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Progress in Research on Bud Dormancy and Its Regulation Mechanisms in Perennial Plants(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

2011 04
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Progress in Research on Bud Dormancy and Its Regulation Mechanisms in Perennial Plants
WANG Xinchao MA Chunlei YANG Yajun
(Research Center for Tea Germplasm and Improvement, Tea Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences; National Center for Tea Improvement, Hangzhou 310008, China)
perennial plants bud dormancy physiological mechanism molecular mechanism

Bud dormancy can help perennial plants in avoiding or resisting environmental stresses. With this adaptation stratedgy, the species survive and the population persists through the harsh seasons. Recent research on bud dormancy and its regulation mechanism was summarized and reviewed. It was concluded that bud dormancy as a complex biological phenomenon, was controlled by many factors and genes. The changes of environment factors such as light, temperature and water would affect and regulate the formation and release of bud dormancy. During this procedure, the inside physiological changes happened, including changes of signal substances, e. g. hormone, carbohydrate, polyamine, Ca2+, and some antioxidase and energy metabolism-related enzymes. These changes were regulated by the corresponding genes, such as light- and temperature-corresponding genes, water corresponding genes, energy metabolism-related genes, stress-related genes, hormone-related genes, and MADS-box transcription factors, which constituted complex gene regulatory network and regulate the formation and release of bud dormancy. Some research topics on the mechanisms of bud dormancy for future studies were also proposed. Fig 1, Ref 67


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Last Update: 2011-08-16