|Table of Contents|

The life form and environment factors of typical plant communities in the Dongting Lake wetlands(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

Issue:
2016 06
Page:
993-999
Research Field:
Publishing date:

Info

Title:
The life form and environment factors of typical plant communities in the Dongting Lake wetlands
Author(s):
HOU Zhiyong1 XIE Yonghong1** GAO Dali3 LI Feiyun3 LI Xu1 ZENG Jing1 CHEN Xinsheng1 LI Feng1 DENG Zhengmiao1 PAN Baihan1 2 & HU Jiayu1 2
1Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dongting Lake Station for Wetland Ecosystem Research, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha 410125, China 2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China 3Administration of East Dongting Lake National Nature Reserve, Yueyang 414005, China
Keywords:
Dongting Lake plant community species diversity life form groundwater level
CLC:
Q948.1
PACS:
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.01003
DocumentCode:

Abstract:
This research investigated the species diversity, life-form structure and environmental?factors of 4 main plant communities (Triarrhena lutarioriparia, Carex sp., Polygonum hydropiper, and Phalaris arundinacea) in Dongting Lake wetland. The results show that the typical plant community species diversity index varied with the elevation, presenting a “V”- type pattern, characterized by great diversity in both high and low range areas and low diversity in the intermediate zone. The change of plant community diversity index was associated with groundwater depth and species characteristics. The plant community was dominated by Therophytes (Th), followed by Geophytes (G) and Hemicryphytes (H); Chamaephytes (Ch) and Phanerophytes (Ph) were less seen. The proportion of community life form types and the same type of life form in the community increased with the elevation. CCA analysis showed that soil physical properties were an important influencing factor for the composition of plant community life form, and that the ?groundwater level and?elevation? both played a decisive role in the plant life form. This study shows that the groundwater depth and elevation affect the community species diversity index, and the changes of the groundwater level and elevation determine the distribution of life-form.

References

1 Mueller-Dubois D, Ellenberg H. Aims and Methods of Vegetation [M]. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1974: 139-147 2 Whittaker RH. Communities and Ecosystems [M]. New York: Macmillan Company, 1970: 6-17 3 高贤明, 陈灵芝. 植物生活型分类系统的修订及中国暖温带森林植物生活型谱分析[J]. 植物学报, 1998, 40 (6): 553-559 [Gao XM, Chen LZ. The revision of plant life-form system and an analysis of the life-form spectrum of forest plants in warn temperate zone of China [J]. Acta Bot Sin, 1998, 40 (6): 553 -559] 4 Walter H. Vegetation of the Earth and Ecological Systems of the Geo-biosphere [M]. 2nd ed. New York: Springer Verlag, 1979: 166-169 5 郭柯, 郑度、李渤生. 喀喇昆仑山-昆仑山地区植物的生活型组成[J]. 植物生态学报, 1998, 22 (1): 51-59 [Guo K, Zhen D, Li BS. The characteristics of plant life-form spectra in the Karakorum Kunlun Mountains [J]. Acta Phytoecol Sin, 1998, 22 (1): 51-59] 6 Sarmiento L, Llambi LD, Escalona A, Marquez N. Vegetation patterns, regeneration rates and divergence in an old-field succession of the high tropical Andes [J]. Plant Ecol, 2003, 166: 145-156 7 颜忠诚. 生态型与生活型[J]. 生物学通报, 2001, 36 (5): 4-5 [Yan ZC. Ecoform and Life-form [J]. Bull Biol, 2001, 36 (5): 4 -5] 8 张木明, 陈北光, 苏志尧. 粤北小红栲林的群落特征[J]. 华南农业大学学报, 2001, 22 (3): 9-12 [Zhang MM, Chen BG, Su ZY. Phytocoenological characters of the Castanopsis carlesii forest in North Guangdong [J]. J S China Agric Univ, 2001, 22 (3): 9-12] 9 雷泞菲, 苏智先, 宋会兴, 张焱. 缙云山常绿阔叶林不同演替阶段植物生活型谱比较研究[J]. 应用生态学报, 2002, 13 (3): 267-270 [Lei LF, Su ZX, Song HX, Zhang Y. A comparative study on life-form spectra of evergreen broad-leaved forest in different successions in Jinyun Mountain [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2002, 13 (3): 267-270] 10 白云鹏, 韩大勇, 董艳红, 赵玉晶, 李建东. 科尔沁沙地刺榆群落的结构特征[J]. 应用生态学报, 2008, 19 (2): 257-260 [Bai YP, Hang DY, Dong YH, Zhao YJ, Li JD. Structural characteristics of Hemiptelea davidii community on Kerqin sandy land [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2008, 19 (2): 257-260] 11 侯志勇, 谢永宏, 赵启鸿,黄梅. 洞庭湖湿地植物资源现状及保护与可持续利用对策[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2013, 34 (2): 181-185 [Hou ZY, Xie YH, Zhao QH, Huang M. Status, utilization and conservation of plant resources in Dongting Lake Wetlands [J]. Res Agric Mod, 2013, 34 (2): 181-185] 12 谢永宏, 陈心胜. 三峡工程对洞庭湖湿地植被演替的影响[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2008, 29 (6): 684-687 [Xie YH, Chen XS. Effect of Three-Gorge Project on succession of wetland vegetation in Dongting Lake [J]. Res Agric Mod, 2008, 29 (6): 686-687] 13 彭佩钦. 洞庭湖湿地形成演替与湿地生态研究建议[J]. 科学新闻杂志, 2007 (17): 7-8 [Peng PQ. Succession and ecological research proposal of Dongting Lake [J]. Sci News, 2007, (17): 7-8] 14 曾光明, 龙勇, 梁婕, 蔡青,黄璐, 李晓东, 袁玉洁, 武海鹏, 彭也如, 赖旭. 基于3S技术的东洞庭湖湿地植被的分布与适应性分析[J]. 湖南大学学报, 2013, 40 (5): 86-91 [Zeng GM, Long Y, Liang J, Cai Q,Huang L, Li XD, Yuan YJ, Wu HP, Peng YR, Lai X. The spatial distribution and adaptability analysis of vegetation in East Dongting lake wetland based on 3s techniques [J]. J Hunan Univ, 2013, 40 (5): 86-91] 15 Zheng JM, Wang LY, LI SY, Zhou JX, Sun QX. Relationship between community type of wetland plants and site elevation on sandbars of the East Dongting Lake, China [J]. For Stud China, 2009, 11 (1): 44-48 16 中国植被编辑委员会. 中国植物志[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 1995 [Editor Committee of Chinese Vegetation. Vegetation of China. Beijing: Science Press, 1995] 17 Cox GW. 普通生态学实验手册[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 1979: 117-119 [Cox GW. Laboratory Manual of General Ecology. Beijing: Science Press, 1979: 117-119] 18 Raunkiaer C. The life forms of Plants and Statistical Plant Geography. New York: Oxford University Press, 1932 19 Lande RA. quantitative genetic theory of life history evolution [J]. Ecology, 1982, 63: 607-615 20 Van Coller AL, Rogers KH, Heritage GL. Riparian vegetation-environment relationships: complementarity of gradients versus patch hierarchy approaches [J]. J Veg Sci, 2000, 11: 337-350 21 Naqinezhad A, Jalili A, Attar F, Maassoumi AA. Floristic characteristics of the wetland site on dry southern slopes of the AlborzMts, N. Iran: the role of altitude in floristic composition [J]. Flora, 2008, 204 (4): 254-269 22 唐承佳, 陆健健. 长江口九段沙植物群落研究[J]. 生态学报, 2003, 23 (2): 400-403 [Tang CJ, Lu JJ. Studies on plant community on the Jiuduansha Shoals at the Yangtze Estuary. Acta Ecol Sin, 2003, 23 (2): 400-403] 23 刘光崧. 土壤理化分析与剖面描述[M]. 北京: 中国标准出版社, 1996 [Liu GS. Soil Physical and Chemical Analysis and the Profile Description [M]. Beijing: China Standards Press, 1996] 24 邱扬, 张金屯. DCCA排序轴分类及其在关帝山八水沟植物群落生态梯度分析中的应用[J]. 生态学报, 2000, 20 (2): 199-206 [Qiu Y, Zhang JT. The ordination axes clustering based on detrended canonical correspondence analysis ordination and its application to the analysis of the ecological gradients of plant communities [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2000, 20 (2): 199-20] 25 沈泽吴, 张新时, 金义兴. 地形对亚热带山地景观尺度植被格局影响的梯度分析[J]. 植物生态学报. 2000, 24 (4): 430-435 [Shen ZW, Zhang XS, Jin YX. Gradient analysis of the influence of mountain topography on vegetation pattern [J]. Acta Phytoecol Sin, 2000, 24 (4): 430-435] 26 Zhang JT, Oxley ERB. A comparison of three methods of multivariate analysis of upland grasslands in North Wales [J]. J Veg, 1994, 5: 71-76 27 Chen XS, Li X, Xie YH, Li F, Hou ZY, Zeng J. Combined influence of hydrologica gradient and edaphic factors on the distribution of macrophyte communities in Dong tingLake wetlands, China [J]. Wetlands Ecol Manage, 2015, 23: 481-490 28 Sarmiento L, Llambi LD, Escalona A, Marquez N. Vegetation patterns, regeneration rates and divergence in an old-field succession of the high tropical Andes [J]. Plant Ecol, 2003, 166: 145-156 29 田中平, 庄丽, 李建贵, 徐智全, 张莉. 伊犁河谷北坡野果林群落结构及其与环境的关系[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2011, 17 (1): 39-45 [TiLan ZP, Zhuang Li, Li JG, Xu ZQ, Zhang L. Relationship between community structure of wild fruit forests and their environment on north-facing slopes of the Iri Valley [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2011, 17 (1): 39-45] 30 吴东丽, 张金屯, 王春乙, 薛红喜. 保护植物野生大豆群落不同物种间的生态关系分析[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2009, 15 (5): 638-644 [Wu DL, Zhang JT, Wang CY, Xue HX. Ecological relationships among species in communities of a protected plant Glycine soja in Beijing, China [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2009, 15 (5): 638-644] 31 Van Coller AL, Rogers KH, Heritage GL. Riparian vegetation-environment relationships: complimentarity of gradients versus patch hierarchy approaches [J]. J Veg Sci, 2000, 11: 337-350 32 Naqinezhad A, Jalili A, Attar F, Maassoumi AA. Floristic characteristics of the wetland site on dry southern slopes of the Alborz Mts., N. Iran: The role of altitude in floristic composition [J]. Flora, 2008, 204 (4): 254-269 33 Joy BZ, John CC, Julie SD, Gabrielle VS, Gregory DW, Gary S, Alice EB, Brian KB. Californian Salt-Marsh Vegetation: an improved model of spatial pattern [J]. Ecosystems, 1999, 2: 19-35 34 Solon J, Degórski M, Roo-Zielińska E. Vegetation response to a topographical-soil gradient [J]. Catena, 2007, 71: 309-320 35 Menges ES, Environmental correlates of herb species composition in five southern Wisconsin floodplain forests [J]. Am Midland Nat, 1986, 115: 106-117 36 陈亚宁, 李卫红, 徐海量, 刘加珍, ?张宏峰, ?陈亚鹏. 塔里木河下游地下水位对植被的影响[J]. 地理学报. 2003, 58 (4): 542-549 [Chen YL, Li WH, Xu HL, Liu JZ, Zhang HF, Chen YP. The influence of groundwater on vegetation in the lower reaches of Tarim River, China [J]. Acta Geogr Sin, 2003, 58 (4): 542-549]

Memo

Memo:
-
Last Update: 2016-12-30