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A review on microbial properties of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) bacteria(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

2014 06
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A review on microbial properties of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) bacteria
ZENG Taotao LI Dong XIE Shuibo ZHANG Jie
1Hunan Province Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse Technology, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China 2Key Laboratory of Beijing for Water Quality Science and Water Environment Recovery Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China 3Key Discipline Laboratory for National Defense of Biotechnology in Uranium Mining and Hydrometallurgy, University of South China, Hengyang 421001,China 4State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
anaerobic ammonium oxidation bacteria biological nitrogen removal microbial properties environmental factor wastewater treatment
X703.1 : X172

Compared with the conventional nitrification/denitrification process, anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing (ANAMMOX) process was considered to be a promising new and sustainable process for nitrogen removal. ANAMMOX bacteria belong to the chemoautotrophic microbe, one of the research hotspots in wastewater treatment because of their specificities in physiology and metabolism. This paper summarizes the effects of environmental and ecological factors on the activity of ANAMMOX bacteria, including the substrate concentration, temperature and pH, dissolved oxygen and organic compounds. It also introduces the unique cell structure, physiological and biochemical characteristics and ecological distribution of ANAMMOX. Hypothetical scheme is shown as a combination of the central catabolism of ANAMMOX bacteria together with the nitrate reductase to generate low-redox-potential electrons for the acetyl-CoA pathway, contributing to understanding biological nitrogen removal mechanism of ANAMMOX process. Fast-developing molecular biological techniques, such as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), denaturant gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), quantitative real-time PCR and metagenomic technology, provide us a convenient way to study ANAMMOX bacterial properties, including microbial community analysis, ecological distribution and functional genes test. With the development of theories and methods on molecular biology, new technologies including metagenomics and metaproteomics will provide more accurate information of ANAMMOX bacterial microbial properties, which will contribute to comprehensive understand of ANAMMOX activities and overcome the drawbacks of slow growth rate, and further expand ANAMMOX applications in wastewater treatment.


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Last Update: 2015-01-06