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Advances in Research of Biodegradation of Environmental Endocrine Disruptors-Phthalate Esters(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

2008 06
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Advances in Research of Biodegradation of Environmental Endocrine Disruptors-Phthalate Esters
LUO Zhuhua1 2 HUANG Xiangling1 2 & YE Dezan1 2**
(1The Third Institute of Oceanography, 2Key Laboratory of Marine Biogenic Resource, State Oceanic Administration, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, China)
phthalate ester endocrine disruptor biodegradation plasticizer environmental pollution

Phthalate esters (PAEs) are synthetic compounds used as plasticizers to improve mechanical properties of the plastic resin, particularly its flexibility and softness. In recent years, they have attracted increasing attention owing to their extensive use, ubiquity in the environment and endocrine-disrupting activity. Microbial degradation is the principal way for completely mineralization of phthalates in natural environments. The degradation mechanisms and pathways of phthalates have been consolidated by using bacteria while those using fungi have rarely been reported. This article mainly summarizes the pollution status of phthalates, introduces the health hazard of phthalates to humans and animals, and reviews the current research progress in the microbial degradation of phthalates, including species of phthalate-degrading bacteria, degradation pathways and related molecular bases, and fungal degradation of phthalates. Fig 3, Tab 6, Ref 62


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