|Table of Contents|

Recent progress in research on the symbiotic relationship between olive (Olea europaea L.) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

2019 03
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Recent progress in research on the symbiotic relationship between olive (Olea europaea L.) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
KONG Weibao** CHEN Dong YANG Shuling ZHANG Aimei ZHU Xuetai & NIU Shiquan
College of Life Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
olive arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi symbiotic effect species diversity agent
Q948.122.3 : S144

Olive trees are inevitably affected by various stressors during seedling cultivation and growth, which can seriously affect the yield and oil quality of olive crops. Inoculation of olive trees with symbiotic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can improve the seedling survival rates, nutrient uptake, and stress tolerance of olive plants. At present, more than 13 genera and 50 species of AMF have been reported to have been isolated from the root system and rhizosphere soil of olive plants. In this study, the main factors influencing the colonization of the root system of olive by AMF were analyzed, and the effects of AMF inoculation on the growth and stress-resistance physiology of olive were described in detail. AMF were found to have the following effects on their olive host plants: (1) they promote the growth and branching of plant roots, which improves the absorption efficiency of water and mineral elements by the roots; (2) they increase the leaf area of the host plant, which improves its stomatal conductance and photosynthetic efficiency, and also provides more nutrition to the plant, making its growth more vigorous and strengthening its tolerance to transplant, drought, insect pests, and other stressors; and (3) they improve the appearance, quality, and yield of olive fruit. After summarizing and analyzing the current situation in research related to the symbiosis between AMF and olive, the prospects for further research on this topic in China and the problems to be solved by it were proposed. In summary, further studies on the symbiotic AMF species associated with domesticated olive, as well as their distributions and influences on their host plants, should be conducted in the future, and the development of effective AMF agents for the cultivation and planting of domestic olive seedlings has good prospects for use in these industries.


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Last Update: 2019-06-25