|Table of Contents|

Effects of provenance and common garden environment on leaf functional traits of Machilus pauhoi seedlings(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

Issue:
2019 03
Page:
648-654
Research Field:
Articles
Publishing date:

Info

Title:
Effects of provenance and common garden environment on leaf functional traits of Machilus pauhoi seedlings
Author(s):
CHEN Jiajing1 2 YU Hua1 2 XU Chaobin1 2 & ZHONG Quanlin1 2**
1 Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory for Plant Eco-physiology, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China 2 Institute?of?Geography,?Fujian?Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
Keywords:
leaf functional trait phenotypic plasticity provenance common garden seedling of Machilus pauhoi
CLC:
S718.45
PACS:
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.201809015
DocumentCode:

Abstract:
To understand the resource allocation and utilization of Machilus pauhoi leaves and their response to environmental changes during the growth, and to further explore the main mechanism for the variation in functional traits of M. pauhoi, 1.5-year-old M. pauhoi seedlings were studied. We compared the differences in leaf area (LA), leaf dry weight (LDW), leaf mass per area (LMA), leaf morphology index (LMI), and leaf tissue density (LTD) between two common gardens in Nanchang, Jiangxi Province and Shunchang, Fujian Province. We analyzed the effects of provenance and common garden environments on the functional traits of M. pauhoi leaves. The results showed that provenance and the soil environment of the common garden jointly affected the leaf functional traits, such as LA, LDW, LMA, LMI, and LTD of M. pauhoi seedlings, and the contribution of the soil environment of the common garden on the functional traits of seedlings was higher than that of the provenance (except for LA). The temperature of provenance was the main factor affecting the variation of functional traits of M. pauhoi seedlings among different provenances. LA was mainly affected by the provenance temperature in July (P < 0.01), and LDW and LMI were mainly affected by the annual average temperature of the provenance (P < 0.01). LMA and LTD were affected by the latitude and the provenance temperature in January (P < 0.01). Soil fertility and nutrients were the main factors affecting the differences in functional traits between the two common gardens, except that there was no significant difference in LA. The leaf functional traits of seedlings in the Nanchang common garden were the largest among three provenances. LA was mainly affected by the provenance environment or genetics. Leaf functional traits such, as LDW, LMA, LMI, and LTD were mainly affected by soil fertility and nutrients in common gardens. The phenotypic plasticity index of leaf functional traits was the largest in LTD (0.96) and the smallest in LA (0.53), indicating that the leaf functional traits of seedlings responded differently to the provenance and common garden environment. The results could provide guidance for excellent provenance selection and efficient breeding of M. pauhoi seedlings.

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Last Update: 2019-06-25