|Table of Contents|

Early responses of soil ammonium and nitrate nitrogen to forest gap harvesting of a Pinus massoniana plantation in the upper reaches of Yangtze River(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

2015 01
Research Field:
Publishing date:


Early responses of soil ammonium and nitrate nitrogen to forest gap harvesting of a Pinus massoniana plantation in the upper reaches of Yangtze River
OU Jiang LIU Yang ZHANG Jie CUI Ningjie ZHANG Jian LI Jianping SONG Xiaoyan DENG Chao
1Key Laboratory of Ecological Forestry Engineering of Sichuan Province, Institute of Ecology & Forestry, Sichuan Agriculture University, Chengdu, 611130, China 2Ziyang Forestry Bureau, Ziyang 641300, China
gap size low-efficient plantation growing season ammonium nitrogen nitrate nitrogen soil microbe identification single factor tests
S714.3 : S756.5

To understand the short-term effects of forest gap by human harvesting on soil available nutrient in Pinus massoniana plantations, the variations of soil ammonium nitrogen (NH4+-N) and nitrate nitrogen (NO3--N) concentrations in the gap center and gap edge during growing season were observed in seven gaps of different size (G1: 100 m2; G2: 225 m2; G3: 400 m2; G4: 625 m2; G5: 900 m2; G6: 1225 m2; G7: 1600 m2) and pure understory of a 39-year-old masson pine plantation in a hilly area of the upper reaches of Yangtze River. The results showed that in the early stage of gap formation, the gap size had significant effect on NH4+-N, the season changes on NO3--N, and the interaction effect of gap size and seasonal variation on NH4+-N and NO3--N. The difference of NH4+-N and NO3--N between the gap center and gap edge was not significant. (1) The NH4+-N content was 4.30 - 11.99 mg kg-1, and NO3--N content was 2.57 - 10.81 mg kg-1. There was no obvious difference in NH4+-N and NO3--N among gaps of different size in early or late growing seasons, when both increased first and decreased afterwards in the middle of growing season. The gaps of 100~400 m2 area had a higher content of available nitrogen. (2) The seasonal dynamic differed between NH4+-N and NO3--N, with the former lower in middle growing season whereas the latter higher in the middle growing season but lower in the end of growing season. The soil NH4+-N was higher than NO3--N in the early and late periods, but lower in the middle period. (3) The soil NH4+-N and NO3--N in parts of gaps were lower than understory in the early and late growing season. (4) Correlation analyses showed that NH4+-N had significant positive correlation with microbial biomass nitrogen (MBN), and NO3--N with soil temperature, MBN and organic matter. But the impact of soil water content on available nitrogen was not significant. These results suggested that soil temperature and microbial activity variation caused by gap harvesting are the main factors affecting soil available nitrogen content of Pinus massoniana plantations.


1 Landesman WJ, Dighton J. Response of soil microbial communities and the production of plant-available nitrogen to a two-year rainfall manipulation in the New Jersey Pinelands [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2010, 42: 1751-1758
2 Mcdowell WH, Magill AH, Aitkenhead-Peterson JA, Aber JD, Merriam JL, Kaushal SS. Effects of chronic nitrogen amendment on dissolved organic matter and inorganic nitrogen in soil solution [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2004, 196: 29-41
3 丁九敏, 卜晓莉, 刘胜, 徐涵湄, 汪家社, 徐自坤, 阮宏华. 2008年雪灾对武夷山毛竹林土壤微生物生物量氮和可溶性氮的影响[J]. 生态学杂志, 2010, 29 (3): 517-522 [Ding JM, Bo XL, Liu S, Xu HM, Wang JS, Xu ZK, Ruan HH. Impacts of snow storm in 2008 on soil microbial biomass nitrogen and dissolved nitrogen in Moso bamboo forest in Wuyi Mountain [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2010, 29 (3): 517-522]
4 杨秀云, 韩有志, 宁鹏, 武小钢. 砍伐干扰对华北落叶松林下土壤有效氮含量空间异质性的影响[J]. 环境科学学报, 2011, 31 (2): 430-439 [Yang XY, Han YZ, Ning P, Wu XG. The effect of cutting disturbance on spatial heterogeneity of soil NO3--N and NH4+-N in a larch (Larix principis-rupprechtii) forest [J]. Acta Sci Circumst, 2011, 31 (2): 430-439]
5 Güleryüz G, Kirmizi S, Arslan H, Yakut EK. Alterations of the nitrogen mineralization rates in soils of forest community depending on the ski run construction (Mount Uluda?, Bursa, Turkey) [J]. J Mount Sci, 2011, 8: 53-61
6 刘庆, 吴彦, 吴宁. 玉龙雪山自然保护区丽江云杉林林窗特征研究[J]. 应用生态学报, 2003, 14 (6): 845-848 [Liu Q, Wu Y, Wu N. Forest gap characteristic in a coniferous-Picea likiangensis forest in the Yulong Snow Mountain Natural Reserve, Yunnan Province, China [J]. ChinJ Appl Ecol, 2003, 14 (6): 845-848]
7 Scharenbroch BC, Bockheim JG. Impacts of forest gaps on soil properties and processes in old-growth northern hardwood-hemlock forests [J]. Plant Soil, 2007, 294: 219-233
8 谭波, 吴福忠, 杨万勤, 张健, 徐振锋, 刘洋, 苟小林. 不同林龄马尾松人工林土壤节肢动物群落结构[J]. 应用生态学报, 2013, 24 (4): 1118-1124 [Tan B, Wu FZ, Yang WQ, Zhang J, Xu ZF, Liu Y, Gou XL. Population structure of soil arthropod in different age Pinus massoniana plantations [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2013, 24 (4): 1118-1124]
9 Wang H, Liu SR, Wang JX, Shi ZM, Lu LH, Zeng J, Ming AG, Tang JX, Yu HL. Effects of tree species mixture on soil organic carbon stocks and greenhouse gaps fluxes in subtropical plantations in China [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2013, 300: 4-13
10 Nascimbene J, Thor G, Nimis PL. Effects of forest management on epiphytic lichens in temperate deciduous forests of Europe–A review [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2013, 298: 27-38
11 王成, 庞学勇, 包维楷. 低强度林窗式疏伐对云杉人工纯林地表微气候和土壤养分的短期影响[J]. 应用生态学报, 2010, 21 (3): 541-548 [Wang C, Pang XY, Bao WK. Short term effects of low intensity thinning simulated by gap on ground microclimate and soil nutrients of pure spruce plantation [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2010, 21 (3): 541-548]
12 张希彪, 王瑞娟, 周天林, 上官周平. 黄土丘陵区油松天然次生林林窗特征与更新动态[J]. 应用生态学报, 2008, 19 (10): 2103-2108 [Zhang XB, Wang RJ, Zhou TL, Shangguan ZP. Gap features and renewal dynamics in secondary natural Pinus tabulaeformis forest in hilly loess region [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2008, 19 (10): 2103-2108]
13 Torimaru T, Itaya A, Yamamoto SI. Quantification of repeated gap formation events and their spatial patterns in three types of old-growth forests: analysis of long-term canopy dynamics using aerial photographs and digital surface models [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2012, 284: 1-11
14 Kathke S, Bruelheide H. Gap dynamics in a near-natural spruce forest at Mt. Brocken, Germany [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2010, 259: 624-632
15 Wang GL, Liu F. The influence of gap creation on the regeneration of Pinus tabuliformis planted forest and its role in the near-natural cultivation strategy for planted forest management [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2011, 262: 413-423
16 刘聪, 朱教君, 吴祥云, 杨凯. 辽东山区次生林不同大小林窗土壤养分特征[J]. 东北林业大学学报, 2011, 39 (1): 79-81 [Liu C, Zhu JJ, Wu XY, Yang K. Characteristics of soil nutrients with canopy gaps of various sizes in secondary forests in eastern mountainous region of Liaoning province, China [J]. J Northeast For Univ, 2011, 39 (1): 79-81]
17 兰涛, 夏冰, 贺善安. 马尾松的生长与气候关系的年轮分析[J]. 应用生态学报, 1994, 5 (4): 422-424 [Lan T, Xia B, He SA. Tree ring analysis on relation of Pinus massoniana growth to climate factors [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 1994, 5 (4): 422-424]
18 黄儒珠, 李机密, 郑怀舟, 王健, 周延锋. 福建长汀重建植被马尾松与木荷光合特性比较[J]. 生态学报, 2009, 29 (11): 6120-6130 [Huang RZ, Li JM, Zheng HZ, Wang J, Zhou YF. Comparison on photosynthetic characteristics between Pinus massoniana and Schima superba at the two different rehabilitation vegetation, Changting County, Fujian Province [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2009, 29 (11): 6120-6130]
19 杨玉莲, 吴福忠, 何振华, 徐振锋, 刘洋, 杨万勤, 谭波. 雪被去除对川西高山冷杉林冬季土壤微生物生物量碳氮和可培养微生物数量的影响[J]. 应用生态学报, 2012, 23 (7): 1809-1816 [Yang YL, Wu FZ, He ZH, Xu ZF, Liu Y, Yang WQ, Tan B. Effects of snow pack removal on soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen and the number of soil culturable microorganisms during wintertime in alpine Abies faxoniana forest of western Sichuan, Southwest China [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2012, 23 (7): 1809-1816]
20 Kemanian AR, Julich S, Manoranjan VS, Arnold JR. Integrating soil carbon cycling with that of nitrogen and phosphorus in the watershed model SWAT: theory and model testing [J]. Ecol Modell, 2011, 222: 1913-1921
21 Denslow JS, Ellisont AM, Sanfordi RE. Treefall gap size effects on above-and below-ground processes in a tropical wet forest [J]. Ecology, 1998, 86: 597-609
22 Muscolo A, Sidari M, Mercurio R. Influence of gap size on organic matter decomposition, microbial biomass and nutrient cycle in Calabrian pine (Pinus laricio, Poiret) stands [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2007, 242: 412-418
23 崔宁洁, 刘洋, 张健, 杨万勤, 欧江, 张捷, 邓长春, 李建平. 林窗对马尾松人工林植物多样性的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2014, 20 (1): 8-14 [Cui NJ, Liu Y, Zhang J, Yang WQ, Ou J, Zhang J, Deng CC, Li JP. Effects of forest gap on plant diversity of Pinus massoniana plantations [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2014, 20 (1): 8-14]
24 Ritter E. Litter decomposition and nitrogen mineralization in newly formed gaps in a Danish beech (Fagus sylvatica) forest [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2005, 37: 1237-1247
25 朱教君, 谭辉, 李凤芹, 陈梅, 胡理乐. 辽东山区次生林3种大小林窗夏季近地面气温及土壤温度比较[J]. 林业科学, 2009, 45 (8): 161-165 [Zhu JJ, Tan H, Li FQ, Chen M, Hu LL. Comparison of near-ground air temperature and soil temperature of summer within three gaps of different sizes at secondary forests in Eastern Montane Regions of Liaoning province [J]. Sci Silv Sin, 2009, 45 (8): 161-165]
26 谢腾芳, 薛立, 王相娥. 土壤-植物-大气连续体系中氮的研究进展[J]. 生态学杂志, 2009, 28 (10): 2107-2116 [Xie TF, Xu L, Wang XE. Nitrogen in soil-plant-atmosphere continuum: a review [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2009, 28 (10): 2107-2116]
27 Stanford G, Smith SJ. Nitrogen mineralization potential of soils [J]. Soil Sci Soc Am, 1972, 36: 465-472
28 莫江明, 郁梦德, 孔国辉. 鼎湖山马尾松人工林土壤硝态氮和铵态氮动态研究[J]. 植物生态学报, 1997, 21 (4): 335-341 [Mo JM, Yu MD, Kong GH. The dynamics of soil NH4+-N and No3--N in a pine forest of Dinghushan, as assessed by ion exchange resin bag method [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 1997, 21 (4): 335-341]
29 赵阳, 张驰, 赵竑绯, 徐小牛. 氮磷添加对亚热带常绿阔叶林土壤氮素矿化的影响[J]. 生态学杂志, 2013, 32 (7): 1690-1697 [Zhao Y, Zhang C, Zhao HF, Xu XN. Effects of N and P addition on soil nitrogen mineralization in a subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2013, 32 (7): 1690-1697]
30 胡璐, 李心清, 黄代宽, 程建中. 中国北方-蒙古干旱半干旱区土壤铵态氮的分布及其环境控制因素[J]. 地球化学, 2008, 37 (6): 572-580 [Hu L, Li XQ, Huang DK, Cheng JZ. Ammonium nitrogen in surface soil of arid and semiarid Central East Asia [J]. Geochimica, 2008, 37 (6): 572-580]
31 崔晓阳, 宋金凤. 原始森林土NH4+/NO3-生境特征与某些针叶树种的适应性[J]. 生态学报, 2005, 25 (11): 3082-3092 [Cui XY, Song JF. Soil NH4+/NO3- nitrogen characteristics in primary forests and the adaptability of some coniferous species [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2005, 25 (11): 3082-3092]
32 Prescott CE, Hope GD, Blevins LL. Effect of gap size on litter decomposition and soil nitrate concentrations in a high-elevation spruce fir forest [J]. Can J For Res, 2003, 33: 2210-2220
33 Ineson P, Taylor K, Harrison AF, Poskitt J, Benham DG, Tipping E, Woof C. Effects of climate change on nitrogen dynamics in upland soils. 1. A transplant approach [J]. Global Change Biol, 1998, 4: 143-152
34 Plassard C, Bonafos B, Touraine B. Differential effects of mineral and organic N sources, and of ectomycorrhizal infection by Hebeloma cylindrosporum, on growth and N utilization in Pinus pinaster [J]. Plant Cell Environ, 2000, 23: 1195-1205
35 Scharenbroch BC, Bockheim JG. The effects of gap disturbance on nitrogen cycling and retention in late-successional northern hardwood–hemlock forests [J]. Biogeochemistry, 2008, 87: 231-245


Last Update: 2015-02-15