|Table of Contents|

Effects of forest gap size on ecological stoichiometric characteristics of update plants in Pinus massoniana plantation(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

Issue:
2016 06
Page:
1040-1047
Research Field:
Publishing date:

Info

Title:
Effects of forest gap size on ecological stoichiometric characteristics of update plants in Pinus massoniana plantation
Author(s):
SONG Simeng1 TAN Bo1 2 ZHOU Yang1 ZHANG Jian1 2** LI Yan1 YAO Xiaolan1 LI Xiangjun1 LI Yazhou1 CHEN Kai1 & LI Bohan1
1Monitoring Station for Eco-environments in the Rainy Zone of Southwest China, Institute of Ecology & Forestry, Sichuan Agriculture University, Chengdu 611130, China 2Collaborative Innovation Center of Ecological Security in the Upper Reaches of Yangtze River, Chengdu 611130, China
Keywords:
gap size Pinus massoniana plantation ecological stoichiometric characteristics update plant nutrient utilization
CLC:
S713 : S718.55
PACS:
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.01042
DocumentCode:

Abstract:
Plant ecological stoichiometry is an important way to investigate the material cycling and energy flow between plants and the environment, which can be modulated during forest regeneration by artificial factors such as forest gap. This study aimed to understand the effects of artificial forest gap of different sizes on the ecological stoichiometry of update dominant plants in Pinus Massoniana plantation. The ecological stoichiometric characteristics of four dominant update species (Cinnamomum longepaniculatum, Dicranopteris dichotoma, Miscanthus sinensis and Setaria plicata) were observed in seven gaps (G1: 100 m2; G2: 225 m2; G3: 400 m2; G4: 625 m2; G5: 900 m2; G6: 1 225 m2; G7: 1 600 m2; closed canopy as the control) in a 39-year-old masson pine (P. Massoniana) plantation in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. The results showed significant effects of the forest gap size on the ecological stoichiometry in all four species but with different patterns. The ratios of C : N, C : P and N : P for the tested species ranged from 17.0 to 37.7, 152.5 to 748.0, 6.4 to 21.5, respectively. With the increase of the area of forest gap, the C : N ratio in C. longepaniculatum, M. sinensis and S. plicata first increased and then decreased, but the C : P and N : P ratios first declined and then rose. The ecological stoichiometry of D. dichotoma did not vary significantly with the forest gap. The best forest gap allocation of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus was 625 m2 for C. longepaniculatum, 1 225 m2 for D. dichotoma, and 1 600 m2 for M. sinensis and S. plicata. The growth of the four dominant update plants was not limited by nitrogen or phosphorus in most of the forest gaps, whereas C. longepaniculatum and D. dichotoma were limited by nitrogen in the 900 m2 forest gap, and M. sinensis and S. plicata restricted by phosphorus in the 400 m2 forest gap. The results indicated that forest gap of 625 m2 is suitable for C. longepaniculatum, whereas D. dichotoma, M. sinensis and S. plicata need larger forest gap, i.e., 1 225-1 600 m2.

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