|Table of Contents|

16S rDNA-assisted high-throughput sequencing analysis of microbial diversity in oil reservoirs*(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

Issue:
2016 03
Page:
409-414
Research Field:
Articles
Publishing date:

Info

Title:
16S rDNA-assisted high-throughput sequencing analysis of microbial diversity in oil reservoirs*
Author(s):
XU Ying** MA Desheng SONG Wenfeng & WEI Xiaofang
PetroChina Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & Development, State Key Laboratory of Enhanced Oil Recovery, Beijing 100083, China
Keywords:
The indigenous microbial community in oil reservoirs has great influence on the application of microbial enhanced oil recovery technology (MEOR). This research aimed to investigate the microbial diversity in oil reservoirs by the combined methods of the r
CLC:
TE357.9
PACS:
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.09003
DocumentCode:

Abstract:
The indigenous microbial community in oil reservoirs has great influence on the application of microbial enhanced oil recovery technology (MEOR). This research aimed to investigate the microbial diversity in oil reservoirs by the combined methods of the recently developed next generation sequencing technology (NGS) and 16S rDNA molecular marker. Total DNA of three samples was extracted separately, followed by amplification of bacterial 16S rDNA fragment. PCR products were sequenced on the Illumina MiSeq platform. Sequencing dataset with high quality was collected for further analysis. Identification of bacteria at different taxonomic levels was performed based on the result of blast against annotated 16S rDNA database. Microbial diversity in each sample was analyzed separately and compared with each other. We obtained 123 360 16S rDNA sequences with high quality. The sequencing coverage was more than 99.9%. These sequences were clustered into 139 OTUs. Bacterial species detected in these samples covered 91 genera, 29 classes and 20 phyla, including many groups beneficial for MEOR. Bacteria (e.g. Arcobacter, Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter) that can utilize petroleum hydrocarbons as sole carbon sources were detected, even those with extremely low abundance. Moreover, the analysis of microbial community structure for each sample showed different patterns of composition characteristics and dominant groups. In D1, the main classes were γ-proteobacteria (52%) and ε-proteobacteria (39%), and the predominant genera were Pseudomonas (51%) and Arcobacter (38%). In D2, the main class was ε-proteobacteria (88%), and the predominant genus was Arcobacter (88%). In D3, the main classes were α-proteobacteria (55%), ε-proteobacteria (20%) and β-proteobacteria (19%), and the predominant genera were Rhizobium (36%) and Arcobacter (20%).The results indicated that analysis based on high-throughput sequencing data of 16S rDNA fragments is powerful in accurately reflecting microbial community structure and provides more information for MEOR than traditional methods.

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Last Update: 2016-06-25