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Research progress and perspectives on vertical wheat farms(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

2021 02
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Research progress and perspectives on vertical wheat farms
JIANG Cheng1 WANG Fang2 FAN Xiaoli1 & WANG Tao1 3?
1 Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China2 Institute of Urban Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu 610000, China3 Innovative Academy of Seed Design, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) vertical wheat farm three-dimensional agricultural model intellectualization

Vertical wheat farms (VWFs) are a three-dimensional agricultural model developed in recent decades based on the traditional two-dimensional agricultural model. They have the advantages of a high utilization efficiency per unit area, environmental friendliness, and a high utilization rate of resources and are not affected by extreme climate, are pollution-free, and are highly intelligent. In this study, we introduce and discuss the research progress on VWF from the development history, potential advantages, promotion potential of wheat scientific research, and obstacles to large-scale application. The purpose of VWF development has changed from meeting the needs of space exploration or interstellar migration to ensuring food supply security in recent years. The main limiting factors for the development of VWFs are the far higher costs than returns, high research and development costs, and difficulty of research and development. However, owing to their extremely high utilization efficiency per unit area, they can achieve annual planned production (precise control of yield and quality) that is not affected by the natural environment, as well as intelligent and efficient operation with a precise control system. VWFs can not only produce a large amount of food but also promote wheat research. They can also have a positive effect on returning farmland to forests or lakes and regulating urban ecosystems. With the progress of society, science, and technology, VWFs are likely to overcome the cost limitation in the future. By relying on their core advantages such as efficient utilization of resources and high intelligence, VWFs can be comprehensively developed and are expected to become the main model for wheat research and commercial production.


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Last Update: 2021-04-25