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Diversity of Plant Community of Giant Panda’s Habitat in the Wolong Nature Reserve Ⅴ: Species Diversity in Different Bamboo Forests(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

2009 02
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Diversity of Plant Community of Giant Panda’s Habitat in the Wolong Nature Reserve Ⅴ: Species Diversity in Different Bamboo Forests
ZHOU Shiqiang HUANG Jinyan ZHANG Yahui LI Desheng HUANG Yan ZHOU Xiaoping WANG Pengyan & ZHANG Hemin
(Key Laboratory for Reproduction and Conservation Genetics of Endangered Wildlife of Sichuan Province, China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda, Wolong 623006, Sichuan, China)
Wolong Nature Reserve giant panda Ailuropoda melanoleuca habitat species diversity bamboo forest
S795.02 (271)

Forty-eight forest sampling plots between 2 000 m and 3 000 m in the Wolong Nature Reserve, located at the western edge of the Sichuan Basin, were investigated. The species diversity of different bamboo forests was studied using the indices on both α-diversity and β-diversity. The species richness, species dominance, species evenness and plant flora were found significantly different at the 0.05 level among three bamboo forests. The species richness and species dominance were highest in Fargesia robusta forest, then in Bashania faberi forest and lowest in Yushania brevipaniculata forest. The ordination pattern of Shannon-wiener index was F. robusta forest>B. faberi forest>Y. brevipaniculata forest. The Simpson index of B. faberi forest was more than that of F. robusta forest and that of Y brevipaniculata forest, and the difference between that of F. robusta forest and that of Y. brevipaniculata forest was not significant. The two indices of species evenness (Jsw and Jsi ) were Y. brevipaniculata forest > F. robusta forest > B. faberi forest. The α-diversity values of arbor layer, shrub layer and herb layer had different changes in the three bamboo forests. The plant flora, which primary component was temperate zone distribution types, was similar in different bamboo forests (P>0.05) and coincident with that of the Wolong Nature Reserve. The species of the three bamboo forests were significantly different at 0.05 levels, and so did the importance value of dominant species of arbor layer, the quantity of shrub layer and the coverage of herb layer. The comparability index (β-diversity) was very small among the three bamboo forests, mainly due to different plant species compositions and community structures (P<0.05). These differences can be explained by the biological characteristics of different bamboo species, their altitudinal distributions and growth phases. The results can be applied in mapping of bamboo distribution, restoration of degraded habitats, recovery of giant panda’s habitats destroyed by the “5·12” Wenchuan Earthquake and its aftershocks, and establishment of in-captive giant panda food bases. Fig 3, Tab 5, Ref 32


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Last Update: 2009-05-05