|Table of Contents|

 Composting Chinese herbal residues with inoculum of microbial agents to produce organic fertilizer(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

Issue:
2014 05
Page:
840-845
Research Field:
Articles
Publishing date:

Info

Title:
 Composting Chinese herbal residues with inoculum of microbial agents to produce organic fertilizer
Author(s):
 BI Jingfang HUANG Jun GUAN Menglong HE Jingzhong
1Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Environmental Microbiology Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Keywords:
 Chinese herbal residue microbial agents aerobic composting lignin cellulose
CLC:
S141.4 : X787
PACS:
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.03051
DocumentCode:

Abstract:
This research aimed to investigate the physical and chemical properties of Chinese herbal residues as composting materials and the effects of microbial agents on production of organic fertilizer. The temperature, moisture content, pH, cellulose content, lignin content, total dry weight, C/N, T value, organic matter and seed germination index of different composting period were measured and analyzed. The results showed that without adjusting the initial pH (5.43), C/N (21.76) and high moisture content (73%), inoculating microbial agents raised the compost temperature, reduced the moisture content, prompted cellulose and lignin degradation, increased the lignin degradation efficiency and total nitrogen content. The seed germination index of the inoculated group reached 85% on 28 d, which was 25% higher than that of the control group. The degradation efficiencies of cellulose and lignin were 23.33% and 63.09% on 40 d, respectively. Compared to the control group, the lignin degradation efficiency of the inoculated group was improved by 40.43%. At the same time, the compost showed a C/N rate of 11.65, T value of 0.54, pH of 7.08 and seed germination index 91.89%; the organic matter was about 80%. The total nutrient and heavy metals content also conformed to the standards of organic fertilizer (NY525-2012). The results indicated that it is feasible to compost Chinese herbal residues into organic fertilizer with microbial agents, which can effectively accelerate composting.

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Last Update: 2014-10-30