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INDIRECT EFFECT OF SO2 POLLUTION ON AGRICULTURAL INSECT PESTS(PDF)

Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

Issue:
1997 02
Page:
158-162
Research Field:
Articles
Publishing date:

Info

Title:
INDIRECT EFFECT OF SO2 POLLUTION ON AGRICULTURAL INSECT PESTS
Author(s):
Wu Kunjun Gong Peiyu Li Xiuzhen
Institute of Aoology. Academia Sinica, Beijing 100080
Keywords:
SO2 pollutionagricultural insect pestmean relative growth rate (MRGR)fecundityintrinsic increase rate (rm)
CLC:
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PACS:
DOI:
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DocumentCode:

Abstract:
Influences of SO2 pollution on agricultural insect pests, Mythimna separata, Agrotis segetum,Plutella xylostella,Myzus persicae,Lipaphis erysimi and Aphis craccivora were investigated using open-top fumigation chambers. The results showed that moderate SO2 pollution significantly enhanced the growth and/ or reproduction of these insects, while heavy SO2 pollution exhibited obvious adverse effect on them. Such effects indirectly occurred via their food plants. The response to moderate SO2 pollution varied,depending on the insect species tested. There were significantly increase in larval mean relative growth rate (MRGR) with little change in adult fecundity for the three species of lepidopterous insects and great enhance of adult fecundity with marked increase in MRGR of the nymphs for the aphid species except A. craccivora,compared with control ones. The analyses of nutritional composition of the food plants suggested that the changes in methionine relative content induced by SO2 pollution might be the major reason for such indirect effects.

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