|Table of Contents|

Pilot scale composting of Chinese herbal residues with inoculum of microbial agents(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

Issue:
2015 05
Page:
860-865
Research Field:
Articles
Publishing date:

Info

Title:
Pilot scale composting of Chinese herbal residues with inoculum of microbial agents
Author(s):
HE Jingzhong HUANG Jun ZHAO Jingtao TIAN Xueping LI Lianhua
1Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Environmental Microbiology Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China 2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China 3Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, CAS Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
Keywords:
Chinese herbal residue aerobic composting microbial agents cellulose maturity
CLC:
S141.4 : X787
PACS:
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.03048
DocumentCode:

Abstract:
The degradation of lignocellulose is a main obstacle for composting of Chinese herbal residue. Based on the lab scale experiment, this study composted 1 ton fresh Chinese herbal residue with inoculum of microbial agents. According to the T and GI value, the composts matured on 19 d. The average cellulose decomposing rates of inoculated group (JZ) and control group (CK) were 0.73 kg/d and 0.64 kg/d, respectively. Compared with CK, JZ increased the total amount of cellulose and lignin degradation by 13.39% and 118.18% respectively. Finally, the indexes including moisture content, pH, total nutrient and heavy metal content of the mature compost met the demands of the organic fertilizer standards (NY525-2012) on 30 d. The results showed that inoculating microbial agents increases compost temperature, accelerates moisture loss, promotes the bioconversion of cellulose and lignin, and facilitates speeding up compost maturity and improving compost quality. Therefore, facilitates composting Chinese herbal residue to produce organic fertilizer is feasible in pilot scale.

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Last Update: 2015-10-29