|Table of Contents|

Effects of Wildness Training Giant Pandas?Grazing and Artificial Harvesting on Clone Population Biomass of Umbrella Bamboo (Fargesia robusta)*(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

Issue:
2012 01
Page:
1-8
Research Field:
Articles
Publishing date:

Info

Title:
Effects of Wildness Training Giant Pandas?Grazing and Artificial Harvesting on Clone Population Biomass of Umbrella Bamboo (Fargesia robusta)*
Author(s):
ZHOU Shiqiang HUANG Jinyan ZHANG Yahui LI Rengui LIU Dian HUANG Yan LI Desheng ZHANG Hemin
(China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda, Wolong 623006, Sichuan, China)
Keywords:
Fargesia robusta clone population biomass Ailuropoda melanoleuca grazing artificial harvesting wildness training Wolong Nature Reserve
CLC:
S718.51 : S795.02
PACS:
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00001
DocumentCode:

Abstract:
Giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) have evolved to be obligate bamboo grazers, and 99% of their diets consist of subalpine bamboo species. The life span of giant pandas are directly related to the life cycle of the bamboo which pandas feed on, so the regeneration of bamboo is directly linked to survival and conservation of giant pandas. The biomass of population and ramet were used to evaluate the impact of panda foraging and artificial harvesting on the sustainability of umbrella bamboo (Fargesia robusta) in Wolong Nature Reserve, China. From 2003 to 2007, the population density, age, and growth characteristics of F. robusta clone were monitored by the methods of the immobile plot sampling and positioning observation. Three types of plots were located in the reserve: Grazed (bamboo in the wildness training enclosure from July 2003 to September 2004), harvested (bamboo cut in the spring of 2004), and control (no treatments from 2003 to 2007). The simultaneous regressive models of each age-class bamboo and remnant stake biomass in both ways of population and ramet were constructed using the methods of harvest and non-destructive volume estimation. Then the effects of wildness training pandas?grazing and artificial harvesting on the clone population and ramet biomass of F. robustawe were analyzed according to the models. Controlling the demographic, morphologic, population biomass and environmental conditions, panda feeding and artificial harvesting resulted in a reduction of bamboo productivity, and influenced the restoration and development of experimental populations from 2005 to 2007. Compared to the bamboo population biomass in the control plots, the value in panda grazed plots was lower (e.g. bamboo shoot biomass in grazed plots was 57.79% of that in control plots). The ramet biomass of each age-class bamboo was up to the standards of panda feeding, with the exception of 2004 year, and was in capacity of sustainingly providing food resources to pandas. However, the population biomass of F. robusta clone decreased dramatically due to the artificial harvest (e.g. bamboo shoot biomass was 14.69% of that in control plots). Therefore, bamboo shoot and ramet biomass were mainly reason for the qualification for panda grazing. Fig 2, Tab 42, Ref 32

References

1 Hu JC (胡锦矗), Schaller GB, Pan WS (潘文石), Zhu J (朱靖). Wolong’s Giant Panda. Chengdu, China: Sichuan Science and Technology Publishing (成都: 四川科技出版社), 1985
2 Schaller GB, Hu JC, Pan WS, Zhu J. The Giant Pandas of Wolong. Chicago, USA: University of Chicago Press, 1985. 47~107
3 Wei FW, Feng Z, Wang Z, Li M. Feeding strategy and resource partitioning between giant and red pandas. Mammal, 1999, 63: 417~430
4 Wei FW, Wang ZW, Hu JC. Habitat use and separation between the giant panda and red panda. J Mammal, 2000, 80: 448~455
5 Liu XH, Skidmore AK, Wang TJ, Yong YG, Prins HHT. Giant panda movements in Foping Nature Reserve, China. J Wildl Manage, 2000, 66: 1179~1188
6 Liu XH, Toxopeus AG, Skidmore AK, Shao XM, Dang GD,Wang TJ, Prins HHT. Giant panda habitat selectionin Foping Nature Reserve, China. J Wildl Manage, 2005, 69: 1623~1632
7 Pan WS (潘文石), Lü Z (吕植), Zhu XJ (朱小健), Wang DJ (王大军), Wang H (王昊), Long Y (龙玉), Fu DL (傅达莉), Zhou X (周欣). A Chance for Lasting Survive. Beijing, China: Beijing University Press (北京: 北京大学出版社), 2001
8 Johnson KG, Schaller GB, Hu JC. Response of giant pandas to a bamboo die-off. Nat Geogr Res, 1988, 4: 855~868
9 Reid DG, Hu JC, Dong S, Wang W, Huang Y. Giant panda behavior and carrying capacity following a bamboo die-off. Biol Conserv, 1989, 49: 149~154
10 Wang XH (王小红). Influences of bamboo bloom to life of giant panda. J Chengdu Univ Nat Sci Ed (成都大学学报自然科学版), 2009, 28 (1): 16~20
11 Zhao XH (赵晓红), Liu GP (刘广平), Ma ZF (马泽芳). Determination of the tannin in bamboo and its effect on the panda. J Northeast For Univ (东北林业大学学报), 2001, 29 (2): 67~71
12 Wang PY (王鹏彦), Li DS (李德生), Zhou YM (周应敏), Huang Z (黄治), Wu DF (吴代福), Xie H (谢浩). Reasons of wild training panda eating with bamboo in the special period. Chin J Appl Environ Biol (应用与环境生物学学报), 2007, 13 (3): 345~348
13 Taylor AH, Qin ZS. Structure and dynamics of bamboos in the Wolong Nature Reserve, China. Am J Bot, 1993, 80: 375~384
14 Qin ZS (秦自生), Taylor AH, Cai XC (蔡绪慎). Bamboos and Forest Dynamic Succession of Giant Panda’s Habitat in Wolong. Beijing, China: China Forestry Publishing House (北京: 中国林业出版社), 1993. 1~389
15 Yi TP (易同培). Bamboo Flora of Sichuan. Beijing, China: China Forestry Publishing House (北京: 中国林业出版社), 1997. 85~87
16 Li CB (李成彪). A Study of Staple Food Bamboo for the Giant Panda. Guiyang, China: Guizhou Publishing House of Science & Technology (贵阳: 贵州科技出版社), 1997. 83~221
17 Wang W, Franklin. SB, Ouellette JR. Clonal regeneration of an arrow bamboo, Fargesia qinlingensis, following giant panda herbivory. Plant Ecol, 2007, 192: 97~106
18 Zhou SQ (周世强), Huang JY (黄金燕), Zhang YH (张亚辉), Li RG (李仁贵), Li DS (李德生), Zhang HM (张和民). The effects of wildness training giant pandas grazing and artificial harvesting on the regeneration of umbrella bamboo (Fargesia robusta) clone population. Acta Ecol Sin (生态学报), 2009, 29 (9): 4804~4814
19 Zhou SQ (周世强), Huang JY (黄金燕), Zhang YH (张亚辉), Li RG (李仁贵), Li DS (李德生), Zhang HM (张和民). Effects of wilderness-training Ailuropoda melanoleuca’s grazing and artificial harvesting on population structure of Fargesia robusta clone. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2010, 21 (7): 1709~1717
20 Zhou SQ (周世强), Huang JY (黄金燕), Wei RP (魏荣平), Zhang YH (张亚辉), Liu B (刘斌), Song SX (宋仕贤), Wang PY (王鹏彦), Zhang HM (张和民). The population density and biomass of bamboos in the giant panda base of Wolong. J Sichuan For Sci & Technol (四川林业科技), 2008, 29 (3): 8~13
21 Dong WY (董文渊). Studies on the clonal population degradation and restoration mechanism of Qiongzhuea tumidinoda: [Postdoctor Work Report]. Beijing, China: Chinese Academy of Forestry Sciences (北京: 中国林业科学院), 2006
22 Liu XD (刘香东), Hunag RC(黄荣澄), Ran JH (冉江洪红), Li B (李波), Tang KC (汤开成). Effects of bamboo shoots- collecting on the shoot growth of giant panda’s diet bamboo Chimonobambusa szechuanensis. Chin J Ecol (生态学杂志), 2010, 29 (11): 2139~2145
23 Zhou SQ (周世强), Huang JY (黄金燕), Wang PY (王鹏彦), Zhang HM (张和民). A study of the diversity of the plant community in giant pandas’ field training area. J Sichuan For Sci & Technol (四川林业科技), 2005, 26 (2): 15~20
24 Zhang HM (张和民), Wang PY (王鹏彦). Study on Reproduction of Giant Panda. Beijing, China: China Forestry Publishing House (北京: 中国林业出版社), 2003
25 Zhou SQ (周世强), Zhang HM (张和民), Li DS (李德生). Conservation and management strategies of habitats based on the foraging behavior of giant pandas. Sichuan J Zool (四川动物), 2010, 29 (3): 340~345
26 Wolong National Natural Reserve Administration (卧龙自然保护区管理局), Biology Department of Nanchong Normal College (南充师范学院生物系), Conservation Department of Sichuan Forest Office (四川省林业厅保护处). Wolong Plant Vegetation and Resource Plants. Chengdu, China: Sichuan Publishing House of Science & Technology (成都: 四川科技出版社), 1987. 11~194
27 Zhou SQ (周世强), Huang JY (黄金燕), Zhang YH (张亚辉), Li DS (李德生), Huang Y (黄炎), Zhou XP (周小平), Wang PY (王鹏彦), Zhang HM (张和民). Diversity of plant community of giant panda’s habitat in the Wolong Natural Reserve V: Species diversity in different bamboo forests. Chin J Appl & Environ Biol (应用与环境生物学学报), 2009, 15 (2): 180~187
28 Zhou SQ (周世强), Huang JY (黄金燕), Wang PY (王鹏彦), Zhang HM (张和民). A study on the feature of bamboo growth and biomass structure in giant panda’s field training area. J Bamboo Res (竹子研究汇刊), 2004, 23 (2): 21~25
29 Zhou SQ (周世强), Huang JY (黄金燕), Wang PY (王鹏彦), Zhang HM (张和民). The relationship of umbrella bamboo’s remnant stakes and lossed bamboo segments after eaten by the wildness training giant panda. For Invent & Plan (林业调查规划), 2006, 31 (2): 88~92
30 Chandrashekara UM. Ecology of Bambusa arudinacea (Retz.) wild growing in teak plantations of Kerala, India. For Ecol & Manage, 1996, 87: 149~162
31 Zhang HB (张红兵), Jia LX (贾来喜), Li L (李潞). Valuable Book of SPSS. Beijing, China: Publishing House of Electronics Industry (北京: 电子工业出版社), 2007. 25~116
32 Zhou SQ (周世强), Huang JY (黄金燕), Li W (李伟), Liu B (刘斌), Xie H (谢浩), Yang J (杨杰), Wang PY (王鹏彦), Zhang HM (张和民). Food habits and selection for umbrella bamboo ( Fargesia robusta) of wildness training giant panda. Sichuan J Zoo (四川动物), 2006, 25 (1): 76~80

Memo

Memo:
-
Last Update: 2012-02-29