|Table of Contents|

Characteristics of antibiotic resistance genes in the soil of a medical waste disposal site: A case study of a disposal site in the hilly area of eastern China(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

2019 03
Research Field:
Publishing date:


Characteristics of antibiotic resistance genes in the soil of a medical waste disposal site: A case study of a disposal site in the hilly area of eastern China
CHI Ting ZHAO Zhenqian ZHANG Houhu** & KONG Deyang
Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Nanjing, 210042, China
antibiotic resistance gene soil medical waste high-throughput sequencing environmental pollution

Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) are considered globally emergent pollutants in many environmental systems. Microorganisms in soil represent an evolutionary origin of ARGs and have been proposed as a reservoir for ARGs exchanging with clinical pathogens. To test the ARG profiles in the target medical waste dumping area, 28 different soil samples were taken from the area with medical waste and the nearby area. Metagenomes of the microorganisms from the soil sample were extracted for high-throughput sequencing. ARG abundances in these samples were then obtained by searching the metagenomic sequences against the antibiotic resistance genes database and by evaluating ARGs per copy of the 16S rRNA gene at the type level and subtype level. Overall, compared to the nearby samples, the samples from the area with medical waste was significantly enriched with the ARGs encoding resistances to aminoglycoside, chloramphenicol, sulfonamide, and tetracycline (achieved 0.0134 ± 0.0138, 0.00615 ± 0.00747, 0.0188 ± 0.0254, and 0.00504 ± 0.00292 ARGs copy number/16S rRNA gene copy number, respectively). This was especially true for the ARG subtypes of sul1 (sulfonamide), floR (chloramphenicol), catB (chloramphenicol), aph(3’’)-I (aminoglycoside), and tetG (tetracycline). Moreover, the diversity of ARGs in the samples from the polluted area was significantly higher than that of other samples (t-test, P < 0.05). The comparatively high abundance and diversity of ARGs indicated the potential health risk of the medical wastes in the soil in the area.


1 Pruden A, Pei RT, Storteboom H. Antibiotic resistance genes as emerging contaminants: studies in northern Colorado [J]. Environ Sci Technol, 2006, 40 (23): 7445-7450
2 Martinez JL. Antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes in natural environments [J]. Science, 2008, 321 (5887): 365-367
3 Benvenis R, Davies J. Aminoglycoside antibiotic-inactivating enzymes in actinomycetes similar to those present in clinical isolates of antibiotic-resistant bacteria [J]. PNAS, 1973, 70 (8): 2276-2280
4 Marshall CG, Lessard I AD, Park IS. Glycopeptide antibiotic resistance genes in glycopeptide-producing organisms [J]. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 1998, 42 (9): 2215-2220
5 沈怡雯, 黄智婷, 谢冰. 抗生素及其抗性基因在环境中的污染、降解和去除研究进展[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2015, 21 (2): 181-187 [Shen YW, Huang ZT, Xie B. Advances in research of pollution, degradation and removal of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes in the environment [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2015, 21 (2): 181-187]
6 Forsberg KJ, Reyes A, Wang B. The shared antibiotic resistome of soil bacteria and human pathogens [J]. Science, 2012, 337 (6098): 1107-1111
7 Hatosy SM, Martiny AC. The ocean as a global reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes [J]. Appl Environ Microb, 2015, 81 (21): 7593-7599
8 Chen BW, Yang Y, Liang X M. Metagenomic profiles of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) between human impacted estuary and deep ocean sediments [J]. Environ Sci Technol, 2013, 47 (22): 12753-12760
9 Segawa T, Takeuchi N, Rivera A. Distribution of antibiotic resistance genes in glacier environments [J]. Environ Microbiol Rep, 2013, 5 (1): 127-134
10 Amos GCA, Zhang L, Hawkey P M. Functional metagenomic analysis reveals rivers are a reservoir for diverse antibiotic resistance genes [J]. Vet Microbiol, 2014, 171 (3-4): 441-447
11 Rahube TO, Marti R, Scott A. Impact of fertilizing with raw or anaerobically digested sewage sludge on the abundance of antibiotic-resistant coliforms, antibiotic resistance genes, and pathogenic bacteria in soil and on vegetables at harvest [J]. Appl Environ Microb, 2014, 80 (22): 6898-6907
12 罗义, 周启星. 抗生素抗性基因(ARGs)——一种新型环境污染物[J]. 环境科学学报, 2008, 28 (8): 1499-1505 [Luo Y, Zhou QX. Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) as emerging pollutants [J]. Acta Sci Circumst, 2008, 28 (8):1499-1505]
13 王柳红, 奚慧, 黄兴华, 孙金昭, 谢冰. 城市垃圾填埋场抗生素抗性基因的污染特征[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2019, 25 (2): 333-3328 [Wang LH,Xi H, Huang XH, Xie B.Characteristics of antibiotic resistance genes in municipal solid waste landfill [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2019, 25 (2): 333-3328]
14 Gao P, Mao D, Luo Y, Wang L, Xu B, Xu L. Occurrence of sulfonamide and tetracycline-resistant bacteria and resistance genes in aquaculture environment [J]. Water Res, 2012; 46 (7): 2355-2364
15 史昕龙, 赵由才. 医疗废物管理与污染控制技术[M]. 北京: 化学工业出版社, 2017 [Shi XL, Zhao YC. Medical Waste Management and Pollution Control Technology [M]. Beijing. Chemical Industry Press, 2017]
16 Yin X, Jiang XT, Chai B, Li L, Yang Y, Cole JR, Tiedje JM, Zhang T. ARGs-OAP v2. 0 with an expanded SARG database and hidden markov models for enhancement characterization and quantification of antibiotic resistance genes in environmental metagenomes. Bioinformatics, 2018, 34 (13): 2263-2270
17 Yang Y, Jiang X, Chai B. ARGs-OAP: online analysis pipeline for antibiotic resistance genes detection from metagenomic data using an integrated structured ARG-database [J]. Bioinformatics, 2016, 32 (15): 2346-2351
18 Yang Y, Jiang X T, Zhang T. Evaluation of a hybrid approach using UBLAST and BLASTX for metagenomic sequences annotation of specific functional genes [J]. PLoS ONE, 2014, 9 (10): 10.1371/journal.pone.0110947
19 Desantis TZ, Hugenholtz P, Larsen N. Greengenes, a chimera-checked 16S rRNA gene database and workbench compatible with ARB [J]. Appl Environ Microb, 2006, 72 (7): 5069-5072
20 Ramette A. Multivariate analyses in microbial ecology. FEMS Microbiol Ecol, 2007, 62 (2): 142-160
21 Li AD, Li LG, Zhang T. Exploring antibiotic resistance genes and metal resistance genes in plasmid metagenomes from wastewater treatment plants [J]. Front Microbiol, 2015, 6: 1025
22 Li B, Yang Y, Ma L. Metagenomic and network analysis reveal wide distribution and co-occurrence of environmental antibiotic resistance genes [J]. ISME J, 2015, 9 (11): 2490-502
23 Higgins CF. Multiple molecular mechanisms for multidrug resistance transporters [J]. Nature, 2007, 446 (7137): 749-757
24 Thiolas A, Bornet C, Davin-Regli A, Pagès JM, Bollet C. Resistance to imipenem, cefepime, and cefpirome associated with mutation in Omp36 osmoporin of Enterobacter aerogenes [J]. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2004, 317 (3): 851-856
25 Levesque C, Piche L, Larose C. PCR mapping of integrons reveals several novel combinations of resistance genes [J]. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 1995, 39 (1): 185-191
26 Hoa PTP, Nonaka L, Viet PH, Suzuki S. Detection of the sul1, sul2, and sul3 genes in sulfonamide-resistant bacteria from wastewater and shrimp ponds of North Vietnam [J]. Sci Total Environ, 2008, 405 (1-3): 377-384
27 Ma L, Li AD, Yin XL. The prevalence of integrons as the carrier of antibiotic resistance genes in natural and man-made environments [J]. Environ Sci Technol, 2017, 51 (10): 5721-5728
28 Luo Y, Wang Q, Lu Q, Mu Q, Mao D. An ionic liquid facilitates the proliferation of antibiotic resistance genes mediated by class I integrons [J]. Environ Sci Technol Lett, 2014, 1 (5): 266-270
29 Cloeckaert A, Baucheron S, Chaslus-Dancla E. Nonenzymatic chloramphenicol resistance mediated by IncC plasmid R55 is encoded by a floR gene variant [J]. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 2001, 45 (8): 2381-2382
30 Doublet B, Schwarz S, Kehrenberg C, Cloeckaert A. Florfenicol resistance gene floR is part of a novel transposon [J]. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 2005, 49 (5): 2106-2108
31 Tennstedt T, Szczepanowski R, Braun S, Pühler A, Schlüter A. Occurrence of integron-associated resistance gene cassettes located on antibiotic resistance plasmids isolated from a wastewater treatment plant [J]. FEMS Microbiol Ecol, 2003, 45 (3): 239-252
32 Scholz P, Haring V, Wittmann-Liebold B, Ashman K, Bagdasarian M, Scherzinger E. Complete nucleotide sequence and gene organization of the broad-host-range plasmid RSF1010 [J]. Gene, 1989, 75 (2): 271-88
33 Roberts MC. Acquired tetracycline resistance genes//Dougherty T, Pucci M. Antibiotic Discovery and Development. Boston: Springer, 2012
34 Li AD, Metch JW, Wang Y, Garner E, Zhang AN, Riquelme MV. Effects of sample preservation and DNA extraction on enumeration of antibiotic resistance genes in wastewater [J]. FEMS Microbiol Ecol, 2018, 94 (2): 10.1093/femsec/fix189


Last Update: 2019-06-25