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Progress on ammonia-oxidizing archaea and their response to environmental factors(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

2014 06
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Progress on ammonia-oxidizing archaea and their response to environmental factors
CHEN Yangwu HU Shuang FANG Lu JIANG Dengmei TAN Zhouliang LI Xudong
1Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China 2Chongqing Banan Environmental Monitoring Station, Chongqing 401320, China
AOA AOB environmental factors ammonia community structure abundance

Ammonia oxidation, the rate-limiting step of nitrification, is widely studied because of its importance to global nitrogen biogeochemical circulation. For more than 100 years ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) has been considered the dominant microbial community for ammonia oxidation. Only recently the enrichment culture technology and molecular biology techniques found that ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) also widely exist in different environments. The discovery of AOA not only perfects the nitrogen cycle, but also provides new directions for the research of ammonia oxidation for its response to different environmental factors. This review summarizes the discovery of archaea ammonia oxidation, focusing on the activity of AOA and its occurrence in salty water environment, fresh water environment, soil environment, sewage systems and extreme environments. It mainly discusses the impacts of AOA community structure and abundance under different environmental factors including ammonia concentration, temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen and pH. Because of its high affinity to ammonia and oxygen, AOA plays a more important role on poor nutrition, low dissolved oxygen and low pH conditions. Also, AOA could survive a more wider temperature range than AOB. The article also briefly introduces the application of AOA into composting process and the perspective for future research in this field.


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Last Update: 2015-01-06