|Table of Contents|

Effects of controlled burning and sun-shading net covering on soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen in a Pinus massoniana plantation(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

2014 02
Research Field:
Publishing date:


Effects of controlled burning and sun-shading net covering on soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen in a Pinus massoniana plantation
HUANG Li WU Fuzhong YANG Wanqin SONG Huixing CHEN Lianghua TAN Bo GOU Xiaolin LI Zhiping
Key Laboratory of Ecological Forestry Engineering, Institute of Ecology & Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
controlled burning sun-shading net covering Pinus massoniana plantations soil microbial biomass

Though sun-shade net covering was regarded to be able to alleviate the negative effects of controlled burning on soil microbial characters, little attention has been paid to it. This study investigated the soil microbial biomass C and N and their dynamic patterns in both controlled-burning and none burning Pinus massoniana plantations covered with sun-shading nets. Soils in three layers were sampled after covering for 60, 150 and 300 days. The results showed that controlled burning significantly reduced soil microbial biomass N contents after covering 60 days, 150 days and 300 days (P < 0.05), by 21-63%, 63-108% and 52-97%, respectively. Sun-shading net covering could significantly increase soil microbial biomass C and N contents in both burning and non-burning environment, but it could not completely alter the negative effects of controlled burning on soil microbial biomass. Sun-shading net with 85% shading rate could increase soil microbial biomass more than that with 100% shading rate, thus more effective in recovering soil microbial community. However, either controlled burning or sun-shading net covering did not significantly change soil microbial biomass carbon/nitrogen ratio (P > 0.05). In addition, there were insignificant differences in soil microbial biomass in three soil layers after controlled burning 60 days (P > 0.05). In contrast, soil microbial biomass in 15-30 cm was significantly lower than that in the other two layers after controlled burning for 150 days and 300 days (P < 0.05), especially in the treatment with no shading net covering.


1 Sun YX, Wu JP, Shao YH, Zhou LX, Mai BX, Lin YB, Fu SL. Responses of soil microbial communities to prescribed burning in two paired vegetation sites in southern China [J]. Ecol Res, 2011, 26 (3): 669-677
2 Certini G. Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: a review [J]. Oecologia, 2005, 143 (1): 1-10
3 周新年, 巫志龙, 罗积长, 张正雄, 郑丽凤, 胡喜生. 人工林生态采运研究进展[J]. 山地学报, 2009, 27 (2): 149-156 [Zhou XN, Wu ZL, Luo JC, Zhang ZX, Zheng LF, Hu XS. Progress in artificial forest ecological logging [J]. J Mount Sci, 2009, 27 (2): 149-156]
4 Laatsch JR, Anderson RC. An evaluation of oak woodland management in Northeastern lllinois, USA [J]. Nat Areas J, 2000, 20 (3): 211-220
5 Meentemeyer RK, Rank NE, Anacker BL, Rizzo DM, Cushman JH. Influence of land-cover change on the spread of an invasive forest pathogen [J]. Ecol Appl, 2008, 18 (1): 159-171
6 Van Lear DH, Brose PH, Keyser PD. Using prescribed fire to regenerate oaks [C]. In: Proceedings: Workshop on Fire, People, and the Central Hardwoods Landscape. United States Forest Service, Northeast Research Station, General Technical Report NE-274, Richmond, KY. 2000. 97-102
7 杨玉盛, 何宗明, 马祥庆, 林开敏, 俞新妥. 论炼山对杉木人工林生态系统影响的利弊及对策[J]. 自然资源学报, 1997, 12 (2): 153-159 [Yang YS, He ZM, Ma XQ, Lin KM, Yu XT. On the anvantages and disadvantages of the effects of controlled burning on the ecological system of Chinese fir platation and the countermeasures [J]. J Nat Resour, 1997, 12 (2): 153-159]
8 Stigter CJ. Mulching as a traditional method of microclimate management [J]. Arch Meteorol Geophys Bioclimatol Ser B, 1984, 35: 147-154
9 Hadrian FC, Gerardo SBV, Howard CL. Mulch effects on rainfall interception, soil physical characteristics and temperature under Zea mays L [J]. SoilTillage Res, 2006, 91: 227-235
10 张亚丽, 李怀恩, 张兴昌, 肖波. 牧草覆盖对坡面土壤矿质氮素流失的影响[J]. 应用生态学报, 2006, 17 (12): 2297-2301 [Zhang YL, Li HE, Zhang XC, Xiao B. Runoff loss of soil mineral nitrogen and its relationship with grass coverage on loess slope land [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2006, 17 (12): 2297-2301]
11 Nsabimana D, Haynes PJ, Wallis FM. Size, activity and catabolic diversity of the soil microbial biomass as affected by land use [J]. Appl Soil Ecol, 2004, 26 (2): 81-92
12 Powlson DS, Prookes PC, Christensen BT. Measurement of soil microbial biomass provides an early indication of changes in total soil organic matter due to straw incorporation [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 1987, 19: 159-164
13 Spedding TA, Hamel C, Mehuys GR, Madramootoo CA. Soil microbial dynamics in maize-growing soil under different tillage and residue management systems [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2004, 36 (3): 499-512
14 王国兵, 阮宏华, 唐燕飞, 栾以玲, 陈月琴, 陶忠芳. 北亚热带次生栎林与火炬松人工林土壤微生物生物量碳的季节动态[J]. 应用生态学报, 2008, 19 (1): 37-42 [Wang GB, Ruan HH, Tang YF, Luan YL, Chen YQ, Tao ZF. Seasonal fluctuation of soil microbial biomass carbon in secondary oak forest and Pinus taeda plantation in north subtropical area of China [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2008, 19 (1): 37-42]
15 Wardle DA. A comparative assessment of factors which influence microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen levels in soil [J]. Biol Rev, 1992, 67 (3): 321-358
16 卫云燕, 尹华军, 刘庆, 黎云祥. 气候变暖背景下森林土壤碳循环研究进展[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2009, 15 (6): 888-894 [Wei YY, Yin HJ, Liu Q, Li YX. Advance in research of forest carbon cycling under climate warming [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2009, 15 (6): 888-894]
17 González-Pérez JA, González-Vila FJ, Almendros G, Knicker H. The effect of fire on soil organic matter-a review [J]. Environ Intern, 2004, 30 (6): 855-870
18 马祥庆, 何智英, 俞新妥. 不同林地清理方式对杉木人工林地力的影响[J]. 林业科学,1995, 31 (6): 485-490 [Ma XQ, He ZY, Yu XT. The effects of different clearances on soil fertility of Chinese fir timber plantation [J]. Sci Silv Sin, 1995, 31 (6): 485-490]
19 何斌, 袁摇霞, 刘运华, 翟新翠, 莫雅芳, 黄晓梅. 马尾松采伐迹地炼山前后土壤养分变化的研究[J]. 广西农业生物科学, 2002, 21 (3): 216-218 [He B, Yuan YX, Iiu YH, Zhai XC, Mo YF, Huang XM. Studies on the change of soil nutrient before and after controlled burning all cutting woodland of Pinus massoniana plantation [J]. J Guangxi Agric Biol Sci, 2002, 21 (3): 216-218]
20 Marcos E, Villalón C, Calvo L, Luis-Calabuig E. Short-term effects of experimental burning on soil nutrients in the Cantabrian heathlands [J]. Ecol Eng, 2009, 35 (5): 820-828
21 Pietikainen J, Fritze H. Clear-cutting and prescribed burning in coniferous forest-comparison of effects on soil fungal and total microbial biomass, respiration activity and nitrification [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 1995, 27 (1): 101-109
22 Boerner REJ, Decker KLM, Sutherland EK. Prescribed burning effects on soil enzyme activity in a southern Ohio hardwood forest: A landscape scale analysis [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2000, 32: 899-908
23 Joergensen RG, Mueller T. The fumigation-extraction method to estimate soil microbial biomass: calibration of the kEC value [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 1996, 28 (1): 3-37
24 吴金水, 林启美, 黄巧云, 肖和艾. 土壤微生物生物量测定方法及其应用[M]. 北京: 气象出版社, 2006. 54-87 [Wu JS, Lin QM, Huang QY. Xiao HA. Soil Microbial Biomass-Methods and Application [M]. Beijing: China Meteorol Press, 2006. 54-87]
25 王利利, 董民, 张璐, 杜相革. 不同碳氮比有机肥对有机农业土壤微生物生物量的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2013, 21 (9): 1073-1077 [Wang LL, Dong M, Zhang L, Du XG. Effects of organic manures with different carbon-to-nitrogen ratios on soil microbial biomass of organic agriculture [J]. Chin J Eco-Agric, 2013, 21 (9): 1073-1077]
26 Margesin R, Jud M, Tscherko D, Schinner F. Microbial communities and activities in alpine and subalpine soils [J]. FEMS Microbiol Ecol, 2009, 67 (2): 208-218
27 Edwards AC, Scalenghe R, Freppaz M. Changes in the seasonal snow cover of alpine regions and its effect on soil processes: a review [J]. Quatern Intern, 2007, 162: 172-181
28 Dinesh R, Suryanarayana MA, Chaudhuri SG, Sheeja TE. Long-term influence of leguminous cover crops on the biochemical properties of a sandy clay loam Fluventic Sulfaquent in a humid tropical region of India [J]. Soil Tillage Res, 2004, 77 (1): 69-77
29 朱利英, 赵春章, 莫旭, 余志祥, 刘庆. 计划烧除攀枝花苏铁林区地面覆盖物对苏铁生长和土壤理化性质的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2012, 18 (3): 381-390 [Zhu LY, Zhao CZ, Mo X, Yu ZX, Liu Q. Effects of prescribed burning on plant growth and properties of a Cycas panzhihuacycasis forest [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2012, 18 (3): 381-390]
30 Nielsen PL, Andresen LC, Michelsen A, Schmid IK, Kongstad J. Seasonal variations and effects of nutrient applications on N and P and microbial biomass under two temperate heathland plants [J]. Appl Soil Ecol, 2009, 42: 279-287
31 Fontúrbel MT, Barreiro A, Vega JA, Martín A, Jiménez E, Carballas T, Díaz-Ravi?a M. Effects of an experimental fire and post-fire stabilization treatments on soil microbial communities [J]. Geoderma, 2012, 191: 51-60
32 Wüthrich C, Schaub D, Weber M, Marxer P, Conedera M. Soil respiration and soil microbial biomass after fire in a sweet chestnut forest in southern Switzerland [J]. Catena, 2002, 48 (3): 201-215
33 薛立, 向文静, 何跃君. 不同林地清理方式对杉木林土壤肥力的影响. 应用生态学报, 2005, 16 (8): 1417-1421[Xue L, Xiang WJ, He YJ. Effect of different ground clearance on soil fertility of Chinese fir stands [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2005, 16 (8): 1417-1421]
34 漆良华, 张旭东, 周金星, 彭镇华, 岳祥华, 黄玲玲. 湘西北小流域不同植被恢复区土壤微生物数量、生物量碳氮及其分形特征[J]. 林业科学, 2009, 45 (8): 14-20 [Qi LH, Zhang XD, Zhou JX, Peng ZH, Yue XH, Huang LL. Soil microbe quantities, microbial carbon and nitrogen and fractal characteristics under different vegetation restoration patterns in watershed, northwest Hunan [J]. Sci Silv Sin, 2009, 45 (8): 14-20]
35 李灵, 张玉, 王利宝, 王丽梅. 不同林地土壤微生物生物量垂直分布及其相关性分析[J]. 中南林业科技大学学报, 2007,27 (2): 52-60 [Li L, Zhang Y, Wang LB, Wang LM. Vertical changes of the soil microbial biomass and the correlation analysis in different forests [J]. J Central South Univ For Tech, 2007, 27 (2) :52-60]
36 蔡琼, 丁贵杰. 黔中地区连栽马尾松林对土壤微生物的影响[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版), 2006, 30 (3): 131-133 [Cai Q, Ding GJ. Effects of replanting Pinus massoniana on soil microorganism in Qianzhong Region [J]. J Nanjing For Univ (Nat Sci Ed), 2006, 30 (3): 131-133]
37 Jia, G.M, Cao J, Wang C, Wang G.. Microbial biomass and nutrients in soil at the different stages of secondary forest succession in Ziwulin, northwest China [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2005, 217 (1): 117-125
38 刘占锋, 刘国华, 傅伯杰, 胡会峰, 郑晓翾, 吴雅琼. 人工油松林恢复过程中土壤微生物生物量C、N的变化特征[J]. 生态学报, 2007, 27 (3): 1011-1018 [Liu ZF, Liu GH, Fu BJ, Hu HF, Zheng XX, Wu YQ. Dynamiacs of soil microbial biomass C, N along restoration chronosequences in pine plantations [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2007, 27 (3): 1011-1018]
39 Ponder F, Tadros M, Loewenstein EF. Microbial properties and litter and soil nutrients after two prescribed fires in developing savannas in an upland Missouri Ozark Forest [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2009, 257 (2): 755-763


Last Update: 2014-05-04