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Effects of fertilization on growth of 1-year-old Phoebe zhennan S. Lee and soil fertility(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

2015 01
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Effects of fertilization on growth of 1-year-old Phoebe zhennan S. Lee and soil fertility
HE Wei ZHANG Wei HU Tingxing CHEN Hong WANG Qian LUO Jie
1College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya’an 625014, China 2Institute of Forestry Science Research in Sichuan Province, Chengdu 610000, China
fertilization Phoebe zhennan S. Lee seedling growth soil fertility microbial biomass soil enzyme
S718 : S147.5

To explore the effects of fertilizer application on growth of Phoebe zhennan S. Lee as well as on soil fertility, a pot experiment was conducted to study the effects of application of nitrogen fertilizer (NF), compound fertilizer (CF), organic fertilizer (OF) and mixed fertilizer (MF) on growth of 1-year-old seedling of P. zhennan and soil fertility. Each fertilizer was applied at three levels based on the annual nitrogen application rate, namely, low (L, 0.3 g/pail), medium (M, 0.6 g/pail) and high (H, 0.9 g/pail), which was divided into three equal parts and applied into pail in the middle of May, July and September, respectively. The indicators of soil nutrients, microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen and enzyme activities were measured after a month of fertilization; the increment of height and ground diameter of the seedlings were measured in October, one month after the third application of fertilizer. The results showed that: 1) the promoting effect on the growth of P. zhennan was the most obvious under medium nitrogen level of organic fertilizer (MOF), with the increment up to twice that of CK. Soil fertility was also significantly improved and sustained to the late stage of fertilization (September to October); 2) NF and CF slightly promoted the growth of P. zhennan, but it could not improve or even maintain soil fertility; 3) due to the combined application of organic fertilizer based on NF, MF not only improved soil fertility, but also promoted the growth of P. zhennan significantly in comparison to NF; 4) the growth condition of P. zhennan (height and ground diameter increment) showed an extremely significant and positive correlation with soil sucrase activity and microbial biomass N, therefore these two indices can reflect growth condition effectively. On the whole, organic fertilizer with medium nitrogen level is the best fertilization choice for P. zhennan seedlings.


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