The study of the efficiency of calcium silicate fertilizer on rice. Gengzuo Yu Zaipei (耕作与栽培), 1993, 3: 49~51
7 Ma TS (马同生). A review of the study on paddy soil silicon nutrient and silicon fertilizer in China. Turangxue Jinzhan (土壤学进展), 1990, 18 (4): 1~5
8 Gao EM (高尔明), Zhao QZ (赵全志). Physiological effects of silicon fertilizer to increase production of rice. Gengzuo Yu Zaipei ( 耕作与栽培), 1998, 5 (20): 22~28
9 Zhou JH(周建华), Wang YR(王永锐). Physiological studies on poisoning effects of Cd and Cr on rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings through inhibition of Si nutrition. Chin J Appl Environ Biol (应用与环境生物学报), 1999, 5 (1): 11~15
10 Ma JF, Takahashi E. Soil, Fertilizer, and Plant Silicon Research in Japan. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 2002.49~61
11 Rodrigues FA, Vale FXR, Datnoff LE, Prabhu AS. Effeet of rice growth stages and silicon on sheath blight development. Phytopathology, 2003, 93: 256~261
12 Patwardhan SV, Clarson SJ, Perry CC. On the role(s) of additives in bioinspired silicification. Chem Commun, 2005, 9: 1113~1121
13 Ma XL (马雪泷), Fang JY (房江育). Nanometer SiO2 in rice husk, Its development and application. Resour Dev & Market (资源开发与市场), 2005, 21 (5): 389~390
14 Hildebrand M. Biological processing of nanostructrued silica in diatoms. Prog Org Coat, 2003, 47: 256~266
15 Piperno DR, Sues HD. Dinosaurs dined on grass. Science, 2005, 310: 1126~1128
16 Ma JF, Tamai K, Yamaji N, Mitani N, Konishi S, Katsuhara M, Ishiguro M, Murata Y, Yano M. A silicon transporter in rice. Nature, 2006, 440 (30): 688~691
17  Iler RK. The Chemistry of Silica. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1979
18 Kinrade SD, Deguns EW, Gillson AE, Knight CTG. Complexes of Pentaoxo and Hexaoxo Silicon with Furanoidic Vicinal cis-Diol in Aqueous Solution. J Chem Soc Dalton Trans, 2003: 3713~3716
19 Bai SQ, Tsuji Y, Okaue Y, Yokoyama T. First detection of a silicic acid complex with a catechol derivative under natural conditions. Chem Lett, 2008, 37: 1168~1169
20 藤井弘志. 硅酸和作物生产. 东京: 日本博友社, 2002
21 Lü HD (吕厚东), Li RH (李荣华), Lü HY (吕厚远). Phytolith in plant. Bull Biol (生物学通报), 1992, 10: 18~20
22 Bommel KJCV, Friggeri A, Shinkai S. Organic templates for the generation of inorganic materials. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2003, 42 (9): 980~999
23 Numata M, Sugiyasu K. Haswgawa T, Shikai S. Sol-gel reaction using DNA as a template: An attempt toward transcription of DNA into inorganic materials. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2004, 43: 3279~3283
24 原尚道. Utilization of rice husk ash for calcium silicate lightweight building materials. 矿物学雑誌 (日语), 1988, 18 (6): 405~407
25 清水克彦. From silica biomineralization to silicon biotechnology. 化学和生物, 2001, 39 (10): 634~636

Memo

Memo:
-
Last Update: 2012-06-19