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Radial Growth Process of Picea asperata and Its Response to Gap Model Thinning Within the Single Spruce Plantation at the Western Sichuan, China(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

2013 02
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Radial Growth Process of Picea asperata and Its Response to Gap Model Thinning Within the Single Spruce Plantation at the Western Sichuan, China
XING Fu BAO Weikai PANG Xueyong YAN Xiaoli LIU Xin
(1Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China)
(2Key Laboratory of Mountain Ecological Restoration and Bioresource Utilization, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Ecological Restoration Biodiversity Conservation Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu 610041, China)
(3University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
single tree species plantation Picea asperata radial growth process climate influence gap model thinning growth release effect
S791.180.2 : S753

In this study, we selected Picea asperata with various growth status within the single spruce plantation in the western Sichuan to investigate their radial growth dynamics in various growth periods and the relationships with different climatic factors. We also applied the technique of thinning by mimicing gap formation, to explore the release effect of radial growth after the gap creation. The results showed that (1) the radial growth process was divided into two phases: the fast-growing period (1982-1993) and the slow-down-growing period (1994-2005); in both phases the average annual radial growth increment of the dominant trees was significantly greater than that of the oppressed ones; (2) the tree-ring indices were related to climatic factors, including mean monthly temperature in previous October, annual evaporation and annual aridity index. This suggested that annual evaporation was the key factor to restricted radial growth; (3) the thinning by stimulating gap formation promoted the radial growth of spruce individuals. The release effect of growth at the gap fringe was stronger than that within stand canopy, and the effect of growth release was significantly stronger for dominant trees than the oppressed trees. We concluded that low intensity of thinning by mimicing gap formation can improve the forest environment quality and the individual ability in environmental resources utilization. Therefore, preferentially felling the oppressed trees and retaining the dominant trees within the single spruce plantation is suggested to be the key countermeasure to optimize the low intensity of gap model thinning and promote and retain growth release effect. Fig 5, Tab 4, Ref 50


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